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|Publisher:||AMS Press, Inc.|
|Product dimensions:||6.50(w) x 1.50(h) x 9.50(d)|
Read an Excerpt
IV. "OUR COLORED BRETHREN." It is well, sometimes, for students of the science of government to notice how great statesmen have viewed certain questions of great national importance, and to ask themselves how some of the greatest and wisest of these men would act were they to-day the custodians of all the best interests of the American continent. A subject of inexpressibly vast importance to the people of the United States, to which Jefferson gave deep, heart-felt, and prayerful consideration, was one respecting the well-being of those whom he called " our colored brethren." He formed some far-reaching conclusions which are worthy of the most serious consideration of the statesmen of modern times. Upon the system of negro slavery which prevailed in his day in the United Statesespecially in the Southern Stateshe looked with abhorrence, and with feelings of the gravest apprehension as he considered the effect which it would some day have upon the welfare of his country. In the year 1775, having been taken ill while on his way to the Continental Congress, he forwarded to his fellow statesmen, for the inspection of such of them as cared to look at his written opinion respecting America's controversy with England, an essay, entitled " The Rights of Englishmen in America." Some members of Congress, less cautious than others, published the essay, and the eloquent Edmund Burke, with some alterations, repub- lished it in England. The English Government in impotent displeasure placed Jefferson's name on a proscribed list. In this pamphlet, or book, Jefferson indignantly declared that, " The abolition of domestic slavery is the great object of desire in those colonies, where it was,unhappily, introduced in their infant state. But previous to the enfranchisement of the slave...