The Usage-based Study of Language Learning and Multilingualism

The Usage-based Study of Language Learning and Multilingualism

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Overview

When humans learn languages, are they also learning how to create shared meaning? In The Usage-based Study of Language Learning and Multilingualism, a cadre of international experts say yes and offer cutting-edge research in usage-based linguistics to explore how language acquisition, in particular multilingual language acquisition, works.

Each chapter presents an original study that supports the view that language learning is initiated through local and meaningful communication with others. Over an accumulated history of such usage, people gradually create more abstract, interactive schematic representations, or a mental grammar. This process of acquiring language is the same for infants and adults and across varied contexts, such as the family, the classroom, the laboratory, a hospital, or a public encounter. Employing diverse methodologies to study this process, the contributors here work with target languages, including Cantonese, English, French, French Sign Language, German, Hebrew, Malay, Mandarin, Spanish, and Swedish, and offer a much-needed exploration of this growing area of linguistic research.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781626163256
Publisher: Georgetown University Press
Publication date: 05/16/2016
Series: Georgetown University Round Table on Languages and Linguistics Series
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
Pages: 308
File size: 6 MB
Age Range: 18 Years

About the Author

Lourdes Ortega is a professor of linguistics at Georgetown Univeristy. She is the author of Understanding Second Language Acquisition and coauthor of Technology-Mediated TBLT: Researching Technology and Tasks. Andrea Tyler is a professor of linguistics at Georgetown University. She is a coauthor of Language in Use: Cognitive and Discourse Perspectives on Language and Language Learning.Hae In Park is a doctoral student in the Department of Linguistics at Georgetown University.

Marika Uno is a doctoral student in the Department of Linguistics at Georgetown University.

Table of Contents

IllustrationsPreface

1. The Vibrant and Expanded Study of Usage-based Language Learningand MultilingualismLourdes Ortega and Andrea E. TylerPART 1. USAGE-BASED DEVELOPMENT OF LANGUAGE ACROSS THE LIFESPAN2. A Multimodal Approach to the Development of Negation in Signedand Spoken Languages: Four Case StudiesAliyah Morgenstern, Pauline Beaupoil-Hourdel, Marion Blondel, and Dominique Boutet3. Why Don’t You Just Learn it from the Input? A Usage-based CorpusStudy on the Acquisition of Conventionalized Indirect Speech Actsin English and GermanUrsula Kania4. Prepositional Phrases as Manner Adverbials in the Developmentof Hebrew L1 Text ProductionGilad Brandes And Dorit Ravid

5. Negative Constructions in Nonliterate Learners’ Spoken L2 FinnishTaina Tammelin-Laine And Maisa Martin

6. How Do Multilinguals Conceptualize Interactions Among LanguagesStudied? Operationalizing Perceived Positive Language Interaction (PPLI)Amy S. Thompson PART II. THE CORPUS-AIDED, USAGE-BASED STUDY OF LEARNER LANGUAGE

7. A Friendly Conspiracy of Input, L1, and Processing Demands:That-variation in the Language of German and Spanish Learners of EnglishStefanie Wulff8. Measuring Lexical Frequency: Comparison Groups and SubjectExpression in L2 SpanishBret Linford, Avizia Long, Megan Solon, and Kimberly L. Geeslin

9. Article Omission: Toward Establishing How Referents are Trackedin L2 EnglishMonika Ekiert10. Measuring L2 Explicit Knowledge of English Verb-Particle Constructions:Frequency and Semantic Transparency at Two Proficiency LevelsHelen Zhao and Fenfen LePART III. THE EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF USAGE-BASED PROCESSING AND LEARNING11. Can English-Spanish Emerging Bilinguals Use Agreement Morphologyto Overcome Word Order Bias?Silvia Marijuan, Sol Lago, and Cristina Sanz

12. Miniature Artificial Language Learning as a Complementto Typological DataMaryia Fedzechkina, Elissa L. Newport, and T. Florian Jaeger

PART IV. MULTILINGUALISM IN THE WILD: USAGE-BASED INSIGHTS

13. Patterns of Interaction in Doctor-Patient Communicationand Their Impact on Health OutcomesDiana Slade, Christian M.I.M. Matthiessen, Graham Lock, Jack Pun, and Marvin Lam14. Toward a Model of Multilingual UsageMichael Achard and Sarah LeeContributors Index

What People are Saying About This

Nick Ellis

This volume marks the coming of age of usage-based research into multilingual acquisition and its application across languages, learners and contexts. Cutting-edge contributions illustrate the latest methods and theoretical developments.

Dianne Larsen-Freeman

Usage-based linguistics turns our understanding of the nature of language, its use and its development upside down. Its focus on meaning, learning from exemplars, the emergence and entrenchment of constructions, and its acknowledgement of variation make it undeniably one of the most exciting linguistic developments of our time. This volume justifies my enthusiasm: from its application to populations, languages and syntactic structures that are rarely studied, to the introduction, refinement, and use of new methodologies, and its representation of multilingual data and the attitudes of multilinguals, it amply demonstrates why a usage-based approach has so much to offer.

From the Publisher

"This volume marks the coming of age of usage-based research into multilingual acquisition and its application across languages, learners and contexts. Cutting-edge contributions illustrate the latest methods and theoretical developments."—Nick Ellis, University of Michigan

"Usage-based linguistics turns our understanding of the nature of language, its use and its development upside down. Its focus on meaning, learning from exemplars, the emergence and entrenchment of constructions, and its acknowledgement of variation make it undeniably one of the most exciting linguistic developments of our time. This volume justifies my enthusiasm: from its application to populations, languages and syntactic structures that are rarely studied, to the introduction, refinement, and use of new methodologies, and its representation of multilingual data and the attitudes of multilinguals, it amply demonstrates why a usage-based approach has so much to offer."—Diane Larsen-Freeman, Professor Emerita of Linguistics and of Education, University of Michigan

Diane Larsen-Freeman

Usage-based linguistics turns our understanding of the nature of language, its use and its development upside down. Its focus on meaning, learning from exemplars, the emergence and entrenchment of constructions, and its acknowledgement of variation make it undeniably one of the most exciting linguistic developments of our time. This volume justifies my enthusiasm: from its application to populations, languages and syntactic structures that are rarely studied, to the introduction, refinement, and use of new methodologies, and its representation of multilingual data and the attitudes of multilinguals, it amply demonstrates why a usage-based approach has so much to offer.

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