Transboundary Risk Governance

Transboundary Risk Governance

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Taylor & Francis
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Transboundary Risk Governance

Governing environmental risk, particularly large-scale transboundary risks associated with climate change and pollution, is one of the most pressing problems facing society .

This book focuses on a set of key questions relating to environmental regulation: How are activities regulated in a fragmented world - a world of nation states, regulators, domestic and international law and political contests - and one in which a range of actors, such as governments, corporations and NGOs act in order to influence regulations in specific policy areas? How are complex and trans-boundary environmental issues managed? What role does expert knowledge play in regulating this kind of issues? What give rules authority? In short, how do actors try to render an issue governable?

Drawing on regulation theory, discourse theory and science and technology studies, and employing original research, the authors analyse the regulation of four kinds of complex and trans-boundary environmental issues: oil protection in the Baltic Sea, mobile phones and radiation protection, climate change adaptation and genetically modified crops. The outcomes include insights for policymakers, regulators and researchers into how dominant frames are constructed, legitimate actors are configured and authority is established. This in turn exposes the conditions for, and possibility of, developing regulation, making authoritative rules and shaping relevant knowledge in order to govern complex environmental risks.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781844077915
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Publication date: 11/28/2009
Series: Earthscan Risk in Society Series
Edition description: 1
Pages: 176
Product dimensions: 6.30(w) x 9.20(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents

About the authors ix

Preface xi

Foreword Alan Irwin xiii

List of abbreviations xix

1 Regulating Risk in a Fragmented World 1

A regulatory renaissance? 1

Towards political destabilization? 4

Or towards political stabilization? 6

Towards cognitive destabilization? 8

Or towards cognitive stabilization? 10

Research design 11

Outline of the book 15

2 Making Rules and Shaping Knowledge 17

Making rules 18

Who make rules? 18

What should be regulated? 21

Shaping knowledge 22

Contested knowledge and epistemic authority 24

The shaping of agency in regulatory processes 26

Frames and narratives 27

Conclusion: Frames, actors and knowledge 29

3 Mobile Telephony and Radiation Protection: Regulating Risk or Local Self-Governance 31

Science and regulations on radiofrequency electromagnetic fields 33

The scientific controversy and its closures 34

International and European guidelines and recommendations 35

A common Nordic approach 37

The controversy in Sweden: The meaning and scope of knowledge and rules 38

Testing the boundaries of the law and the precautionary principle 39

Precautionary debates at another arena 42

Concluding discussion 47

Notes 51

4 Oil Transport in the Baltic Sea: Environmental Protection and the Freedom of the High Seas 53

Regulation of the sea transport of oil and the notion of PSSA 54

The impact of tanker disasters 55

The PSSA guidelines 56

The designation of the "Western European waters as a PSSA 57

The Baltic Sea as a PSSA 59

The PSSA process - a review 59

The Baltic Sea - a sea at risk 61

PSSA - a Swedish concern? 62

The role and scope of associated protective measures 64

Definition ofactors, roles and competences 65

Concluding discussion 67

Notes 70

5 Climate Change Adaptation: Regulation under Formation 73

The framing of climate change and climate adaptation 74

International regulatory framework 75

Defining climate change: Distinctions, expectations and implications 77

The notion of adaptation 78

Climate change adaptation in Sweden 79

Climate change adaptation: A disregarded issue 79

The creation of an informal network 81

The Government Commission on Climate and Vulnerability 82

Climate adaptation - actors, issues and responsibilities 84

The distinction between climate variability and climate change 85

The municipalities and climate change adaptation 86

Concluding discussion 87

Notes 89

6 Regulating Coexistence: The Creation of New Discursive Sites for the Battle over GM Crops 91

Regulatory developments in the EU and the turn towards 'coexistence' 92

EC recommendation: National rules for coexistence 95

Rationales behind diverging coexistence policies 97

The rationale behind Sweden's proposed coexistence measures 98

The Swedish process for deciding on coexistence measures 99

'Trust in numbers' and the shaping of relevant knowledge 101

Questioning the rationale behind the proposed safety measures 102

How to improve public involvement and ensure consumer choice 105

Concluding discussion 107

Notes 109

7 Co-producing Frames, Actors and Knowledge 113

Characterizing the regulatory fields studied 114

Frames and controlling narratives 118

The construction of agency 122

Establishing epistemic authority 125

Concluding discussion 131

References 133

Index 147

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