Dramatist, actor, director and theatre manager Charles Frederick Fox Cooper was a controversial and colorful character of the Victorian stage who more than once was assaulted by his actors and arrested for causing a riot. Throughout his long career he managed the Dover Theatre, City of London Theatre, and Strand Theatre, among others. As a playwright his plays were either well received and successful or notorious flops. He could write in a variety of theatre styles from historical dramas to light operettas. He would later go on to adapt "Hard Times" and "Little Dorrit" two Dickens' novels ignored by contemporary playwrights.