Pub. Date:
University of Minnesota Press
The White Pine Industry in Minnesota: A History

The White Pine Industry in Minnesota: A History

by University Of Minnesota Press, Bradley J. Gills


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“From the first logging operation to the closing of the last mill this book is so thorough, so comprehensive, so well organized, and so useful that it must take its place with the outstanding monographs of economic and western history.” —Journal of Economic History

The old-growth forests of Minnesota, at one time covering 70 percent of the state, played a major role in the development of the Upper Mississippi Valley. Telling the complete history of the white pine industry, Agnes Larson brings us back to a time when Minnesota’s lumber business was thriving. Larsonrecounts the development of the region with a wealth of information, including the building of the railroads and bustling mill towns; the daily lives of lumberjacks, loggers, river-drivers, and jam-breakers; and the final devastation of the forests.

“An excellent contribution to the regional history and historical geography of the Upper Great Lakes area and the upper Mississippi Valley.” —Geographical Review

Agnes M. Larson (1892-1967) was professor of history at St. Olaf College.

Bradley J. Gills is adjunct professor of history at Grand Valley State University.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780816651498
Publisher: University of Minnesota Press
Publication date: 09/04/2007
Series: Fesler-Lampert Minnesota Heritage Series
Edition description: Reprint
Pages: 448
Sales rank: 583,538
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.20(d)

Table of Contents

List of Illustrations     ix
Foreword   Bradley J. Gills     xi
Preface     xvii
The White Pine Industry in Minnesota
County Map of Minnesota     2
Minnesota's Forest Treasure     3
The Lumber Industry Comes to the Upper Mississippi Valley     11
The Home Market Stimulates the Mills at St. Anthony and Winona, 1850-1870     29
The Pinelands of the St. Croix Delta Become the Property of Lumbermen     53
Logging in the St. Croix Forests     71
Rafting and Selling Downriver     86
Railroads Broaden the Market for the White Pine of the Upper Mississippi, 1870-1890     105
Lumber and Logs on the Mississippi after 1870     125
Growth of Sawmills in Minnesota, 1870-1890     147
Logging and Driving, 1870-1890     165
Life in the Woods     192
The Downriver Sawmills Are Stilled     220
The Lumber Industry in Minneapolis Reaches Its Height, 1890-1905     229
The Duluth District Sends Its White Pine Eastward     247
The Pinelands of Northern Minnesota Become Private Property     265
The Operation of National Land Laws in the Pineland Area     289
The Operation of State Laws in the Pineland Area     334
The New Age in Logging and Sawing     349
Marketing and Prices, Especially after 1890     372
The White Pine in the Building of the State     399
Index     416

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