Jim Marrs presents the official government pronouncement on 9/11 as an obvious conspiracy. The only question is whose conspiracy it was. According to the government, the conspiracy involved about nineteen suicidal Middle Eastern Muslim terrorists, their hearts full of hatred for American freedom and democracy, who hijacked four airliners, crashing two into the Twin Towers of New York City’s World Trade Center and a third into the Pentagon, near Washington, DC. The fourth airliner reportedly crashed in western Pennsylvania after passengers attempted to overcome the hijackers. To add insult to injury, this whole incredible Mission Impossible operation, which defeated a forty-billion-dollar defense system, was under the total control of a devout Muslim cleric using a computer while hiding in a cave in Afghanistan.
Primarily using mainstream media and government reports, Marrs has crafted the definitive journalistic account exposing the likely complicity of the Bush administration in the 9/11 attacks, providing a history of the overt and covert causes of the events. However, his analysis goes far beyond 9/11, enabling us to understand the motivation behind American foreign policy, with the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq as primary examples of the US government’s secret agenda.
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About the Author
After graduating from University of North Texas Jim Marrs joined the US Army. On his release in 1968 he joined the Fort Worth Star-Telegram. Marrs' in-depth investigation of UFOs, "Alien Agenda" is the best-selling UFO book ever in the US; "Crossfire: The Plot That Killed Kennedy" was a New York Times bestseller, as was "Rule By Secrecy".
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THE TERROR CONSPIRACY
Deception, 9/11 and the Loss of Liberty
By JIM MARRS
The Disinformation Company Ltd.Copyright © 2006 Jim Marrs
All rights reserved.
THE EVENTS OF SEPTEMBER 11, 2001
"Let me just be very clear about this. Had we had the information that was necessary to stop an attack, I'd have stopped the attack ... if we'd known that the enemy was going to fly airplanes into our buildings, we would have done everything in our power to stop it."
—President George W. Bush to reporters, April 5, 2004
Bearing in mind the many unanswered questions concerning 9/11 and its aftermath, this inquiry begins with a brief look at the timeline of these tragic events.
This independent timeline is based on the best factual information now available, not on the "official" timeline that has been shown to be inaccurate and even misleading.
A CHRONOLOGY OF EVENTS
At 6:30 am on September 11, 2001, employees at the North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) begin work, already alerted that a week-long series of war game exercises with the overall title "Vigilant Guardian" would command their attention that day. The event was designed to pose an "imaginary crisis" in the form of an "air defense exercise simulating an attack on the United States," according to later news reports. But we now know that these exercises provided the distraction and confusion necessary for the real air attacks of that day to succeed.
Sometime between 7:45 am and 8:10 am that day, American Airlines Flight 11 and United Airlines Flight 175 were hijacked. By 8:15, air traffic controllers knew that they were obviously off course. Flight 11, a Boeing 767 with 92 persons on board out of a possible 351, had taken off from Boston's Logan International Airport en route to Los Angeles. Flight 175, another Boeing 767 carrying 65 passengers out of a possible 351, also departed from Logan to Los Angeles.
During that same time frame, American Flight 77, a Boeing 757 with 64 passengers out of a possible 289, took off from Dulles International Airport in Washington destined for Los Angeles, while United Flight 93, a Boeing 757 with 45 passengers out of a possible 289, headed for San Francisco from Newark Airport at 8:42 am, after a long delay.
According to the independent timeline presented here, at about 8:40 am, the Northeast Air Defense Sector (NEADS) of NORAD was alerted to the hijackings of Flights 11 and 175 by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and, according to a NORAD statement, two F-15 jet fighters were scrambled from the Otis Air National Guard Base in Falmouth, Massachusetts. Taking the initial call was Tech. Sgt. Jeremy Powell, a member of the Air National Guard at NEADS. "Hi. Boston [controller here], we have a problem here," Powell was told by Boston Flight Control. "We have a hijacked aircraft headed toward New York, and we need you guys to, we need someone to scramble some F-16s or something up there, help us out." Powell's reply was: "Is this real-world or exercise?"
Moments after 8:45 am, it was known to the FAA that four airliners had been hijacked, an unprecedented occurrence.
At 8:46 am, Flight 11 struck the north face of the 110-story North Tower of the World Trade Center (WTC) at the 96th floor. Also at this time, the two F-15s from Otis took to the air, after earlier warnings of a hijacking and waiting for several critical minutes for take-off orders. They quickly were redirected to New York City.
At 8:47 am, despite having its tracking beacon turned off by the hijackers, air traffic controllers could see that American Flight 77 had reversed course somewhere over West Virginia and was moving back toward the East Coast.
At 9:03 am, with the evacuation of the WTC towers proceeding amidst fear and confusion, United Flight 175 careened into the southeast corner of the South Tower at the 80th floor, sending a massive ball of burning fuel into the air over lower New York City. The F-15s were reported as being seventy-one miles away. According to official sources, the jets arrived over New York City at 9:10 am, seven minutes too late.
A short time after 9:03 am, Secretary of Defense Rumsfeld joined in on an emergency teleconference of top government officials being run out of the White House that included counterterrorism chief Richard A. Clarke, acting chairman of the joint chiefs Richard Myers, and FAA head Jane Garvey. Despite the 9/11 Commission's claim that no one could locate Rumsfeld until approximately 10:30 am that morning, the record shows that Rumsfeld—the military's top civilian official—was on the teleconference by as early as 9:05 am, along with the top official of the FAA. (See appendix for further details on this point.)
Nonetheless, according to the timeline presented in The 9/11 Commission Report, FAA authorities failed to the inform NORAD and NEADS about three of the four hijackings until after these planes had crashed (i.e., Flight 175 into the second World Trade Center tower at 9:03 am, Flight 77 into the Pentagon at 9:32 am, and Flight 93 into the ground in Pennsylvania at 10:06 am).
At 9:06 am, President Bush is attending a photo op in Sarasota, Florida at Booker Elementary School in a second grade classroom. His chief of staff, Andrew Card, enters the room and whispers into his ear, "A second plane hit the other tower, and America's under attack."
Between 9:06 and 9:16 am, with both WTC towers burning and terrified occupants leaping to their deaths, President Bush reads My Pet Goat to second graders for nearly ten minutes.
By 9:20 am, Transportation Secretary Norman Mineta arrives at the emergency operations bunker under the east wing of the White House. Vice President Cheney had already been rushed to this location by the Secret Service, according to several witnesses. When Mineta arrives, Cheney and others are engaged in the emergency teleconference indicated above. He witnesses Vice President Cheney being told by an aide that an airplane is headed toward Washington from only 50 miles away.
The 9/11 Commission Report ignores this eyewitness account by Mineta and others, and instead asserts that Cheney did not reach the White House bunker until about 10 am.
At 9:30 am, two F-16 fighters are scrambled from Langley Air Force Base (AFB) in Hampton, Virginia, heading toward Washington, D.C., in an attempt to intercept incoming Flight 77. But according to numerous authoritative sources, this pair of interceptors is ordered to fly at about a quarter of its top speed, as were the F-15s dispatched from Otis.
At 9:31 am, President Bush, speaking from the schoolhouse in Florida, declared the disaster in New York an apparent terrorist attack.
At 9:32 am rather that at the official time of 9:37 am—according to veteran military journalist Barbara Honegger, author of the special Appendix in this book—a flying object crashes into the west side of the steel-reinforced concrete and limestone Pentagon, penetrating three of its five rings of offices. A hot debate continues over what actually struck the Pentagon and exactly when.
If it is true that Flight 77 actually did hit the Pentagon at 9:32 am, anyone concerned with the fact that their tax money supports a half trillion yearly defense budget should be appalled that this flight was allowed to wander over northeastern airspace unmolested for over an hour.
Also at about this moment, a bomb or bombs reportedly go off at the same location in the west side of the Pentagon as the location of the crash of a flying object. (See also the Appendix.)
At 9:35 am, what official sources claim to be American Flight 77, but which may have been a reconnaissance fighter jet that was dispatched just after the impact on the Pentagon, begins making a complicated 270-degree spiral turn while descending seven thousand feet in the direction of the Pentagon.
By 9:48 am, key officials of the White House and the Capitol were evacuated and taken to secure but undisclosed locations. One minute later, in an unprecedented action, the FAA ordered all airline flights across the nation grounded. Air traffic controllers, who moments before seemed paralyzed by the confusion over the hijacked planes, were able to accomplish this nationwide grounding activity with unprecedented alacrity.
As early as 9:50 and no later than 10:00 am, according to numerous mainstream sources, President Bush had issued a shoot-down order that was transmitted to the military and was intended to apply to any remaining hijacked planes. This would have included Flight 93. With no supporting evidence, the 9/11 Commission claims that this order was not given until 10:25 am.
Shortly after 10 am, the South Tower of the World Trade Center collapsed, covering lower Manhattan with tons of asbestos-filled ash, dust, smoke, and debris.
At 10:06 am, United Flight 93, also with transponder turned off or disabled, crashed in western Pennsylvania about eighty miles southeast of Pittsburgh near Shanksville after passengers reportedly used back-of-the-seat radio phones to report that they intended to fight the hijackers.
This event was followed about twenty-three minutes later by the collapse of the WTC North Tower, the upper floors of which had been burning for about an hour and a half.
By noon, there were closings at the United Nations, Securities and Exchange Commission, the stock markets, some skyscrapers in several cities and even some large tourist attractions such as Walt Disney World, Mount Rushmore, the Seattle Space Needle, and St. Louis's Gateway Arch.
At 1:04 pm, speaking from Barksdale Air Force Base in Louisiana, President Bush proclaimed, "Make no mistake, the United States will hunt down and punish those responsible for these cowardly acts." But as of April, 2006, there had been no convictions of any terrorist involved in the 9/11 attacks nor had the proclaimed culprit, Osama bin Laden, been located or captured.
At 5:25 pm the 47-story Building 7 of the WTC suddenly collapsed despite the fact it was not hit by aircraft nor suffered major fire—a rather strange occurrence usually ignored in the official accounts until brought to the attention of the public by independent researchers.
After about an hour and a half, disaster relief crews began moving into the area searching for survivors and removing debris.
It should be noted that this timeline is not sacrosanct as there are unresolved conflicts between times reported by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD), The 9/11 Commission Report, and the independent research cited in this book.
Only a truly independent inquiry possessing subpoena power will ever be able to resolve these and a myriad of other factual discrepancies. This book provides essential support to such an effort still to come.
[Editor's note to researchers: very detailed timeline information may be found at www.cooperativeresearch.org. Also, for a useful graphic depiction of some of the various 9/11 issues covered in this book, watch the movie Loose Change at www.loosechange911.com.]
UNRESOLVED QUESTIONS ABOUND
As previously noted, the 9/11 attacks have prompted a lengthy list of disturbing questions, most of which have never been satisfactorily answered despite several official government inquiries.
For example, the "New Jersey widows" who co-founded the 9/11 Family Steering Committee (FSC), along with many other 9/11 family members, made this clear at a July 21, 2005 press conference convened at the National Press Club on the occasion of the first anniversary of the 9/11 Commission's final report. In their opening statement, they declared that the Commission had ignored "approximately 70 percent" of their concerns, while also suppressing important evidence and whistleblower testimony that challenged the official story. It will be remembered that the 9/11 Commission was formed only after 18 months of intense lobbying by the FSC, and that the FSC's list of questions were initially considered to be the "road map" for the work of the Commission.
Many unanswered questions concern the collapses of the towers at the World Trade Center (WTC). But due to the premature and illegal cleansing of Ground Zero, these crucial issues may never be definitively answered. These questions include the controversy concerning how relatively minor fires could have brought down steel-frame buildings; the unprecedented speed of their collapse; the cause of their apparent pulverization into fine dust; multiple reports of bombs in the buildings; and the mystery surrounding the collapse of Building 7, which was not hit by hijacked planes nor subjected to intense fires.
In the course of this inquiry, it will become clear that many other pieces of evidence have been systematically withheld, ignored, or even destroyed, raising additional unanswered questions.
Years of foot-dragging and unnecessary secrecy by the Bush administration, widely documented in the mainstream press, also hampered independent and official inquiries into unanswered questions.
Throughout this difficult process, unanswered questions about the failure of US intelligence also linger in the minds of critics of the official story. How could an obviously sophisticated terrorist plan that likely involved scores of persons collaborating over many years escape the notice of our intelligence services, especially the FBI and CIA? The fact is, it didn't. Following 9/11, the American public was to learn again and again that a great deal was already known about the alleged plot within the intelligence community—but simply not acted upon, or directly suppressed. Mild admissions of incompetence have been made in official hearings, but a great deal of additional evidence of wrongdoing and missteps by these agencies has still not entered mainstream discourse.
And what about the question of accountability? Was 9/11 simply a case of bungling incompetence, as the official account claims? To many thoughtful people, it is unsettling that not one individual within the federal government or military has been fired or even reprimanded for the many obvious government missteps of that day. Indeed, many of those responsible for failures were actually promoted. Many have interpreted this lack of discipline as evidence that government actions on 9/11 were not missteps at all.
And perhaps most important of all is this crucial question: Why did there appear to be such a systematic failure of response on the part of our air defense authorities?
Both American Flight 11 and United Flight 175 were known to be off course by 8:15 am, yet NORAD was not notified for almost twenty minutes. Why the long delay? It then required another fifteen minutes before jet interceptors were ordered off the ground at Otis AFB, entailing a total delay of more than thirty minutes—according to independent chronologies. Even so, we now know that the F15s still had enough time to reach the World Trade Center in time to intercept Flight 175 before it hit the second tower. Simple calculations using NORAD's own numbers reveal that the fighters were flying at far less than their top speeds.
The fighter jets scrambled on 9/11 did not arrive in time for a visual check of the hijacked planes' cockpits, even though such jet intercepts of wayward flights are a routine occurrence. For example, in October 1999, when golf pro Payne Stewart's Learjet went off course due to a failure of the plane's oxygen system, the Air Force announced that two F-15s from Eglin Air Force Base, Florida, intercepted the plane within twenty-four minutes after it had lost contact with air traffic controllers, and followed it until it crashed after running out of fuel. In 2001, a private plane that merely passed too close to the Bush ranch in Texas was immediately ordered to land.
Excerpted from THE TERROR CONSPIRACY by JIM MARRS. Copyright © 2006 Jim Marrs. Excerpted by permission of The Disinformation Company Ltd..
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Table of Contents
PART I - THE EVENTS OF SEPTEMBER 11, 2001,
A CHRONOLOGY OF EVENTS,
UNRESOLVED QUESTIONS ABOUND,
WHAT DID PRESIDENT BUSHKNOW, AND WHEN?,
DID WAR GAMES AID THE TERRORISTS?,
WHO AUTHORIZED THEBIN LADEN EVACUATION?,
WHAT ABOUT THE HIJACKERS THEMSELVES?,
WHAT REALLY HAPPENED AT THE PENTAGON?,
EXPLOSIONS AT THE WORLD TRADE CENTER,
FIREFIGHTERS THOUGHT THE FIRESWERE CONTROLLABLE,
WHAT CAUSED THE COLLAPSEOF WTC BUILDING 7?,
FEMA'S REPORT: CAUSE OF WTCCOLLAPSES UNKNOWN,
TRACKS OF FOREKNOWLEDGE,
THE FBI COULDN'T, OR WOULDN'T,CONNECT THE DOTS,
MISSED OPPORTUNITIES AT THE CIA,
SELLING STOCKS SHORT INDICATES FOREKNOWLEDGE,
WHAT ABOUT ISRAELI FOREKNOWLEDGE?,
WERE THE HIJACKED PLANES REMOTELY CONTROLLED?,
WHAT REALLY HAPPENED TO FLIGHT 93?,
REMOTE VIEWERS LOOK AT 9/11,
THE OFFICIAL 9/11 INQUIRY: ANOTHER WARREN COMMISSION?,
PART II - WAR FOR OIL AND DRUGS,
THE CENTRAL ASIAN GAS PIPELINE,
AFGHAN ATTACK WAS PLANNED LONG AGO,
WAG THE DOG IN IRAQ?,
CHENEY'S DEALINGS IN IRAQ,
IRAQIS AND THE MURRAH FEDERAL BUILDING BOMBING,
WHY DID THE US MILITARY RUSH INTO BAGHDAD?,
US COMPLICIT Y IN THE WORLD DRUG TRADE,
BIN LADEN, THE MADE-TO-ORDER ENEMY,
BIN LADEN REPLIES TO BUSH,
THE BIN LADEN FAMILY AND FRIENDS,
PART III - THE 9/11 BACKLASH,
A HISTORY OF UNCONSTITUTIONAL ACTIONS,
POSSE COMITATUS IGNORED,
A QUESTIONABLE MILITARY RECORD,
CREATING HOMELAND SECURITY,
WAS GEORGE ORWELL RIGHT ABOUT 1984?,
TOM RIDGE AND THE PHOENIX PROGRAM,
HOMELAND SECURITY AT WORK,
ENTER THE PATRIOT ACT,
THE PATRIOT ACT AT WORK,
INTERNMENT CAMPS IN PLACE,
BIG BROTHER'S TECHNOLOGY,
GOVERNING BY SECRECY AND DECREE,
THE SHADOW GOVERNMENT KNOWS,
PART IV - HISTORICAL PRECEDENTS,
THE REICHSTAG FIRE,
THE GULF WAR,
WOULD AMERICANS ALLOW ATTACKS ON AMERICANS?,
WAR AS AN ECONOMIC STIMULUS,
THE MASS MEDIA,
A DISMAL FOREIGN POLICY RECORD,
THE HEGELIAN DIALECTIC,
WHAT DO WE KNOW NOW?,
APPENDIX - The Pentagon Attack Papers,
Most Helpful Customer Reviews
I am a historian and Marrs puts this together beautifully. He did have some off tilt comments that submerged his own propaganda into the theories however there are not many writers today that don't. The logic is sound in most cases and the dots can surely be connected. However, more detail and research is needed in the individuals that he has named in order to be considered definitive.
Before you discard this review as being written by a non-believer, let me say that I was an air traffic controller at work on the morning of 9/11/01, and I KNOW that things happened that the public was never told about. Some might even call me a conspiracy theorist as I also believe that there was more than 1 gunman in Dealy Plaza, and that there are even questions surrounding the death of Robert Kennedy. Bearing that in mind, I strongly recommend you avoid this book. Most books of this nature have a central theory or point, and then present facts that support and prove said theory. Mr. Marrs has instead elected to present no central theory about 9/11, and just presents bits of information here and there that all might have something to do with the events of 9/11, but he does nothing to tie any of them together nor does he identify how any of them fit into whatever point he is trying to prove. It's almost as if he decided to throw as much mud as he could and hope that some of it stuck. Unfortunately, Mr. Marrs also has the habit of presenting a "fact" and then later in the book contradicting this "fact" with opposite or alternate information. For instance, at one point he claims that the 4 aircraft involved on 9/11 were hijacked as reported by the press, while mere pages later he claims that the aircraft were remotely flown by government insiders. He even went so far as to attempt to support one of his claims by using psychics to determine if members of the government were lying or knew more than they were telling. Then there was his attempt to somehow link 9/11 with Nazi Germany and also with the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor (and not just in a comparative manner - he was alleging an actual connection). It's your money, spend it on this book if you really want to. I would advise against it though.
Don't be one of those that buried their heads up their a**es in the illusion that this wasn't planned from the inside. It hurts, it's painful, but only the truth will solve all the questions hanging around like the 800-lb gorilla in the corner. Evil thrives right under our noses, never mind this al quaeda fairy tale we've been sold... it's all about the oil!
If you believe in physics and science then this book will show you the truth regarding 911. If you like to bury your head in the sand, keep it there. This book is not for you. Simple answers to some very simple questions would clear all of this up. What the government is afraid of, I don't know. Perhaps it is the truth. You decide.