Theorizing Criminal Justice: Eight Essential Orientations / Edition 2

Theorizing Criminal Justice: Eight Essential Orientations / Edition 2

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Waveland Press, Inc.


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Theorizing Criminal Justice: Eight Essential Orientations / Edition 2

By presenting articles on criminal justice grouped according to eight theoretical orientations, including criminal justice as politics, as growth complex, and as oppression, Kraska (Eastern Kentucky University) encourages students to analyze the theories that have informed various practices and to recognize their intellectual underpinnings. According to the author, "While the theoretical orientations outlined here have some similarity to 'models,' they are primarily interpretive constructs designed to guide the assignment of meaning to criminal justice trends and issues." Annotation ©2004 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781577666639
Publisher: Waveland Press, Inc.
Publication date: 04/01/2010
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 360
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents

1Criminal Justice Theory: Why Ask Why?1
Varieties of Theory3
Theoretical Orientations as Metaphor5
What Is Our Object of Study?7
The Practicality of Theory9
Theoretical Awakening10
Eight Theoretical Orientations11
2Criminal Justice as Rational/Legalism19
Rational/Legal Thinking and Assumptions20
Defenders of Our Response to Crime21
Article 1Of Crimes and Punishments23
Article 2To Secure These Rights29
Article 3Deadly Myths about Crime and Punishment in the United States31
3Criminal Justice as a System41
The Garden Pond: Systems Theory and Concepts41
The Criminal Justice Organism and System Thinking42
Contributions to Our Understanding43
One Orientation, Two Strains44
Article 4Origins of the Contemporary Criminal Justice Paradigm: The American Bar Foundation Survey, 1953-196946
Article 5Science and Technology and the Criminal Justice System69
4Criminal Justice as Crime Control vs. Due Process79
Packer's Ambivalence about the Criminal Justice System81
Value Clash: A Catalyst for Critique and Thought82
From Forced Reaction to Choosing to Act83
Article 6Two Models of the Criminal Process85
Article 7Crime Control, Due Process and "The Case for the Prosecution": A Problem of Terminology?101
5Criminal Justice as Politics105
Thinking Politically: The Pursuit of Interests106
Leftist and Rightist Ideology in Criminal Justice107
Is Wright Right?107
The Symbolism of Getting Tough108
Two Directions108
Article 8Ideology and Criminal Justice Policy: Some Current Issues110
Article 9The Desirability of Goal Conflict within the Criminal Justice System121
Article 10Crime, Culture, and Political Conflict126
6Criminal Justice as Socially Constructed Reality137
Intellectual Foundation: The Interpretive School138
Criminal Justice as Drama140
Criminal Justice as Moral Panic141
Myths and Criminal Justice142
A Point of Departure142
Article 11The Police: Mandate, Strategies, and Appearances145
Article 12Chicano Youth Gangs and Crime: The Creation of a Moral Panic156
Article 13Inventing Criminal Justice: Myth and Social Construction167
7Criminal Justice as Growth Complex177
The Notion of a Growth Complex177
The Growth Complex Explained179
Merging Complexes183
Article 14The Corrections-Commercial Complex186
Article 15The Crime Control Industry and the Management of the Surplus Population197
8Criminal Justice as Oppression215
Intellectual/Historical Context216
Expansive and Diverse Coverage219
Socialism, Critique and Praxis: A New Eclecticism221
Bias and Subtlety222
Article 16Feminism and Criminology225
Article 17Feminist Theory, Crime, and Justice234
Article 18Affirmative Race Law245
Article 19Poverty and the Criminal Process257
Article 20Crime Control in the Capitalist State261
Article 21Crisis and Control271
9Criminal Justice as Late Modernity
Understanding Criminal Justice through Late Modern Lenses278
Five Key Themes280
An Intellectual Project284
Article 22Crime Control and Social Order286
Article 23The New Penology: Notes on the Emerging Strategy of Corrections and Its Implications302

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