Toxicology Handbook

Toxicology Handbook

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Toxicology Handbook by Lindsay Murray, Mark Little, Ovidiu Pascu, Kerry Anne Hoggett

An updated guide to the approach, assessment and management of poisoned patients Poisoning is a common emergency department presentation, and is the third major cause of hospital admission in Australia. The new edition of this all-encompassing toxicology reference describes the risk assessment-based approach pioneered by its principal authors. The Toxicology Handbook is written for hospital-based doctors at all levels and is divided into six sections, including an approach to the poisoned patient, specific toxins, antidotes, toxinology and antivenom. It also deals with specific toxicology considerations like alcohol abuse, dependence and withdrawal, and poisoning in children and the elderly. Important locally relevant information on bites, stings and envenoming is also included. The concise layout of this didactic medical guide enables readers to quickly locate required information – essential in a poisoning emergency. Established as a primary reference in Australian Poisons Information Centres, the Toxicology Handbook is useful for doctors, nurses, ambulance service paramedics and pharmacists alike.

• all chapters and references reviewed and updated
• a major review of snake bite management and snake antivenoms in light of new evidence
• new chapters on mushroom poisoning, plant poisoning, amphetamine abuse and solvent abuse
• new chapters on poisoning with newer anticonvulsant drugs, barbiturates, button batteries, chloral hydrate, local anaesthetic agents, quinine and tramadol
• a new antidote chapter on intravenous lipid emulsion
• book chapters have been reorganised for enhanced clinical usability – for example, consolidation of drugs of abuse
• now available in an enhanced electronic format

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780729579391
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Publication date: 12/30/2010
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
Pages: 529
File size: 5 MB

Table of Contents

Section 1: Introduction

  • Who are the authors
  • Scope of the book
    • Handbook of acute management of common poisonings.
    • Hands on and practical approach.
    • Rationale for drugs included

  • How to use the book
  • Universal disclaimer

Clinical: Approach to the poisoned patient

  • Overview of approach to toxicology/toxinology
  • Principles of risk assessment-based approach
  • Resuscitation, Risk assessment, Supportive care, Decontamination, Investigations, Enhanced elimination, Antidotes, Disposition

Section 2: Approach to specialist toxicology problems

  • Approach to special problems: Approach to snakebite, mushroom poisoning, plant poisoning
  • Toxidromes: Serotonin syndrome, Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome, anticholinergic syndrome, cholinergic syndrome
  • Important poisoning manifestations and management: Seizures, coma, hypotension, delirium and agitation
  • Drugs of abuse and withdrawal syndromes: Alcohol, amphetamines, opiods, sedative hypnotics, body packers and stuffers
  • Investigations: Laboratory results: acidosis, anion gap and osmolar gap, recommended baseline investigations with interpretation. Unit conversion table: ECG interpretation in poisoning: Radiology.
  • Special populations: Paediatric poisoning: 1 tablet can kill (list), special precautions in management (overnight stay, paracetamol, risk of charcoal etc); Pregnancy and lactation and poisoning; and Geriatric poisoning

Section 3: Toxic Drugs (78 chapters)

  • Approach to diagnosis, investigation and management of the poisoned patient with all of the common drug presentations. Updated with 8 new drug chapters as per readers nominations and feedback

Section 4: Antidotes (29 chapters)

  • Detailed description of indications, contraindications, clinical administration and therapeutic end-points for all antidotes. New chapter on Intralipid, the latest development in antidote therapy

Section 5: Toxinology (16 chapters)

  • Approach to snakebite, spider and marine envenoming. New chapter on tick envenoming

Section 6: Antivenom (11 chapters)

  • Detailed description of indications, contraindications, clinical administration and therapeutic end-points for all antivenoms

Appendices Sample ECGs from poisoned patients; Drug concentrations and unit conversion chart; Guide to the management of allergic reaction to antivenom

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