The Terracotta Warriors: Exploring the Most Intriguing Puzzle in Chinese History

The Terracotta Warriors: Exploring the Most Intriguing Puzzle in Chinese History

by Edward Burman


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A history of the famous Terracotta Army in Xi’an, China, exploring what we now know about it, what remains hidden, and the fascinating theories that surround its creation.

Exciting investigations in northwest China are about to reveal more of the mysteries of the huge mausoleum of the Qin Emperor, a portion of which was accidently discovered in 1974 by farmers who were digging a well. The second phase of an international research project began in 2011 and is ongoing. More recently still, promising new excavations began in Pit 2, with exciting fresh discoveries already announced. The Terracotta Warriors seeks to examine one of China’s most famous archaeological discoveries in light of these new findings.

The book begins with the discovery of the terracotta warriors and then tells the history of the Qin Dynasty and as much as is known about the construction of the 3rd century bce mausoleum, based on the work of the historian Sima Qian (145–90 bce). He wrote that the First Emperor was buried with palaces, towers, officials, valuable artifacts, and wondrous objects. According to this account, one hundred flowing rivers were simulated using mercury; the ceiling was decorated with heavenly bodies, high above the features of the land. The new findings and the description of the mausoleum based on the quoted historical accounts suggest that the next discoveries may surpass the size and conception of the original discovery of the terracotta warriors.

In the second part, Edward Burman asks: Who built it and how? He also questions the role of the terracotta warriors, who may be servants and not warriors, and what their function may have been in the afterlife. Finally, he anticipates the ongoing discoveries and describes the new methods of excavation and preservation.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781681777962
Publisher: Pegasus Books
Publication date: 08/07/2018
Pages: 304
Sales rank: 391,925
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.20(d)

About the Author

Edward Burman holds a degree in Philosophy and Fine Art from the University of Leeds. He has published eighteen books,
most recently Xi’an Through European Eyes: A Cultural History in the Year of the Horse. Since 2014, Edward has been a Trustee of the Xi’an City Wall Heritage Foundation; he is the only foreign trustee. He lives in England.

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations ix

Note on the Text xiii

Introduction: Legends and the 1974 Discovery xvii

I History

1 Warrior Chu 3

2 The Ancestors of Qin Shihuang 9

3 From Provincial Kings to Universal Emperor 29

4 Creation of the Temporal Empire 44

II Mystery

5 What Kind of Immortality Did Qin Shihuang Expect? 67

6 What is the Mausoleum? 77

7 Who Built the Army, and How? 105

8 What were the Warriors for? 119

9 What is in the Mausoleum? 132

III Latest Discoveries

10 Latest Discoveries and Research 151

11 New Techniques for Study, Restoration and Conservation 167

12 Recent Excavations and Current Studies 177

13 Why Did the Qin Fail? 190

Epilogue: Future Prospects 203

Notes 221

Bibliography 244

Acknowledgements 261

Index 264

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