The Spanish Monarchy and the Creation of the Viceroyalty of New Granada (1717-1739): The Politics of Early Bourbon Reform in Spain and Spanish America

The Spanish Monarchy and the Creation of the Viceroyalty of New Granada (1717-1739): The Politics of Early Bourbon Reform in Spain and Spanish America

by Francisco A. Eissa-Barroso

Hardcover(Bilingual)

$166.00

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9789004308787
Publisher: Brill Academic Publishers, Inc.
Publication date: 10/20/2016
Series: Early American History Series , #6
Edition description: Bilingual
Pages: 326
Product dimensions: 0.63(w) x 0.94(h) x (d)

About the Author

Francisco A. Eissa-Barroso, Ph.D. (Warwick, 2010), is Lecturer in Latin American History at the University of Manchester. Among other publications, he co-edited Early Bourbon Spanish America: Politics and Society in a Forgotten Era (1700-1759) (Brill, 2013).

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements ix

List of Map and Figures xii

List of Abbreviations xiii

Introduction 1

0.1 Reform under the Early Bourbons 5

0.2 The Structure of the Spanish Monarchy 11

0.3 The Creation of the Viceroyalty of New Granada 14

0.4 Organization of this Book 20

1 The Viceregal Institution in the Spanish World under the Habsburgs 23

1.1 Aragonese and Columbine Precedents 24

1.2 The King's Justice: The Role of the Audiencia in the Peninsula and the Indies 28

1.3 The Creation of the Spanish American Viceregal Offices 31

1.4 Institutional Development of the Viceregal Office under the Habsburgs 34

1.5 The King's Alter Nos: The Viceroy as Physical Representation of the King 40

1.6 The Political Dynamics of the Viceregal Office in the Seventeenth Century 45

2 Northern South America at the Turn of the Eighteenth Century 53

2.1 Northern South America and the Spanish Atlantic Empire 54

2.2 Governor Diego de los Ríos and the French Occupation of Cartagena in 1697 61

2.3 The Overthrow of President Meneses 67

2.4 Contraband and Political Infighting in Panama City and Quito during the War of the Spanish Succession 77

3 Reform under the First Bourbon: The Dawn of the Administrative Monarchy 86

3.1 The Character of Reform under Philip v 88

3.2 Reform beyond the Central Institutions of the Monarchy: The Kingdoms of the Crown of Aragon 98

3.3 A New Understanding of the Purpose of Government: Royal Authority and Economic Development 102

4 Giulio Alberoni, Reform through the Vía Reservada and the First Creation of the Viceroyalty of New Granada 112

4.1 Giulio Alberoni's Rise to Power and the Decline of the Council of the Indies 113

4.2 The Viceroyalty of New Granada and Alberoni's Program of American Reforms 125

5 Two Architects and Faulty Foundations? Explaining the Suppression of the First Viceroyalty of New Granada 141

5.1 Two Architects for One Building: The Men Charged with Implementing the Creation of the New Viceroyalty 144

5.2 'A Fatuous Viceroy'? Jorge de Villalonga's Formal Entry into Santa Fe de Bogota 150

5.3 Court Politics in Madrid and the Suppression of the First Viceroyalty of New Granada 161

6 The Viceroy's Subjects: New Granada under the First Viceroyalty 172

6.1 Peripheral Antipathy: Quiteño Politics and Jorge de Villalonga 173

6.2 The Coveted Status of Viceregal Capital: Cartagena v. Santa Fe 179

6.3 Villalonga's Retinue and New Granadan Society 184

7 The End of Reform? José Patiño and New Granada's Government between 1724 and 1739 195

7.1 Patiño's Ministry and the Second Wave of Early Bourbon Reformism 196

7.2 The Militarization of Provincial Government on South America's Caribbean Coast 203

7.3 Atlantic Trade and Defense under Patiño 216

8 The Council of Indies and the War of Jenkins' Ear: The Second Creation of the Viceroyalty of New Granada 224

8.1 "The Council Must Have Been Confused": The Spanish Court and the Politics of the Second Creation of the Viceroyalty of New-Granada 226

8.2 A Viceroy's Magic Touch: The Discourse of Economic Development and the Calls for the Creation of a Viceroyalty in New Granada 236

8.3 Choosing a New Viceroy: Sebastián de Eslava and the Defense of New Granada 248

Conclusion 259

Appendix I Chronology of Philip V's Secretaries of State (1701-1746) 267

Appendix II Councilors of the Indies (1700-1746) by Date of Appointment 276

Appendix III Members of the Chamber of the Indies (1700-1746) by Date of Appointment 286

Appendix IV Presidents of the Council and Chamber of the Indies (1700-1746) by Date of Appointment 288

Archival Sources 290

Bibliography 292

Index 311

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