Tower of Babel: The Evidence against the New Creationism / Edition 1by Robert T. Pennock
Pub. Date: 02/28/2000
Publisher: MIT Press
In Tower of Babel, philosopher Robert Pennock compares the views of the new creationists with those of the old and reveals the insubstantiality of their arguments. One of Pennock's major innovations is to turn from biological evolution to the less-charged subject of linguistic evolution, which has strong theoretical parallels with biological evolution both in content and in the sort of evidence scientists use to draw conclusions about origins.
Several chapters deal with the work of Phillip Johnson, a highly influential leader of the new creationists. Pennock explains how science uses naturalism and discusses the relationship between factual and moral issues in the creationism-evolution controversy. The book also includes a discussion of Darwin's own shift from creationist to evolutionist and an extended argument for keeping private religious beliefs separate from public scientific knowledge.
Table of Contents
1 Creation and Evolution of a Controversy
Speciation in Progress?
A Brief History of Creationism
Factions within the Tower
New Fields of Battle
The Nature of the Controversy
2 The Evidence for Evolution
Bonobos and Biologists
A Guided Tour of the Museum of Creation
Proofs and Evidences
Darwin's Own Evolution
Some PostDarwinian Developments
How Could Beings Evolve "By Chance"?
"Is Man an Ape or an Angel?"
3 The Tower of Babel
The Evolution of Languages and Species
"Evolution Is Never Observed"
"Where Are the Missing Links?"
"Science Cannot EXplain X"
"Evolution Is Just a Theory"
Is It All Simply a Matter of Faith?
4 Of Naturalism and Negativity
Duels and Dualists
Johnson against the "Dogma of Naturalism"
Methodological Naturalism and Evidence
Methodological Naturalism versus Theistic Science
Revolutions and Revolutionaries
5 Chariots of the Gods
God's Charioteers in the Stadium of Science
EXtraterrestrial Intelligent Design
Redesigning the Argument from Design
A Day at the Chariot Races
6 Deus eX Machina
Time for a Paradigm Shift?
A Brief History of Supernatural EXplanation
Scientific EXplanation Lost and Found
The Prospects for a Supernatural "Theistic Science"
"Super Natural" EXplanations
God in the Machine?
7 Burning Science at the Stake
The Devil's Chaplain?
Creationism's Crisis of Meaning
The "Evil Fruits" of Evolution
Johnson on the Modernist Naturalist Worldview
IsEvolution to Blame for the Loss of Values?
Calming the Creationist's Fears
Can We Seek Meaning Together?
Committing Darwinism to the Flames
8 Babel in the Schools
Creationism in the Science Classroom
Educational and Political Values
Science's Epistemic Values
Values in Harmony or in Conflict?
A Final Look at Creationism's Tower of Babel
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