The Tainos: Rise and Decline of the People Who Greeted Columbus

The Tainos: Rise and Decline of the People Who Greeted Columbus

by Irving Rouse
2.3 3
ISBN-10:
0300056966
ISBN-13:
9780300056969
Pub. Date:
07/28/1993
Publisher:
Yale University Press
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Overview

The Tainos: Rise and Decline of the People Who Greeted Columbus


When Columbus arrived in the Americas, the first people he encountered were the Tainos, inhabitants of the islands of the northern Caribbean Sea. In this book a noted archeologist and anthropologist tells the story of the Tainos from their ancestral days on the South American continent to their rapid decline after contact with the Spanish explorers.

Drawing on archeological and ethno-historical evidence, Irving Rouse sketches a picture of the Tainos as they existed during the time of Columbus, contrasting their customs with those of their neighbors. He then moves backward in time to the ancestors of the Tainos—two successive groups who settled the West Indies and who are known to archeologists as the Saladoid peoples and the Ostionoid peoples. By reconstructing the development of these groups and studying their interaction with other groups during the centuries before Columbus, Rouse shows precisely who the Tainos were. He vividly recounts Columbus's four voyages, the events of the European contact, and the early Spanish views of the Tainos, particularly their art and religion. The narration shows that the Tainos did not long survive the advent of Columbus. Weakened by forced labor, malnutrition, and diseases introduced by the foreigners, and dispersed by migration and intermarriage, they ceased to exist as a separate population group. As Rouse discusses the Tainos' contributions to the Spaniards—from Indian corn, tobacco, and rubber balls to art, artifacts, and new words—we realize that their effect on Western civilization, brief through their contact, was an important and lasting one.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780300056969
Publisher: Yale University Press
Publication date: 07/28/1993
Edition description: Reissue
Pages: 224
Sales rank: 375,483
Product dimensions: 6.12(w) x 9.25(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations
ix
Preface xi
Introduction
1(25)
The Natural Setting
1(4)
The Tainos
5(14)
Neighboring Ethnic Groups
19(4)
Conclusions
23(3)
The Ancestries of the Tainos
26(23)
Cultural Ancestry
30(7)
Linguistic Ancestry
37(5)
Biological Ancestry
42(3)
Conclusions
45(4)
The Peopleing of the West Indies
49(22)
The Casimiroid Peoples, 4000--400 B.C.
51(11)
The Ortoiroid Peoples, 2000--400 B.C.
62(5)
The Ortoiroid-Casimiroid Frontier, 1000--400 B.C.
67(2)
Conclusions
69(2)
The First Repeopling
71(34)
The Saladoid Peoples, 2000 B.C.--600 A.D.
74(16)
The Saladoid-Casimiroid Frontier, 200 B.C.--600 A.D.
90(2)
The Western Ostionoid Peoples, 600--1500
92(9)
Conclusions
101(4)
The Emergence of the Tainos
105(33)
The Central Ostionoid Peoples, 600--1500
109(14)
The Eastern Ostionoid Peoples, 600--1640
123(4)
Beyond the Eastern Frontier, 600--1640
127(6)
Conclusions
133(5)
The Second Repeopling
138(31)
The Voyages of Columbus, 1492--1504
139(11)
Conquest, 1494--1797
150(11)
Survival and Revival, 1524 On
161(3)
Conclusions
164(5)
Epilogue. The Tainos' Role in the Columbian Exchange 169(1)
Biological Traits 169(1)
Cultural Traits 170(1)
Linguistic Traits 171(1)
Conclusions 171(2)
Glossary 173(14)
References 187(16)
Index 203

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The Tainos: Rise and Decline of the People Who Greeted Columbus 2.3 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 3 reviews.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
The Taino are not extinct. They were not wiped out. We are still here.
Anonymous More than 1 year ago
Anonymous More than 1 year ago