Transport Revolutions: Moving People and Freight Without Oil / Edition 2

Transport Revolutions: Moving People and Freight Without Oil / Edition 2

by Richard Gilbert
4.0 1
ISBN-10:
0865716609
ISBN-13:
9780865716605
Pub. Date:
05/01/2010
Publisher:
New Society Publishers
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Overview

Transport Revolutions: Moving People and Freight Without Oil / Edition 2

Modern societies rely upon prodigious amounts of oil for transport activity. The impacts over the near term of increasing oil scarcity and higher prices on transport will be among the major challenges facing humanity and will require a revolution in thinking about how we move people and goods.

Transport Revolutions analyzes five prior episodes of rapid and radical change in the way people and goods travel. It examines the worldwide state of transport today, especially its energy use and impacts, positive and negative. The authors then show how ample movement of people and freight could be sustained beyond 2025 with much-reduced dependence on oil, focusing on the United States and China. Preparations for the end of cheap oil include:

  • Substantial use of electricity for land transport, particularly through direct powering of vehicles
  • Use of wind to power water transport
  • Radical changes in aviation
  • Restructuring how transport is financed and managed

Written for transport professionals, those with a business interest in transport, and planners and policymakers, this book will appeal to anyone with an interest in how transport will evolve in the years ahead.

Richard Gilbert is a consultant on transport and energy and the author of numerous books, including several for the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development.

Anthony Perl is a professor of political science and urban studies at Simon Fraser University. He has co-edited and co-authored four books, including New Departures: Rethinking Rail Passenger Policy for the Twenty-First Century and The Integrity Gap: Canada’s Environmental Policy and Institutions .

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780865716605
Publisher: New Society Publishers
Publication date: 05/01/2010
Edition description: Second Edition
Pages: 432
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents

Preface to First Edition vii

Preface to Second Edition xi

Introduction: Transport Revolutions Ahead 1

What is in this Book 1

Who Could Benefit from this Book, and How 5

Sources and Terminology 10

Chapter 1 Learning from Past Transport Revolutions 13

Overview 13

Britain's Railway Revolution of 1830 to 1850 17

The Great Wartime Pause in Motorization in the US 24

The Big Switch in Transatlantic Travel in the 1950s 33

The High-Speed Rail Revolution of 1960 to 1985 41

The Air Freight Revolution of 1980 to the Present 53

Reflections on Past Revolutions 58

Chapter 2 Transport Today 63

Introduction 63

How People Move Locally 67

How People Move Across Distances 88

How Freight Moves 96

Transport Tomorrow? 105

Chapter 3 Transport and Energy 111

Introduction 111

Oil and Its Future 112

Events of 2008: Reality Checks 121

Alternatives to Oil Products 131

Electric Vehicles 147

Generating Enough Electricity for Transport 162

Chapter 4 Transport's Adverse Impacts 169

Introduction 169

Global Environmental Impacts 171

Local and Regional Environmental Impacts 187

Adverse Societal and Economic Impacts 210

Relative Impacts of Transport Modes and Means of Traction 220

Chapter 5 The Next Transport Revolutions 223

Setting the Scene for 2025 223

Scenarios for 2025 for the US 229

Implementing Transport Redesign in the US 237

Scenarios for 2025 for China 260

Electricity Generation in the US and China 274

Moving into the Future 277

Chapter 6 Leading the Way Forward 281

The Wake-Up Call Provided by an Oil Price Shock 282

Examining Strands of the Recent Economic Unraveling 286

Global Economic Crisis 289

Transport's Position in the Vicious Cycle of Limited Oil Supply and Economic Distress 290

The Neglect of Transport in Searching for Cures for the Recession 293

Rescuing Chrysler and General Motors 295

Other US Steps Toward Creating New Mobility Options 298

Actions by the Government of China Suggest How to Break the Vicious Cycle 302

China Appears Poised between Virtuous and Vicious Cycles 306

Concluding Remarks 307

Appendix A List of Acronyms and Abbreviations 313

Notes and References 317

Index 423

About the Authors 433

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