Theatres of Independence is the first comprehensive study of drama, theatre, and urban performance in post-independence India. Combining theatre history with theoretical analysis and literary interpretation, Aparna Dharwadker examines the unprecedented conditions for writing and performance that the experience of new nationhood created in a dozen major Indian languages and offers detailed discussions of the major plays, playwrights, directors, dramatic genres, and theories of drama that have made the contemporary Indian stage a vital part of postcolonial and world theatre.The first part of Dharwadker's study deals with the new dramatic canon that emerged after 1950 and the variety of ways in which plays are written, produced, translated, circulated, and received in a multi-lingual national culture. The second part traces the formation of significant postcolonial dramatic genres from their origins in myth, history, folk narrative, sociopolitical experience, and the intertextual connections between Indian, European, British, and American drama. The book's ten appendixes collect extensive documentation of the work of leading playwrights and directors, as well as a record of the contemporary multilingual performance histories of major Indian, Western, and non-Western plays from all periods and genres. Treating drama and theatre as strategically interrelated activities, the study makes post-independence Indian theatre visible as a multifaceted critical subject to scholars of modern drama, comparative theatre, theatre history, and the new national and postcolonial literatures.
About the Author
Aparna Dharwadker is associate professor of theatre and drama at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Her work on contemporary Indian theatre and comparative postcolonial theatres has appeared in such journals as PMLA, Modern Drama, New Theatre Quarterly, Theatre Journal, Theatre India, and Theatre Research International. She has held research fellowships from the National Endowment for the Humanities, the American Institute of Indian Studies, the Folger Library, and the Newberry Library, among others.
Table of ContentsContents Acknowledgments Author's Note Abbreviations 1. Postcolonial Frames and the Subject of Modern Indian Theatre Part I: The Field of Indian Theatre after Independence 2. The Formation of a New "National Canon" 3. Authorship, Textuality, and Multilingualism 4. Production and Reception 5. Orientalism, Cultural Nationalism, and the Erasure of the Present Part II 6. Myth, Ambivalence, and Evil 7. The Ironic History of the Nation 8. Realism and the Edifice of Home 9. Alternative Stages 10. Intertexts and Countertexts Appendixes Appendix 1 Appendix 2 Appendix 3 Appendix 4 Appendix 5 Appendix 6 Appendix 7 Appendix 8 Appendix 9 Appendix 10 Notes Bibliography Index