On June 7, 1610, less than one thousand Europeans lived permanently in North America above Mexico. They had outposts only around Quebec City, St. Augustine, and Santa Fe. Yet thirty years later, thirty thousand Europeans lived in the United States and Canada and controlled substantial territory along the east coast and in New Mexico. What happened?
Three Bloody, Diseased, Deadly Decades: A History, the Beginning of Modern Canada and the United States, The Struggle between Indigenous Americans and Europeans, What Really Happened, 1610–1640 is the first book devoted to these three decades when indigenous Americans first permanently lost significant land to Europeans and modern Canada and the United States began. It recounts how the European population grew slowly at first, then exponentially; how the Montagnais, Algonkin, and Huron allied with the French against the Mohawk; why Plymouth survived at all; why the Boston Bay Company landed successfully; how the Pequot lost the lower Connecticut River Valley; how the Dutch claimed the tidal Hudson River; why the failure of the Powhatan uprising and John Rolfe’s tobacco led to English domination in tidewater Virginia; and how Spanish established hegemony in coastal Georgia, northern Florida, and central New Mexico.
Calvin D. Trowbridge, Jr., is the author of two books on North America above Mexico from Columbus in 1492 to 1640 and a biography of Marconi, the inventor of long-distance wireless communication. Three Bloody, Diseased, Deadly Decades will benefit all who are interested in American and Canadian history.