This work investigates exhaustively the musical references in Dante's Commedia. It is a critical survey of their literal and symbolical significance within Dante's narrative. Although Inferno, realm of Anti-Music, apparently only contains noises, there are several parodic referrals to music. Purgatory, where music is a means for purgation, is the canticle which is most specific in its description of actual chants and the way they are sung by the souls. In Paradise reigns superhuman music, therefore it contains numerous musical references, but very few of them are specific and indicate an existing chant: they are above human music. This investigation of the sonorous references in the Commedia has taken into account a historical-musical perspective, as is applied by musicians and musicologists specialized in Early Music.
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About the Author
Lobke Sprenkeling was born in 1979 in Holland. As a recorder player, she won the first prize at the age of 15 in the category of wind instruments at the Competition for Young Musicians of Leiden, and she became semi-finalist in the international youth contest of SONBU Holland. She obtained the Bachelor Degree of Music at the Royal Conservatory in The Hague in 2001. In the same year, she was selected to participate in the project and national tour of the Baroque Orchestra of Ambronay, France. In 2003, she obtained the Master of Arts Degree at the Conservatory of Utrecht in recorder. Simultaneously, she obtained the Master of Arts in Experimental Music Theatre at the Royal Conservatory in The Hague, having trained as an actress-musician. She received a scholarship from the national Prince Bernhard Culture Fund to study Medieval music during a year with Pedro Memelsdorff at the ESMUC in Barcelona. In 2012 she obtained her Master of Advanced Studies at the Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, with her research “Dutch Music Theatre, a meeting point between the Performing Arts”. As a recorder player she has performed with outstanding orchestras such as Les Talens Lyriques under direction of Christophe Rousset, in a co-production with the Dutch Opera, and the Orquestra de la Comunitat Valenciana at the Palau de les Arts in Valencia, under the direction of Eduardo López Banzo. Furthermore, she has collaborated among others with Capella dels Ministrers, La Academia de los Nocturnos, Capella Saetabis, Orfeón de la Universitat de València, Estampida Real, and Música Trobada. She performed as a soloist with the Orquesta Sinfónica de Albacete in 2015 and 2016. Lobke Sprenkeling was the recorder teacher at the Conservatorio Profesional de Valencia from 2009 untill 2016 and has been a teacher in various Summer Courses. She was the wind instrument coach at the Conservatorio Superior de Música de Albacete in the 2015 Baroque orchestra project “Music and Dance at Versailles”. As a singer, she has studied with various teachers, such as Lennaert Roos, Astrid Kroon and Beatriz Lafont, and has collaborated with the early music ensemble La Academia de los Nocturnos. In 2009-2010 she studied popular musical theatre, with singing classes, acting classes, and dance classes. She has been taking ballet classes for over 15 years as well as contemporary dance classes, Tai Chi Yang and Chen, Pilates and Yoga. Lobke was accepted in the artist database of Cirque du Soleil after her personal casting as a recorder player and singer. Over the years she has been involved in various small-scale music theatre projects. In 2016, she obtained her PhD degree in Music at the Universitat Politècnica de Valencia, with grade 9.2 out of 10 and cum laude. She was accepted into the Stage Director intensive course of Yale University, as well as in the Master course of Theatrical Creation of the Universidad Carlos III in Madrid.