Power can be seen as evil or unjust, but the exercise of power is accepted as endemic to humans as social beings.
In business, power is often expressed as being "upward" or "downward". With downward power, a company's superior inﬂuences subordinates. When a company exerts upward power, it is the subordinates who inﬂuence the decisions of their leader or leaders.
The use of power need not involve force or the threat of force (coercion). At one extreme, it more closely resembles what English speaking people might term "inﬂuence", although some authors distinguish "inﬂuence" as a means by which power is used.
Much of the recent sociological debate about power revolves around the issue of its means to enable-in other words, power as a means to make social actions possible as much as it may constrain or prevent them. The philosopher Michel Foucault saw power as a structural expression of "a complex strategic situation in a given social setting" that requires both constraint and enablement.
Potestatemology is the study of all the categories that influence power such as ideology, politics and the psychology of power.
This book is about the study of power and is designed to be a state of the art, superb academic reference work and provide an overview of the topic and give the reader a structured knowledge to familiarize yourself with the topic at the most affordable price possible.
The accuracy and knowledge is of an international viewpoint as the edited articles represent the inputs of many knowledgeable individuals and some of the most current knowledge on the topic, based on the date of publication.
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About the Author
He has also been a Contributing Author for The International Encyclopedia on Intelligence and Counter-Intelligence and written several award-winning software manuals that have been sold in more than a dozen countries. He has appeared in Marquis "Who's Who in the World" & "Who's Who in Science & Engineering" and continues to edit and write.