This book explores three themes. The Eisenhower Administration's overriding Cold War goal in the oil-rich Middle East was minimizing Soviet influence. Second, Soviet support for Arab opposition to British colonialism and Israeli Zionism prompted Arab nationalists to embrace neutralism in the Cold War. Third, Eisenhower and Dulles perceived neutral Arab nationalism as virtually tantamount to pro-communism. Syria, the most xenophobic Arab state, was deemed most susceptible to Soviet enticements. This book concludes that U.S. policies in Syria went awry, provoking Syria to collaborate even more closely with the Soviet Union.
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About the Author
BONNIE F. SAUNDERS is Adjunct Professor of History at Springfield College in Springfield, Massachusetts, Teikyo Post University in Waterbury, Connecticut and at Central Connecticut State University in New Britain, Connecticut.
Table of Contents
Abbreviations Used in the Notes
The United States, Arab Nationalism, and Syria Before 1953
A New Cold War Front: Syria and U.S. Fear of Soviet Expansion, 1953-1956
American Intrigue Against Syria
Triangle of Crisis, 1957: Syria, the United States, and Turkey
Conclusion and Aftermath