Based on Bentley and Ziegler's best-selling, comprehensive survey text, Traditions & Encounters: A Brief Global History provides a streamlined account of the cultures and interactions that have shaped world history. The text's strong hallmark themes of traditions (the formations and development of the world's major societies) and encounters (cross-cultural interactions and exchanges) bring focus to the human experience and help turn the giant story of world history into something more manageable to teach and learn. At the same time, an effective part structure organizes developments into seven eras of global history, putting events into perspective and creating a framework for cross-cultural comparisons. With an engaging narrative, visual appeal, extended pedagogy, and a strong emphasis on critical thinking, this concise version offers enhanced flexibility and affordability without sacrificing the features that have made the complete text a favorite among instructors and students alike.
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About the Author
Jerry H. Bentley is professor of history at the University of Hawaìi and editor of the Journal of World History. His research on the religious, moral, and political writings of Renaissance humanists led to the publication of Humanists and Holy Writ: New Testament Scholarship in the Renaissance (Princeton, 1983) and Politics and Culture in Renaissance Naples (Princeton, 1987). More recently, his research has concentrated on global history and particularly on processes of cross-cultural interaction. His book Old World Encounters: Cross-Cultural Contacts and Exchanges in Pre-Modern Times (New York, 1993) examines processes of cultural exchange and religious conversion before the modern era, and his pamphlet Shapes of World History in Twentieth-Century Scholarship (Washington, D.C., 1996) discusses the historiography of world history. His current interests include processes of cross-cultural interaction and cultural exchanges in modern times.
Herbert F. Ziegler is an associate professor of history at the University of Hawai'i. He has taught courses on world history for the last 19 years and is currently the director of the world history program at the University of Hawai'i. For several years, he also served as the book review editor of the 'Journal of World History'. His interest in twentieth-century European social and political history led to the publication of 'Nazi Germany's New Aristocracy (1990)'. He is at present working on a study that explores uncharted aspects of German society, especially the cultural manifestations of humor and satire in the Nazi era. His other current research project focuses on the application of complexity theory to a comparative study of societies and their internal dynamics.
Heather Streets Salter is Associate Professor of History at Washington State University, where she teaches World History at the graduate and undergraduate levels. She received her Ph.D. in the History of the British Empire at Duke University in 1998. She is director of the WSU History department's World History Ph.D. program, and director of Washington State University's undergraduate World Civilizations program. She served as an area editor for the Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World, published in 2008 by Oxford University Press. Recent publications include Martial Races: The Military, Race, and Masculinity in British Imperial Culture, 1857-1914, published in 2004 by Manchester University Press. Her forthcoming book (co-authored with Trevor Getz), Imperialism in the Modern World, will be published by Pearson in 2010.
Table of Contents
Part I: The Early Complex Societies, 3500 to 500 B.C.E.Chapter 1: The Foundations of Complex Societies The Transition to Agriculture The Quest for OrderThe Formation of a Complex Society and Sophisticated Cultural Traditions The Broader Influence of Mesopotamian Society The Indo-European Migrations Chapter 2: Early African Societies and the Bantu MigrationsEarly Agricultural Society in Africa The Formation of Complex Societies and Sophisticated Cultural Traditions Bantu Migrations and Early Agricultural Societies of Sub-Saharan AfricaChapter 3: Early Societies in South and East Asia Harapan SocietyThe Indo-European Migrations and Early Aryan IndiaReligion in the Vedic AgePolitical Organization in Early ChinaSociety and Family in Ancient ChinaEarly Chinese Writing and Cultural DevelopmentAncient China and the Larger WorldChapter 4: Early Societies in the Americas and OceaniaEarly Societies of MesoamericaEarly Societies of South America Early Societies of Oceania
Part II: The Formation of Classical Societies, 500 B.C.E. to 500 C.E. Chapter 5: The Empires of Persia The Rise and Fall of the Persian EmpiresThe Achaemenid EmpireImperial Society and EconomyReligions of Salvation in Classical Persian Society Chapter 6: The Unification of China In Search of Political and Social OrderThe Unification of ChinaFrom Economic Prosperity to Social Disorder Chapter 7: State, Society, and the Quest for Salvation in India The Fortunes of Empire in Classical IndiaEconomic Development and Social DistinctionsReligions of Salvation in Classical IndiaChapter 8: Mediterranean Society under the Greeks and RomansEarly Development of Greek SocietyGreece and the Larger WorldThe Fruits of Trade: Greek Economy and SocietyThe Cultural Life of Classical GreeceFrom Kingdom to RepublicFrom Republic to EmpireEconomy and Society in the Roman MediterraneanThe Cosmopolitan Mediterranean Chapter 9: Cross-Cultural Exchanges on the Silk RoadsLong-Distance Trade and the Silk Roads NetworkCultural and Biological Exchanges along the Silk RoadsChina after the Han DynastyThe Fall of the Roman Empire
Part III: The Post-Classical Era, 500 to 1000 C.E. Chapter 10: The Commonwealth of ByzantiumThe Early Byzantine EmpireByzantine Economy and SocietyClassical Heritage and Orthodox ChristianityThe Influence of Byzantium in Eastern Europe Chapter 11: The Expansive Realm of IslamA Prophet and His WorldThe Expansion of IslamEconomy and Society of the Early Islamic WorldIslamic Values and Cultural ExchangesChapter 12: The Resurgence if Empire in East AsiaThe Restoration of Centralized Imperial Rule in ChinaThe Economic Development of Tang and Song ChinaCultural Change in Tang and Song ChinaChinese Influence in East AsiaChapter 13: India and the Indian Ocean BasinIslamic and Hindu KingdomsProduction and Trade in the Indian Ocean BasinThe Meeting of Hindu and Islamic TraditionsThe Influence of Indian Society in Southeast Asia
Part IV: An Age of Cross Cultural Interaction, 1000 to 1500 C.E. Chapter 14: Nomadic Empires and Eurasian Integration Turkish Migrations and Imperial ExpansionThe Mongol EmpiresAfter the MongolsChapter 15: States and Societies of Sub-Saharan Africa Effects of Early African MigrationsAfrican Society and Cultural DevelopmentIslamic Kingdoms and EmpiresChapter 16: Western Europe during the Middle Ages The Quest for Order and the Establishment of Regional StatesEconomic Growth and Social DevelopmentEuropean Christianity during the High Middle AgesThe Medieval Expansion of EuropeChapter 17: World Apart: Beyond the Eastern HemisphereStates and Empires in Mesoamerica and North AmericaStates and Empires in South AmericaThe Societies of Oceania Chapter 18: Reaching Out: Cross-Cultural Interactions Long-Distance Trade and TravelCrisis and RecoveryExploration and Colonization
Part V: The Origins of Global Interdependence, 1500-1800 Chapter 19: Transoceanic Encounters and Global Connections The European Reconnaissance of the World's OceansTrade and Conflict in Early Modern AsiaGlobal Exchanges Chapter 20: The Transformation of Europe The Fragmentation of Western ChristendomThe Consolidation of Sovereign StatesEarly Capitalist SocietyScience and EnlightenmentChapter 21: New Worlds: The Americas and OceaniaColliding WorldsColonial Society in the AmericasEuropeans in the PacificChapter 22: Africa and the Atlantic WorldAfrican Politics and Society in Early Modern TimesThe Atlantic Slave TradeThe African DiasporaChapter 23: Tradition and Change in East AsiaThe Quest for Political StabilityEconomic and Social ChangesThe Confucian Tradition and New Cultural InfluencesThe Unification of JapanChapter 24: The Islamic EmpiresFormation of the Islamic EmpiresImperial Islamic SocietyThe Empires in Transition
Part VI: An Age of Revolution, Industry and Empire, 1750-1914 Chapter 25: Revolutions and National States in the Atlantic WorldPopular Sovereignty and Political UpheavalThe Influence of RevolutionThe Consolidation of National States in EuropeChapter 26: The Making of Industrial SocietyPatterns of IndustrializationIndustrial SocietyGlobal Effects of IndustrializationChapter 27: The Americas in the Age of IndependenceThe Building of American StatesAmerican Economic DevelopmentAmerican Cultural and Social DiversityChapter 28: The Building of Global EmpiresFoundations of EmpireEuropeans ImperialismThe Emergence of New Imperial PowerLegacies of Imperialism
Part VII: Contemporary Global Realignments Chapter 29: The Great War: The World in UpheavalThe Drift Toward WarGlobal WarThe End of the War Chapter 30: An Age of Anxiety Probing Cultural FrontiersGlobal DepressionChallenges to the Liberal OrderChapter 31: Nationalism and Political Identities in Asia, Africa, and Latin America Asian Paths to AutonomyAfrica under Colonial DominationLatin American Struggles with Neocolonialism Chapter 32: New Conflagrations: World War IIOrigins of World War IITotal War: The World Under FireLife During WartimeNeither Peace nor WarChapter 33: The Cold War and DecolonizationThe Formation of a Bipolar WorldDecolonization and the Global Cold WarFrom Dissent to Dissolution in the Cold WarChapter 34: A World without BordersGlobal World EconomyCross-Cultural Exchanges and Global CommunicationsGlobal ProblemsCrossing Boundaries
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