ISBN-10:
0875904092
ISBN-13:
9780875904092
Pub. Date:
01/09/2004
Publisher:
Wiley
The Subseafloor Biosphere at Mid-Ocean Ridges / Edition 1

The Subseafloor Biosphere at Mid-Ocean Ridges / Edition 1

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780875904092
Publisher: Wiley
Publication date: 01/09/2004
Series: Geophysical Monograph Series , #144
Pages: 408
Product dimensions: 8.70(w) x 10.70(h) x 1.10(d)

Table of Contents

Introduction

The Subsurface Biosphere at Mid-Ocean Ridges: Issues andChallenges
John A. Baross, William S. D. Wilcock, Deborah S. Kelley, EdwardF. DeLong, 5. Craig Cary 1

Physical Limits to Subsurface Life

The Upper Temperature Limit for Life Based on HyperthermophileCulture Experiments
and Field Observations
James F. Holden and Roy M. Daniel 13

The Stability of Biomolecules and the Implications for Life atHigh Temperatures
Roy M. Daniel, James F. Holden, Jolanda Truter, Don A. Cowan,and Renate van Eckert 25

On the Edge of a Deep Biosphere: Real Animals in ExtremeEnvironments
James J. Childress, Charles R. Fisher, Horst Felbeck, and PeterGirguis 41

The Subseafloor Environment at Mid-Ocean Ridges
Geophysical Constraints on the Subseafloor Environment NearMid-Ocean Ridges
William S. D. Wilcock and Andrew T. Fisher 51

Diking, Event Plumes, and the Subsurface Biosphere at Mid-OceanRidge
Robert W. Embley and John E. Lupton 75

Fluid Flow and Fluid-Rock Interaction Within Ocean Crust:Reconciling Geochemical,
Geological, and Geophysical Observations
Wolfgang Bach, Susan E. Humphris, and Andrew T. Fisher99

Serpentinization of Oceanic Peridotites: Implications forGeochemical Cycles
and Biological Activity
Gretchen L Fruh-Green, James A. D. Connolly Alessio Plas,Deborah S. Kelley, and Bernard Grobety 119

Environmental Conditions Within Active Seafloor Vent Structures:Sensitivity to Vent Fluid
Composition and Fluid Flow
Margaret Kingston Tivey 137

Energy Sources and Physiological Diversity

Geochemical Energy Sources That Support the SubsurfaceBiosphere
Everett L. Shock and Melanie E. Holland 153

Volatiles in Submarine Environments: Food for Life
Deborah S. Kelley Marvin D. Li I ley, and Gretchen L.Fruh-Green 167

Activation of Diatomic and Triatomic Molecules for the Synthesisof Organic Compounds:
Metal Catalysis at the Subseafloor Biosphere
George W. Luther, III 191

Potential Importance of Dissimilatory Fe(lll)-ReducingMicroorganisms
in Hot Sedimentary Environments
Kazem Kashefi, Dawn. E. Holmes, Derek R. Lovley, and Jason M.Tor 199

Significance of Polysaccharides in Microbial Physiology and theEcology of
Hydrothermal Vent Environments
Marybeth A. Pysz, Clemente I. Montero, Swapnil R. Chhabra,Robert M. Kelly and Kristina D. Rinker 213

Environmental Dynamics and Variability

Detection of and Response to Mid-Ocean Ridge Magmatic Events:Implications for
the Subsurface Biosphere
James P. Cowen, Edward T. Baker, and Robert W. Embley227

Diffuse Flow Hydrothermal Fluids From 9°50'N East PacificRise: Origin, Evolution and
Biogeochemical Controls
Karen L. Von Damm and Marvin D. Lilley 245

Mixing, Reaction and Microbial Activity in the Sub-seafloorRevealed by
Temporal and Spatial Variation in Diffuse Flow Vents at AxialVolcano
David A. Butterfield, Kevin K. Roe, Marvin D. Lilley Julie A.Huber, John A. Baross, Robert W. Embley and Gary J.Massoth 269

Illuminating Subseafloor Ecosystems Using MicrobialTracers
Melanie E. Holland, John A. Baross, and James F. Holden291

Sedimented Ridges as a Laboratory for Exploring the SubsurfaceBiosphere
Robert A. Zierenberg and Melanie E. Holland 305

Global Distribution and Comparisons

The Ocean Crust as a Bioreactor
Hubert Staudigel, Bradley Tebo, Art Yayanos, Harald Furnes,Katie Kelley, Terry Plank, and Karlis Muehlenbachs325

Diversity of Life at the Geothermal Subsurface-SurfaceInterface: The Yellowstone Example
John R. Spear and Norman R. Pace 343

Unifying Principles of the Deep Terrestrial and Deep MarineBiospheres
Frederick S. Colwell and Richard P. Smith 355

Distribution of Unusual Archaea in Subsurface Biosphere
Ken Takai, Fumio Inagaki, and Koki Horikoshi 369

Future Directions

Studying the Deep Subsurface Biosphere: Emerging Technologiesand Applications
S. Craig Cary, Barbara J. Campbell, and Edward F DeLong383

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