The Transformation of the World: A Global History of the Nineteenth Century

The Transformation of the World: A Global History of the Nineteenth Century

by Jurgen Osterhammel
ISBN-10:
0691147450
ISBN-13:
9780691147451
Pub. Date:
04/13/2014
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
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Overview

The Transformation of the World: A Global History of the Nineteenth Century

A comprehensive examination of the nineteenth century, The Transformation of the World offers a panoramic portrait of a world in flux. Jürgen Osterhammel, a scholar who has been called the Braudel of the nineteenth century, moves beyond conventional Eurocentric and chronological accounts of the era to present a sophisticated global history of breathtaking magnitude and towering erudition. From New York to New Delhi, from Latin American revolutions to the Taiping Rebellion, Osterhammel examines myriad powerful and diverse forces that facilitated global change and spearheaded advancement. In the context of increased interconnectivity across vast terrain and ocean, he provocatively evaluates the changing relationship between humans and nature, the importance of cities, and movements that propelled the emergence of new nations.

An indispensable resource, The Transformation of the World offers a fresh perspective on the emergence of global modernity.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780691147451
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Publication date: 04/13/2014
Series: America in the World Series
Edition description: Translated by Patrick Camiller.
Pages: 1192
Product dimensions: 6.60(w) x 9.20(h) x 2.30(d)

Table of Contents

Preface xi

Introduction xv

PART ONE: APPROACHES

I Memory and Self-Observation: The Perpetuation of the Nineteenth Century 3

1 Visibility and Audibility 5

2 Treasuries of Memory and Knowledge 7

3 Observation, Description, Realism 17

4 Numbers 25

5 News 29

6 Photography 39

II Time: When Was the Nineteenth Century? 45

1 Chronology and the Coherence of the Age 45

2 Calendar and Periodization 49

3 Breaks and Transitions 52

4 The Age of Revolution, Victorianism, Fin de Siécle 58

5 Clocks and Acceleration 67

III Space: Where Was the Nineteenth Century? 77

1 Space and Time 77

2 Metageography: Naming Spaces 78

3 Mental Maps: The Relativity of Spatial Perspective 86

4 Spaces of Interaction: Land and Sea 94

5 Ordering and Governing Space 104

6 Territoriality, Diaspora, Borders 107

PART TWO: PANORAMAS

IV Mobilities 117

1 Magnitudes and Tendencies 117

2 Population Disasters and the Demographic Transition 124

3 The Legacy of Early Modern Migrations: Creoles and Slaves 128

4 Penal Colony and Exile 133

5 Ethnic Cleansing 139

6 I nternal Migration and the Changing Slave Trade 144

7 Migration and Capitalism 154

8 Global Motives 164

V Living Standards: Risk and Security in Material Life 167

1 The Standard of Living and the Quality of Life 167

2 Life Expectancy and "Homo hygienicus" 170

3 Medical Fears and Prevention 178

4 Mobile Perils, Old and New 185

5 Natural Disasters 197

6 Famine 201

7 Agricultural Revolutions 211

8 Poverty and Wealth 216

9 Globalized Consumption 226

VI Cities: European Models and Worldwide Creativity 241

1 The City as Norm and Exception 241

2 Urbanization and Urban Systems 249

3 Between Deurbanization and Hypergrowth 256

4 Specialized Cities, Universal Cities 264

5 The Golden Age of Port Cities 275

6 Colonial Cities, Treaty Ports, Imperial Metropolises 283

7 Internal Spaces and Undergrounds 297

8 Symbolism, Aesthetics, Planning 311

VII Frontiers: Subjugation of Space and Challenges to Nomadic Life 322

1 Invasions and Frontier Processes 322

2 The North American West 331

3 South America and South Africa 347

4 Eurasia 356

5 Settler Colonialism 368

6 The Conquest of Nature: Invasions of the Biosphere 375

VIII Imperial Systems and Nation-States: The Persistence of Empires 392

1 Great-Power Politics and Imperial Expansion 392

2 Paths to the Nation-State 403

3 What Holds Empires Together? 419

4 Empires: Typology and Comparisons 429

5 Central and Marginal Cases 434

6 Pax Britannica 450

7 Living in Empires 461

IX International Orders, Wars, Transnational Movements: Between Two World Wars 469

1 The Thorny Path to a Global System of States 469

2 Spaces of Power and Hegemony 475

3 Peaceful Europe, Wartorn Asia and Africa 483

4 Diplomacy as Political Instrument and Intercultural Art 493

5 Internationalisms and the Emergence of Universal Norms 505

X Revolutions: From Philadelphia via Nanjing to Saint Petersburg 514

1 Revolutions--from Below, from Above, from Unexpected Directions 514

2 The Revolutionary Atlantic 522

3 The Great Turbulence in Midcentury 543

4 Eurasian Revolutions, Fin de Siècle 558

XI The State: Minimal Government, Performances, and the Iron Cage 572

1 Order and Communication: The State and the Political 572

2 Reinventions of Monarchy 579

3 Democracy 593

4 Bureaucracies 605

5 Mobilization and Discipline 616

6 Self-Strengthening: The Politics of Peripheral Defensive 625

7 State and Nationalism 629

PART THREE: THEMES

XII Energy and Industry: Who Unbound Prometheus, When, and Where? 637

1 Industrialization 638

2 Energy Regimes: The Century of Coal 651

3 Paths of Economic Development and Nondevelopment 658

4 Capitalism 667

XIII Labor: The Physical Basis of Culture 673

1 The Weight of Rural Labor 675

2 Factory, Construction Site, Office 685

3 Toward Emancipation: Slaves, Serfs, Peasants 697

4 The Asymmetry of Wage Labor 706

XIV Networks: Extension, Density, Holes 710

1 Communications 712

2 Trade 724

3 Money and Finance 730

XV Hierarchies: The Vertical Dimension of Social Space 744

1 Is a Global Social History Possible? 744

2 Aristocracies in (Moderate) Decline 750

3 Bourgeois and Quasi-bourgeois 761

XVI Knowledge: Growth, Concentration, Distribution 779

1 World Languages 781

2 Literacy and Schooling 788

3 The University as a Cultural Export from Europe 798

4 Mobility and Translation 808

5 Humanities and the Study of the Other 814

XVII Civilization and Exclusion 826

1 The "Civilized World" and Its "Mission" 826

2 Slave Emancipation and White Supremacy 837

3 Antiforeignism and "Race War" 855

4 Anti-Semitism 865

XVIII Religion 873

1 Concepts of Religion and the Religious 873

2 Secularization 880

3 Religion and Empire 887

4 Reform and Renewal 894

Conclusion: The Nineteenth Century in History 902

1 Self-Diagnostics 902

2 Modernity 904

3 Again: The Beginning or End of a Century 906

4 Five Characteristics of the Century 907

Abbreviations 921

Notes 923

Bibliography 1021

Index 1119

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