ISBN-10:
0471168165
ISBN-13:
9780471168164
Pub. Date:
10/28/2002
Publisher:
Wiley, John & Sons, Incorporated
The Tapestry of Modern Astrophysics / Edition 1

The Tapestry of Modern Astrophysics / Edition 1

by Steven N. Shore

Hardcover

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780471168164
Publisher: Wiley, John & Sons, Incorporated
Publication date: 10/28/2002
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 888
Product dimensions: 7.02(w) x 10.32(h) x 1.73(d)

About the Author

STEVEN N. SHORE is Professor of Physics and Astronomy at Indiana University South Bend. He is a scientific editor of the Astrophysical Journal and a visiting professor at Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, University of Pisa, University of Notre Dame, and Arizona State University. He is the author of An Introduction to Astrophysical Hydrodynamics.

Table of Contents

Prefacexxi
1From Gases to Clusters: Concepts in Gravitation and Gas Laws1
1.1Introductory Remarks1
1.2Gravity1
1.3Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics15
1.4Collective Behavior: Fluids37
1.5The Virial Theorem56
1.6The Fokker-Planck Equation64
1.AGravitational Potential for Homogeneous Spheroids70
1.BA Lightning-Fast Review of Hamiltonian and Lagrangian Mechanics75
1.CGeneral Relativity on the Cheap77
2The Raw Material: Instruments and Observations103
2.1The Role of Instruments103
2.2Calibration105
2.3Photon Detectors120
2.4Spectrographs130
2.5Image Formation134
2.6Image Reconstruction Methods146
2.AA Note on Cosmic Backgrounds across the Spectrum156
2.BStatistical Distributions157
2.CProperties of the Fourier Transform and Convolutions161
2.DImplementation of Bayes' Theorem163
3Radiative Transfer and the Outer Layers of Stars166
3.1Introduction166
3.2The Phenomenon of Radiative Transfer167
3.3Transition Probabilities and Statistical Equilibrium168
3.4Radiative Transfer176
3.5Opacity192
3.6Stellar Atmospheres224
3.7Extended Envelopes and Outflows241
3.AQuantum-Mechanical Interlude: Time-Dependent Perturbation Theory for Transition Strengths260
3.BRadiative Transfer in the Lagrangian Frame263
3.CA Brief Survey of Methods for Solving the Transfer Equation265
3.DA Walk through the Stellar Spectroscopic Zoo272
4The Interiors of the Stars and Stellar Evolution280
4.1Introductory Remarks280
4.2Self-Gravitating Spheres282
4.3Thermodynamics and Equations of State285
4.4Equations of Structure292
4.5Stellar Pulsation and Stability311
4.6Energy Generation Mechanisms328
4.7Stellar Evolution357
4.8Isochrones401
4.AMagnetic Dynamos and the Interplay between Turbulence and Rotation405
4.BCalculation of Nuclear Reaction Networks410
5Structure and Evolution of Close Binary Stars413
5.1Introduction413
5.2Eclipses and Their Uses414
5.3Effect of Proximity: Tides and the Roche Surface417
5.4Evolution of Stars in Close Binaries422
5.5Mass Transfer in Close Binaries431
5.6Cataclysmic Variables and Compact Objects in Close Binaries447
5.7Formation of Binary Systems: A Comment or Two453
5.ASome Hydrodynamic Details457
6The Interstellar Medium459
6.1Introductory Remarks459
6.2Gas461
6.3Dust495
6.4Molecular Clouds522
6.5Magnetic Fields527
6.6Molecules and Astrochemistry543
6.7Dynamical Gas Bags in the Interstellar Medium554
6.8Instabilities and the Formation of Structure582
6.9Large-Scale Distribution of the Gas599
6.10Turbulence in the Interstellar Medium602
6.ASynchrotron Spectra: Some Details614
6.BThe Parker Instability: Some Details618
6.CDimensional Analysis and Similarity Solutions of the Hydrodynamic Equations: Some Details621
6.DThe Velocity Correlation Tensor and Representation of Turbulent Flows: Some Details624
7Our Galaxy and Others as Stellar Systems629
7.1The Galaxy as a Stellar System: Introductory Remarks629
7.2Large-Scale Structure of the Galaxy649
7.3Chemical Evolution of the Galaxy669
7.4Galaxies and Clusters of Galaxies: Introductory Remarks689
7.5The Hubble Classification Scheme for Galaxies690
7.6Rotation Curves: Bright Flow Tracers and Dark Matter697
7.7The Complications: Peculiar Galaxies700
7.8Clusters of Galaxies719
7.ADeprojection Methods: Abel's Equation and Inversion of Surface Measurements731
8The Biggest Picture: Cosmology734
8.1Introductory Remarks734
8.2The Distance Scale740
8.3Fundamental Parameters: The Redshift and the Hubble Constant752
8.4Relativistic Cosmology757
8.5Cosmological Models and Evolution of the Scale Factor765
8.6Cosmic Background Radiation (CBR)769
8.7Large Structures in the Universe805
8.8Cosmological Gravitational Lenses836
8.9Exeunt841
8.AGamma-Ray Bursts842
8.BNewtonian Derivation of the Evolution Equations844
8.CGalaxy Formation and [Lambda]DM Scenarios845
Index849

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