They Almost Killed Hitler

They Almost Killed Hitler

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Overview

Originally published in 1947, this book chronicles the assassination attempts on Adolf Hitler, both of which Fabian von Schlabrendorff, a major leader in the resistance against Hitler, played a direct role.

The first attempt took place on 13 March 1943: During a visit by Adolf Hitler to Army Group Center Headquarters in Smolensk, Schlabrendorff smuggled a time bomb, disguised as bottles of cognac, onto the aircraft which carried Hitler back to Germany. The bomb detonator failed to go off, however, most likely due of the cold in the aircraft luggage compartment. Schlabrendorff managed to retrieve the bomb the next day and elude detection.

A further attempt followed on 20 July 1944: Claus von Stauffenberg and other conspirators, including Schlabrendorff, attempted to kill Hitler inside his Wolf’s Lair field headquarters near Rastenburg, East Prussia, in what would become known as Operation Valkyrie. The plot was the culmination of the efforts by several groups in the German resistance to overthrow the Nazi German government. The failure of the assassination and the military coup d’état which was planned to follow led to the arrest of at least 7,000 people by the Gestapo—including Schlabrendorff—of whom 4,980 were executed.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781787207189
Publisher: Arcole Publishing
Publication date: 07/19/2017
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
Pages: 127
File size: 5 MB

About the Author

FABIAN LUDWIG GEORG ADOLF KURT VON SCHLABRENDORFF (1 July 1907 - 3 September 1980) was a German jurist, soldier, and member of the resistance against Adolf Hitler.

He was trained as a lawyer and later joined the German Army. As a lieutenant in the reserves, he was promoted to serve as adjutant to Col. Henning von Tresckow, a major leader in the resistance against Adolf Hitler. He joined the resistance and acted as a secret liaison between Tresckow in Russia and Ludwig Beck, Carl Goerdeler, Hans Oster, and Friedrich Olbricht in Berlin, taking part in various coup d’état plans and plots.

On 13 March 1943, his attempt to assassinate Hitler by smuggling a bomb onto his aircraft failed, and he managed to elude detection; however, he was arrested following the next failure, the 20 July Plot. He was sent to Gestapo prison and was brought before the Nazi People’s Court (Volksgerichtshof) on February 3, 1945, but an American air raid killed Judge-President Roland Freisler. Between February-May 1945, Schlabrendorff was moved from one concentration camp to another: Sachsenhausen, Flossenbürg, Dachau, Innsbruck. In late April 1945. He was transferred to Tyrol together with about 140 other prominent inmates of the Dachau concentration camp, where the SS-Guards fled after being confronted by a regular German Wehrmacht unit led by Wichard von Alvensleben. He was eventually liberated by the Fifth U.S. Army on 5 May 1945.

From 1967 to 1975, he was a judge of the Constitutional Court of West Germany, the country’s highest tribunal. He died in 1980, aged 73.

GERO VON SCHULZE-GAEVERNITZ (27 September 1901 - 6 April 1970) was a German economist. He became a crucial assistant of Allen Dulles in Europe and was awarded the U.S. Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1945 for his skillful negotiations in Ascona, Switzerland, for the surrender of a million Nazi forces in World War II, with specific reference to Italy (Operation Sunrise).

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