On July 1, 1959, at Ypsilanti State Hospital in Michigan, the social psychologist Milton Rokeach brought together three paranoid schizophrenics: Clyde Benson, an elderly farmer and alcoholic; Joseph Cassel, a failed writer who was institutionalized after increasingly violent behavior toward his family; and Leon Gabor, a college dropout and veteran of World War II.
The men had one thing in common: each believed himself to be Jesus Christ. Their extraordinary meeting and the two years they spent in one another’s company serves as the basis for an investigation into the nature of human identity, belief, and delusion that is poignant, amusing, and at times disturbing. Displaying the sympathy and subtlety of a gifted novelist, Rokeach draws us into the lives of three troubled and profoundly different men who find themselves “confronted with the ultimate contradiction conceivable for human beings: more than one person claiming the same identity.”
About the Author
Milton Rokeach (1918–1988) was born in Hrubieszów, Poland, and at the age of seven moved with his family to Brooklyn. He received his BA from Brooklyn College in 1941. In the same year he began in the fledgling social psychology program at the University of California at Berkeley, but his studies were interrupted by a stint in the U.S. Army Air Forces Aviation Psychology Program. He returned to Berkeley in 1946 and received his PhD in 1947. Rokeach became a professor of psychology at Michigan State University and subsequently taught at the University of Western Ontario, Washington State University, and the University of Southern California. His famous psychological study The Three Christs of Ypsilanti (1964) has been made into a screenplay, a stage play, and two operas. His other major books are The Open and Closed Mind (1960), Beliefs, Attitudes, and Values (1968), and The Nature of Human Values (1973). Rokeach received the Kurt Lewin Memorial Award from the Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues in 1984 and the Harold Lasswell Award from the International Society of Political Psychology in 1988.
Rick Moody was born in New York City in 1961. He is the author of five novels, three collections of stories, and a memoir, The Black Veil. His work has been widely anthologized. He has taught at Bennington College, SUNY Purchase, New York University, and the New School for Social Research. He lives in Brooklyn, New York.
Table of Contents
Prologue The Encounter 3
Chapter I The Problem of Identity 19
Chapter II Who They Were 37
Chapter III "That's Your Belief, Sir" 50
Chapter IV Through the Looking Glass 75
Chapter V Days and Nights at Ypsilanti 93
Chapter VI The Rotating Chairmanship 109
Chapter VII Exit Dr.Rex 123
Chapter VIII R.I.D. 133
Chapter IX Protecting the Stronghold 155
Chapter X The Flora and Fauna Commission 173
Chapter XI The Problem of Authority 189
Chapter XII Enter Madame Dung 200
Chapter XIII Madame God Makes a Few Suggestions 211
Chapter XIV A Research Assistant Becomes God 231
Chapter XV The Lonely Duel 241
Chapter XVI Dad Makes a Few Suggestions 259
Chapter XVII The Loyalty Test 287
Chapter XVIII Reports to Nobody 300
Chapter XIX The Striving for Goodness and for Greatness 309
Most Helpful Customer Reviews
this is the story of three men who thought they were Christ. a psychiatrist put them in a room together and let them work out their identity. who is REALLY Christ? that was the question. a masterpiece.