It’s no secret that breastfeeding is the normal, healthy way to nourish and nurture your baby. Dedicated to supporting nursing and expectant mothers, the internationally respected La Leche League has set the standard for educating and empowering mothers in this natural art for generations. Now their classic bestselling guide has been retooled, refocused, and updated for today’s mothers and lifestyles. Working mothers, stay-at-home moms, single moms, and mothers of multiples will all benefit from the book’s range of nursing advice, stories, and information—from preparing for breastfeeding during pregnancy to feeding cues, from nursing positions to expressing and storing breast milk. With all-new photos and illustrations, this ultimate support bible offers
• real-mom wisdom on breastfeeding comfortably—from avoiding sore nipples to simply enjoying the amazing bonding experience
• new insights into old approaches toward latching and attaching, ages and stages, and answers to the most-asked questions
• strategies for moms who choose to breastfeed for a short time or who plan to nurse for a year or more
• reassuring information on nursing after a C-section or delivery complications
• recent scientific data that highlight the many lifelong health benefits of breastfeeding
• helpful tips for building your support network—at home or when back at work
• nursing special-needs infants, premies, multiples, and how to thrive no matter what curveball life throws
• guidance on breast health issues, weight gain, day care, colic, postpartum depression, food allergies, and medications
Plus—Internet references for further information, including La Leche League support sites and groups.
Mothers bringing babies into a new world want sustainable, healthy, positive ways to help their children blossom and thrive. There is no better beginning for your baby than the womanly art of breastfeeding.
|Publisher:||Random House Publishing Group|
|Product dimensions:||9.26(w) x 6.52(h) x 1.15(d)|
About the Author
Read an Excerpt
"When I was two, my mother came home from the hospital cradling two mysterious bundles wrapped in soft blue blankets. One was my new baby brother. She handed me the other. Underneath the folds of that soft blanket was a beautiful doll, which my mother explained would be my special baby. My father followed her with a red wooden rocking chair that he placed near my mother's rocking chair. I vividly recall watching my mother breastfeed my brother, and I followed her every move to be sure that I was feeding my own baby properly, even though my breasts looked nothing like hers. My mother and baby brother gazed at each other adoringly during the feeding. I looked down at my own doll, whose eyes closed when she lay on her back. I wanted that lifeless doll to be real. I told myself, "I can't WAIT to grow up so I can feed my own baby!"
"Twentyfive years later I gave birth to my first child. The day I came home, I sat in our wooden rocking chair, and as I held my son close and nursed him, he opened his eyes to gaze at me. At once, an overpowering recollection of that early childhood memory returned, and tears began to flow as I realized, "THIS is what I have waited my whole life to do!" Cathy, remembering 1981
WELCOME TO OUR "La Leche League meeting in a book"! At a real meeting, you'd see a mix of pregnant women, mothers with new babies, and moms with older babies or children. You'd hear questions from women at different stages of motherhood. Some of it would sound right to you, some of it would answer questions you didn't know you had, and some of it you'd shrug and leave behind. We hope you'll do the same with this book.
The cornerstone of La Leche League (LLL) meetings is addressing questions. While a book can never match sitting around with other mothers, we can address some of the typical questions at different stages, and tell you what mothers often share from their experience, along with the research behind it all.
This first chapter of our "meeting in a book" begins with the questions pregnant mothers often have about breastfeeding. Even if you've already had your baby, the answers to these questions should make you feel good about what you're doing and tell you more about why breastfeeding is such a great thing to do.
"The newborn baby has only three demands. They are warmth in the arms of [his] mother, food from her breasts, and security in the knowledge of her presence. Breastfeeding satisfies all three."
Grantly DickRead, MD, from Childbirth Without Fear, 1955
Is Breastfeeding Right for Me?
The closer you are to meeting your new baby, the more you're probably thinking about what comes after birth. You're "nesting"gathering the things your baby will need and making a place for him in your home. Those outfits are so cute! That changing table is precious! But while you're out shopping, your body is quietly preparing the real "nest" your baby will needyour breasts. They'll be all he really needs at firsthis goto place for warmth, security, comfort, love, and, yes, food. As cute as the outfits and decor are, what your baby will care most about is the way you and your body protect and nurture him.
Breastfeeding is far more than just a way to feed your baby. It's the way you're naturally designed to begin your mothering experience. So why doesn't it always come naturally? Some of your friends may have told you all about their tough experiences. Maybe your mother couldn't breastfeed and you wonder if you'll have trouble, too. The great news is that we've learned a lot since your mother tried. We've learned more about understanding and respecting the instincts that you and your baby both have. We've learned that the fewer interventions you have during birth, the easier these instincts will be to tap into. And La Leche League is always here to help you work through any issues that come up.
Maybe you want to breastfeed because you know it's best; science keeps finding new ways breastfeeding helps babies reach their potential and protect their mothers' health. Maybe you want to because it just feels right; every mother finds for herself all the little ways that breastfeeding brings her close to her children. Whether the urge comes from your head or your heart, breastfeeding is right for you. And it's definitely right for your baby.
How Important Is Breastfeeding, Really?
Extremely! There is almost nothing you can do for your child in his whole life that will affect him both emotionally and physically as profoundly as breastfeeding.
Breastfeeding is also important to our own bodies. We can't think of an aspect of your baby's health that isn't affected by breastfeeding, and it affects a surprising number of your own health issues as well. This would be a much longer book if we described all the ways that breastfeeding is valuable for you, your baby, and your family, but here are a few highlights.
Your Milk Is Your Baby's Normal Food
There's no formula that comes even close to the milk your body creates. Your milk has every vitamin, mineral, and other nutritional element that your baby's body needs, including many that haven't been discovered or named yet, and it changes subtly through the meal, day, and year, to match subtle changes in his requirements. Living cells that are unique to your milk inhibit the growth of harmful bacteria and viruses in his stillmaturing system. And it's more than just living cells. For instance, interferon and interleukins are powerful antiinfectives. If you could buy them, they'd cost the moon. Your milk throws them in, free of charge. A squirt of your milk can even treat eye infections and speed the healing of skin problems!
Without his normal food, a baby is at higher risk of ear infections, intestinal upsets, and respiratory problems. Allergies and dental problems are more common. Vision, nerves, and intestines don't develop fully. Because of all these differences (and many others not listed here), a formulafed baby has a different metabolism and a different development, and gains weight differently during his first year. His kidneys and liver work harder to process the waste products from formula. He needs more of any medication to get the same effect. His immune system's response to vaccinations is less effective. The risk of SIDS (sudden infant death syndrome or crib death) and infant death from many other causes is higher if a baby isn't breastfed.
As an older child or adult, he is at a greater risk of Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, type 1 diabetes, heart disease, and certain cancers. He responds to stress more negatively and has higher blood pressure, both as an infant and in later life. There's a higher risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and osteoporosis in later years. There are numerous IQ studies showing deficits in children who didn't breastfeed, or who didn't breastfeed for long.
Colostrum, the milk you produce in small amounts in the first couple of days after your baby is born (and which you started producing during your pregnancy), has concentrated immunological properties that are your baby's first protection against all the germs he is suddenly exposed to. This "first milk" contains high concentrations of secretory immunoglobulin A, or SIgA, an antiinfective agent that coats his intestines to protect against the passage of germs and foreign proteins that could create allergic sensitivities. Scientists have also recently discovered a new ingredient in human milk called pancreatic secretory trypsin inhibitor (PSTI), which protects and repairs the infant intestine. It's present in all human milk, but it's seven times higher in colostrum, providing extra protection to that delicate and vulnerable newborn intestine. Think of colostrum as a complex paint designed to seal those brandnew intestinal walls (which were, of course, designed to receive it).
Colostrum has an acid level that encourages a baby's intestines to welcome just the right mix of beneficial bacteria. And colostrum is a laxative that gets his intestines up and running and helps clean out all the tarlike stool called meconium that built up in his system before birth.
Mature milk, which phases in during the first two weeks, has a stillunknown number of ingredients that contribute to lifelong health. Along with the interferon, interleukins, white blood cells, and SIgA, the breastfed baby gains an immune system nearly as sturdy as his mother's. Human growth factor continues to develop those intestines, bones, and other organs. Insulin for digestion, longchain fatty acids for a healthy heart, lactose for brain developmentit's all there. And just as important, it's there in forms that are available to a baby. Iron is added to formulas in forms that the baby can't readily use and which can actually be harmful since it increases the risk of intestinal infection, intestinal bleeding, and anemia.
The mechanics of breastfeeding are important, too. When your baby breastfeeds, the muscles in his jaws are exercised and massaged in a way that causes the bones in his face and jaw to develop more fully. The jaw that results from bottlefeeding and pacifiers is narrower, with a higher palate that's more likely to restrict nose breathing. Babies who use pacifiers, instead of soothing themselves at the breast, are more likely to need speech therapy later. The child who breastfeeds for less than a year is much more likely to need orthodontia later on. Snoring and related breathing problems are more common as well.
Your baby can design his own meal to suit his needs. If he's thirsty, he nurses for a shorter amount of time and gets a lower fat milk. Still thirsty? He asks to switch sides sooner and gets another thirstquencher from the other side. Extra hungry? He stays longer on the first side or nurses more vigorously, to pull down more highercalorie fat globules. Going through a growth spurt? If your baby takes more milk than usual, he'll have more milk available the very next time he nurses. If he drinks less than usual, your milk production scales back. Is he moving into toddlerhood and nursing less often? There will be more immune factors in your milk to keep him covered. Did he pick up some germs from the grocery cart handle? He communicates those germs to your breast at his next nursing, and it starts cranking out specialized antibodies. In a whole lot of different ways, your breast is Health Central for your baby.
Breastfeeding Helps Keep You Healthy, Too
Breastfeeding is the natural next step in the reproduction sequence: pregnancy ' birth ' lactation. When your newborn takes your breast soon after delivery, your uterus contracts and bleeding slows. Hemorrhage is a greater risk with formulafeeding, and your belly stays larger longer.
If you breastfeed exclusively (without giving water, solids, or formula) and your baby nurses often, including at least once during the night, then your periods most likely won't come back for at least six months. Your chances of getting pregnant again will be extremely low during that time, too (see Chapter 8 for details).
Breastfeeding helps many (not all) women lose weight readily. Nature gave you some of that pregnancy weight just for the purpose of making milk in the first few months. The natural design is for it to melt away by the time your baby is well started on solids.
Women who haven't breastfed are at greater risk for metabolic syndrome, a cluster of risk factors that makes heart disease and diabetes more likely. If you already have insulindependent diabetes, you're likely to need less insulin while you're a nursing mother.
Breastfeeding is also an insurance policy against breast, uterine, and cervical cancer. (It may be that the lower estrogen level of lactation provides the protection; the longer you breastfeed, the stronger your insurance.) This doesn't mean it's impossible for you to get these cancers if you breastfeed, but you are less susceptible to them. Osteoporosis and fractures are also more common in women who didn't breastfeed.
A formulafeeding mother's blood pressure is likely to be higher, probably because her neurological and endocrine responses are more pronounced than those of a nursing mother. Her overall physical and mental health take a hit as well, and in later years she remains at an increased risk of developing such autoimmune diseases as rheumatoid arthritis.
"I didn't realize what immeasurable joy breastfeeding could give ME. I thought it was supposed to be about giving to the baby, not to the mother. Those hormones just poured into me and I was in a blissedout, euphoric state when I was breastfeeding. And, I have to say, it gave this very unconfident mom something I could finally feel confident and proud of myself for." Samantha
How Reliable Is Breastfeeding Research?
You've probably heard that breastfeeding reduces the risk of infection and a bunch of childhood and adult illnesses and diseases, that it reduces the risk of allergy, and that it even raises IQ. But (are you sitting down?) none of it is true!
Here's why: Let's say we're testing a new drug. We focus on the people who get the drug, with a group of ordinary people to compare them with. That's how we know what the drug did. It made things better or worse than normal. Accurate science focuses on the experiment, not the normal thing. Now think about most of the research on breastfeeding. Exactlyit's research on breastfeeding! And that means that virtually all our recent research was done backward, evaluating what's normal (breastfeeding) instead of evaluating the experiment (formula). It makes the high rates of formulafed illness seem like normal baby health and breastfeeding seem like bonus points.
Breastfeeding doesn't reduce the risk of infection, illness, and disease. It doesn't add IQ points. Breastfeeding results in normal good health and normal IQ. When babies aren't breastfedand this is using the same information from the same studies, just shifting the focus to the true experimental groupthey are at increased risk for all those shortterm and longterm illnesses and diseases.
Researchers have inadvertently hidden formula problems from us by focusing on the apparently fabulous "benefits" of human milk and breastfeeding, almost as if breastfeeding is a nice but unnecessary "extra." That's starting to change. More and more research articles are using the normal breastfed baby as the starting point, as good science requires, and are looking at what happens to babies when their normal system is altered. It can be a scary way for the public to look at infant feedingto see a list of risks instead of a list of "benefits." But it's a more honest, accurate approach, and it's the one we've used.
Breastfeeding doesn't give you brownie points. It's simply the normal way to raise a baby.
"Breastfeeding is a 'safety net' against the worst effects of poverty..."
Table of Contents
|Part 1||Planning to Breastfeed||1|
|Chapter 1||Why Choose Breastfeeding?||3|
|A Special Journey|
|Best for Baby--Best for You|
|The Key to Good Mothering|
|Chapter 2||Plans are Underway||17|
|Plans for the Baby's Birth|
|Health Professionals Who Care|
|Preparing to Breastfeed|
|What to Wear--Nursing Fashions|
|Chapter 3||Your Network of Support||33|
|La Leche League Meetings|
|Why Do You Need Support?|
|How Do I Find La Leche League?|
|Part 2||The Early Months||43|
|Chapter 4||Your Baby Arrives||45|
|Baby's First Feeding|
|Breastfeeding in Slow Motion|
|Other Breastfeeding Positions|
|Engorgement--When the Milk "Comes In"|
|How Long to Nurse?|
|Leaving the Hospital|
|Chapter 5||At Home With Your Baby||67|
|Babies Are to Love|
|How Many Times Do I Feed the Baby?|
|Is Baby Getting Enough?|
|Caring for Your Baby|
|Taking Care of Mother|
|Going Out? Take Baby Along|
|Chapter 6||A Time to Learn||91|
|Why Is My Baby Crying?|
|Babies Who Are Colicky|
|Babies, Beds, and Sex|
|Chapter 7||Common Concerns||109|
|Avoiding and Treating Sore Nipples|
|Moist Wound Healing|
|Sore Nipples in Later Months|
|Pumping and Storing Your Milk|
|Breast Problems: Sore Breasts, Plugged Ducts, and Mastitis|
|Breast Lumps and Breast Surgery|
|Is Your Baby Getting Enough Milk?|
|The Baby Who Is Pleasingly Plump|
|Did You Ever Hear of a Nursing Strike?|
|Part 3||Going Back to Work||147|
|Chapter 8||Breastfeeding and Working||149|
|Benefits of Breastfeeding|
|Some Practical Hints|
|Feeding Tips for the Sitter|
|Establish a Routine|
|Who Will Take Care of the Baby?|
|Chapter 9||Making a Choice||167|
|The Mother-Child Relationship|
|Take One Step at a Time|
|Choosing to Stay Home|
|Part 4||Life As a Family||181|
|Chapter 10||The Manly Art of Fathering||183|
|Fathers Get Involved|
|Fathers and Breastfeeding|
|What Can Fathers Do?|
|Husband and Wife--A Parenting Team|
|Chapter 11||Meeting Family Needs||193|
|Housework and a New Baby|
|Time for the Other Little Ones|
|Developing a Parenting Style||193|
|Chapter 12||Nutritional Know-How||205|
|The Basic Approach|
|How to Eat Well|
|Special Hints for Nursing Mothers|
|Weight Loss and Exercise|
|Part 5||As Your Baby Grows||221|
|Chapter 13||Ready for Solids||223|
|Go Slowly at First|
|What Foods to Choose|
|Chapter 14||Weaning Gradually, With Love||233|
|More Than Milk|
|What If I Want to Wean My Baby?|
|Pregnant and Nursing?|
|Chapter 15||Discipline is Loving Guidance||255|
|Setting the Stage|
|Discipline and Punishment|
|Normal Toddler Traits|
|A Look Ahead|
|Part 6||Special Situations||269|
|Chapter 16||Problems at the Beginning||271|
|Breastfeeding after a Cesarean Birth|
|What If Your Baby Is Jaundiced?|
|Hypoglycemia in Newborns|
|If Your Baby Is Premature|
|A Baby with Special Needs|
|The Baby with Down Syndrome|
|A Baby with a Cleft Lip or Palate|
|Cystic Fibrosis and Other Metabolic Conditions|
|When a Baby Dies|
|Chapter 17||When Extra Care is Needed||295|
|Multiple Births--Multiple Blessings|
|Relactation and Induced Lactation|
|If Your Baby Gets Sick|
|Slow Weight Gain|
|What If Mother Is Ill?|
|Medications and Other Substances|
|Mothers with Special Problems|
|Part 7||Why Breast is Best||337|
|Chapter 18||Human Milk for Human Babies||339|
|How Your Baby Grows|
|Unique Milk for a Unique Species|
|Human Milk: An Arsenal Against Illness|
|Nature's Vaccine for the Newborn|
|More Reasons to Breastfeed|
|Chapter 19||How Breastfeeding Affects A Mother||371|
|How the Breast Gives Milk|
|Guaranteed High-Quality Milk|
|Breastfeeding and Your Reproductive Cycle|
|Part 8||Mothers Helping Mothers||389|
|Chapter 20||About La Leche League||391|
|How It All Began|
|How LLL Can Help You|
|About This Book and Its Authors|
|La Leche League's Influence|
|A Final Word--From the Founders|
|Books That We Publish|
|Other Helpful Books|
|Breast Pumps and Other Products|
|Organizations That Offer Support|
|Web Sites That Are Helpful|
|Marmet Technique of Manual Expression|