Thinking Critically About Ethical Issues / Edition 7

Thinking Critically About Ethical Issues / Edition 7

by Vincent Ruggiero
ISBN-10:
0073535680
ISBN-13:
9780073535685
Pub. Date:
04/13/2007
Publisher:
McGraw-Hill Higher Education
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Overview

Thinking Critically About Ethical Issues / Edition 7

This accessible text emphasizes doing ethical analysis rather than focusing on ethical theory or the history of ethics. Ruggiero's readers are invited to apply ethical principles to issues that exemplify the kinds of moral challenges encountered in everyday life.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780073535685
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education
Publication date: 04/13/2007
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 216
Product dimensions: 5.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.40(d)

Table of Contents

Part I: THE CONTEXT
CHAPTER 1 - THE NEED FOR ETHICS
Why do we need ethics if we have laws?
Ethics defined
Ethics and religious belief
The need for ethics
Preliminary guidelines
Doing research on the Internet
Making discussion meaningful
Sample responses
Inquiries
CHAPTER 2 - THE ROLE OF THE MAJORITY VIEW
A sample situation
The majority can err
Sample response
Inquiries
CHAPTER 3 - THE ROLE OF FEELINGS
How feelings came to be emphasized
Are feelings reliable?
A better guide is needed
Sample response
Inquiries
CHAPTER 4 - THE ROLE OF CONSCIENCE
Conscience and shame
Individual differences
The shapers of conscience
Natural endowment
Social conditioning
Moral choice
A balanced view of conscience
Sample response
Inquiries
CHAPTER 5 - COMPARING CULTURES
Differences among cultures
Interpreting the differences
The similarity of values
Is judgment appropriate?
Three important cautions
Inquiries
Part II: A STRATEGY
CHAPTER 6 - A FOUNDATION FOR JUDGMENT
Assessing ought statements
Oughts in ancient cultures
Governmental oughts
Organizational oughts
Our own everyday oughts
The principle of right desire
The principle of contradiction
Challenges to judgment
Relativism
Absolutism
Inquiries
CHAPTER 7 - THE BASIC CRITERIA
A fundamental good: respect for persons
Three basic criteria
Obligations
Moral ideals
Consequences
Analyzing ethical issues
Step 1: Study the details of the case
Step 2: Identify the relevant criteria
Step 3: Determine possible courses of action
Step 4: Decide which action is most ethical
The case ofProfessor Woebegone
Analysis 1: The details of the case
Analysis 2: Relevant criteria
Analysis 3: Possible courses of action
Analysis 4: The most ethical action
The case of Horace's house
Analysis 1: The details of the case
Analysis 2: Relevant criteria
Analysis 3: Possible courses of action
Analysis 4: The most ethical action
A caution about generalizing
Avoiding other errors
"Mine is better" thinking
Double standard
Unwarranted assumptions
Oversimplifications
Hasty conclusions
Inquiries
CHAPTER 8 - CONSIDERING OBLIGATIONS
When obligations conflict
Weighing the obligations
Two moral dilemmas
The Alabama syphilis case
Thoroughness is important
Inquiries
CHAPTER 9 - CONSIDERING MORAL IDEALS
Important moral ideals
Prudence
Justice
Temperance
Courage
Loving kindness
Integrity
Forgiveness
Repentance
Reparation
Gratitude
Beneficence
Ideals in conflict
The Munich incident
The issue of affirmative action
Ideals versus obligations
Inquiries
CHAPTER 10 - CONSIDERING CONSEQUENCES
Dealing with probability
Making the analysis thorough
Three difficult questions
A caution
Dealing with dilemmas
Inquiries
CHAPTER 11 - DETERMINING MORAL RESPONSIBILITY
How free are our choices?
When culpability is diminished
Ethics and law
More typical cases
Heroism not required
Inquiries
Part III: THE TRADITION
CHAPTER 12 - A PERSPECTIVE ON HISTORY
The classical period
The medieval period
The modern period
The ethics of duty
The ethics of consequences
Great issues in ethics
Inquiry
Part IV: CONTEMPORARY ETHICAL CONTROVERSIES
Education
Media and the arts
Sex
Government
Law
Business
Medicine
Science
War
AFTERWORD: A SUGGESTION FOR FURTHER STUDY
APPENDIX
A: WRITING ABOUT MORAL ISSUES
B: AVOIDING PLAGIARISM

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