Three Decades of HIV/AIDS in Asia

Three Decades of HIV/AIDS in Asia

by Jai P Narain (Editor)


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9788132109075
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Publication date: 10/18/2012
Pages: 468
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 8.60(h) x 1.60(d)

About the Author

Jai P Narain is Coordinator/Regional Adviser on HIV/AIDS and TB programmes at WHO’s Regional Office for South-East Asia (SEARO), New Delhi. He has an MBBS and an MD from the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi, and a master’s in public health and in epidemiology from Harvard University, Boston. Associated with HIV/AIDS and TB prevention and control programmes since 1988, he has held positions at PAHO/AMRO Caribbean Epidemiology Centre (1988–90) and WHO, Geneva (1990–91). He has been with SEARO since 1991 where he has also served as Team Leader, Global Programme on AIDS (1991–95). Dr. Narain has also worked at prestigious institutions like the National Institute of Communicable Diseases, AIIMS, the Indian Council of Medical Research and Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta. He has published extensively and has edited/authored several books on various aspects of communicable diseases, mainly HIV/AIDS and TB.

Table of Contents

List of Figures ix

List of Tables xiii

List of Abbreviations xv

Message from the Regional Director, WHO/SEARO xxi

Preface xxiii

Acknowledgements xxvii

1 Three Decades of HIV/AIDS in Asia: Achievements, Lessons Learnt and Opportunities Ahead Jai P. Narain Iyanthi Abeyewickreme Razia Pendse Sangay Thinley 1

2 Epidemiology and Transmission Dynamics of the HIV Epidemic in Asia Renu Garg Dongbao Yu Jai P. Narain 20

3 Natural History of HIV Infection Rajesh Bhatia 37

4 Emerging Issues in HIV and TB Prevention: Role of Antiretrovirals for Prevention Ying-Ru Lo Suwat Chariyalertsak Reuben Granich Amitabh Suthar Rachel Baggaley Jai P. Narain 51

5 National Response to HIV/AIDS in Cambodia: A Health Sector Perspective Mean Chhi Vun Masami Fujita Seng Sopheap Magdalena Barr-DiChiara Ouk Vichea Ly Penh Sun 74

6 HTV/AIDS in China: The Response and Challenges Xu Peng Zeng Gang Liu Kangmai Lu Fan 92

7 HIV/AIDS in India: The Epidemic and National Response M. Shaukat D. C. S. Reddy Partha Haldar Rajesh Kumar 107

8 The Rising Epidemic of HIV in Pakistan: Challenges to a Comprehensive Response Faran Emmanuel Naeem Akhtar James F. Blanchard 124

9 Evolving Responses to HIV/AIDS in Thailand: Lessons Learnt Supachai Rerks-Ngarm Sombat Thanprasertsuk Prayura Kunasol 139

10 HIV in Viet Nam Fabio Mesquita David Jacka Keith Sabin Masaya Kato Nguyen Thi Minh Thu Van T. T. Nguyen Nguyen Thien Nga 152

11 Maintaining Low Levels of HIV For Three Decades: Case Studies from Bangladesh and Sri Lanka Tasnim Azim Lilani Rajapaksa 167

12 Epidemiology of Sexually Transmitted Infections in South-East Asia and Public Health Approach to Their Prevention and Control Chandrika Wickramasuriya Iyanthi Abeyewickreme Antonio Gerbase Igor Toskin 186

13 Interventions with Sex Workers: From the 100% Condom Use Programme to Community Empowerment Wiwat Rojanapithayakom Smarajit Jana Richard Steen 201

14 The HIV Epidemic among People Who Inject Drugs in Asia: Progress and Unresolved Issues Mukta Sharma Anindya Chatterjee 220

15 The Epidemic of HIV among Men Who Have Sex with Men and Transgender Populations in India Natasha Dawn Ashok Row Kavi Po-Lin Chan 238

16 Averting HIV Transmission Through Safe Blood in the South-East Asia Region of Who Rajesh Bhatia Sangay Thinley 257

17 Eliminating Mother-To-Child HIV Transmission in Thailand Tanarak Plipat Sombat Thanprasertsuk 267

18 Clinical Management of HIV/AIDS: Current Guidelines for Diagnosis and Treatment Bharat Bhushan Rewari Po-lin Chan 278

19 HIV Drug Resistance in Asia: An Emerging Problem? Devidas N. Chaturbhuj Srikanth P. Tripathy Ramesh S. Paranjape Jai P. Narain 316

20 Priority Areas for HIV/AIDS Operational Research in Asia Padmini Srikantiah 337

21 Enhancing Access to Antiretroviral Drugs in Developing Countries Ranjit Roy Chaudhury 353

22 HIV Vaccine Development in Asia Jean-Louis Excler Punnee Pitisuttithum Vadakkuppatu Devasenapathi Ramanathan Linqi Zhang 364

23 Implications and Feasibility of Commercial Health Insurance for People Living With HIV In India Indrani Gupta Mayur Trivedi Shalini Rudra William Joe Benoy Peter Ravi Subbiah 386

About the Editor and Contributors 407

Index 427

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