The X Corps in Korea, December 1950 by Richard Stewart
“Carps are the Army’s largest tactical units, the instruments with which higher echelone of command conduct maneuver at the. operational level” GP 100-5, Operations, May 19%). The corps staff is the principal planning and eoardinating agency upon which the corps commander relies for the detailed preparation and oversight of hia operatians. It is the collective brain af the corps. It is useful to examine the performance of a corps staff required by fortune to respond to rapidly shifting circumstances of combat. During the Korean War in 1950, the Army’s X Corps was faced with such circumstances, including the necessity to retreat and conduct a forced evacuation by sea, surely care of war% most difficult situations. Led by Major General Edward MI. Almond, X Corps cansiated of the 1st Marine Division and two Army divisions. After the Inchon landing and the capture af Seoul, X Carps landed ‘s northeast coast and moved inland, where it was forced to retreat by Chinese troops. X Corps, nonetheless, fought its way back to the coast and was evacuated by ship at the port of Hungnam.