Transforming Participation?: The Politics of Development in Malawi and Ireland

Transforming Participation?: The Politics of Development in Malawi and Ireland

by N. Gaynor


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Transforming Participation?: The Politics of Development in Malawi and Ireland by N. Gaynor

Do participatory processes open a political space to marginalized groups and individuals? Or do they co-opt and coerce groups to reinforce existing inequitable relations? In an innovative comparative study which breaks with tradition this book explores these questions by looking at Malawi and Ireland.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780230238947
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan UK
Publication date: 04/14/2010
Series: Rethinking International Development series
Edition description: 2010
Pages: 247
Product dimensions: 5.60(w) x 8.50(h) x 0.80(d)

About the Author

NIAMH GAYNORis Lecturer in International Development at Dublin City University, Ireland. She previously workedfor a number of years in Bénin and then as a freelance researcher with NGOs and community groups in both Ireland and Africa.

Table of Contents

List of Tables ix

Preface and Acknowledgements x

List of Abbreviations xiii

Introduction Participation and Development-Beyond the Impasse? 1

Participation contested 4

Malawi's PRSP/MGDS and Ireland's Social Partnership 10

Methodological approach 15

The arrangement of the book 17

Part I Participation in Context

1 Globalisation, Governance and Participation 21

State legitimacy and the network state 22

States, power and civil society 29

Manufacturing civil society 34

Working with, not for: Conscientisation and organic leadership 45

Conclusion 49

2 Malawi and Ireland in a Globalised World 51

Development paradigms and pathways 52

Governance legacies 56

Citizens or subjects?: Political culture 61

Conclusion 69

3 Analysing Participation: A Theoretical Framework of Analysis 70

Institutional frameworks 71

Power and discourse 74

Communication and decision-making 77

Representation and democracy 85

Conclusion 88

Part II Participation in Practice

4 The Dynamics of Participation in Malawi and Ireland 93

Institutional design: Differential access 93

Internalising discourses: Excluding members 106

Communication within: Restricting expression 120

Communication without: The power of public debate 123

Consensus decision-making: True or false? 128

Conclusion: Enablers and constraints to transformative participation 133

5 The State and Participation in Malawi and Ireland 136

Layering governance: State participation 137

Spinning participation: Globalised states and 'invisible' governments 140

Contracting participation: Securing domestic legitimacy 147

Conclusion: Spinning participation, contracting partners, diluting democracy? 162

6 Civil Society and Participation in Malawi and Ireland 165

Transforming participation: Initial engagement 166

Disciplining participation: Ongoing engagement 173

Transforming participation?: MEJN as organic leader? 193

Conclusion: Janus-headed NGOs and transformative Participation 200

Part III Transforming Participation?: Conclusion

7 Transforming Participation?: The Politics of Development in Malawi and Ireland 205

Transforming participation: Some practical lessons 207

Transforming participation: Some conceptual lessons 213

Transforming participation, choosing our path 219

Notes 222

Bibliography 227

Index 242

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