On January 6, 1907 a mysterious tomb was uncovered in the Valley of the Kings by English archaeologist Edward R. Ayrton, digging on behalf of Theodore M. Davis. Initially identified as the burial of Amenophis III's queen, Tiye (Tîyi), on the basis of a spectacular gilded shrine which formed part of the burial equipment, the body itself was later recognized as that of a man buried in a coffin adapted for the use of an Amarna-period pharaoh. Was this the mummy of Akhenaten himself, as some at the time believed? Or the body of Akhenaten's mysterious co-regent, Smenkhkare? Almost a century later, Tomb 55 (as it is now generally known) continues to baffle archaeologist and Egyptologist alike. The Tomb of Queen Tîyi, which first appeared in 1910, was Davis's official account of the enigmatic Tomb 55 discovery, and remains a crucial source both for the Amarna period and for Valley of the Kings studies generally. It is here republished with Davis's equally fundamental The Tomb of Siphtah, which details the excavator's discoveries of 1905-7 - among them the extraordinary 'animal tombs' and the 'Gold Tomb', one of the greatest caches of 19th Dynasty jewelry ever found.
About the Author
Theodore M. Davis (1837-1915) was a wealthy American financier and lawyer and one of the key figures in the history of archaeological exploration in the Valley of the Kings. He had the reputation of uncovering a new tomb every season, and his finds now fill a gallery in the Cairo Museum.
Table of Contents
Preface by Theodore M. Davis
List of Plates and Illustrations
King Siphtah and Queen Tauosrît, Professor Gaston Maspero
The Finding of the Tomb of Siphtah; the Unnamed Gold Tomb; and the Animal Pit Tombs, Theodore M. Davis
The Excavations during the Winters of 1905, 1906, T.M. Davis and E.R. Ayrton
The Tomb of Siphtah Merenptah
The Tomb of Rameses Mentuherkhepshef: (No. 19), E.R. Ayrton
The Unnamed Gold Tomb
Catalogue of Jewels and Precious Objects found in the Funerary Deposit of Setuî II and Tauosrît