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The trauma-sensitive schools movement is the result of a confluence of forces that are changing how educators view students' academic and social problems, including the failure of zero tolerance policies to resolve issues of school safety, bullying, and academic failure, as well as a new understanding of adolescents' disruptive behavior. In this follow-up to her bestseller, Trauma-Sensitive Schools, Susan Craig provides secondary school teachers and administrators with practical ideas for how to improve students' achievement by implementing a trauma-sensitive approach to instruction. Along with clear explanations of the role that childhood adversity and trauma play in determining academic success, readers will find dozens of concrete strategies to help them.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780807758250
Publisher: Teachers College Press
Publication date: 09/01/2017
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 176
Sales rank: 138,304
Product dimensions: 5.90(w) x 8.80(h) x 0.20(d)

About the Author

Susan E. Craig, PhD is an independent consultant to school systems nationwide on topics such as inclusion, effects of violence, trauma-sensitive schools, positive behavior support, differentiated instruction, and integrated therapies. Dr. Craig's blog ( is read by educators from around the world.

Table of Contents

Foreword Jim Sporleder ix

Introduction 1

The Adolescent Brain 2

Design of the Book 3

Conclusion 4

1 Trauma-Sensitive Secondary Schools 5

The Importance of the Trauma-Sensitive Schools Movement 5

A New Vision for Promoting Adolescent Resilience 9

Implications for Educational Reform 13

Conclusion 15

2 Addressing the Many Faces of Adolescent Trauma 16

The Prevalence of Trauma and Its Effects on Adolescent Neural Development 16

Trauma and Marginalization 22

Healing Trauma Through Inclusion: What Schools Can Do 25

Implications for Educational Reform 28

Conclusion 30

3 Remodeling the Adolescent Brain for Adulthood 31

Neural Development in Adolescence 31

Changes in Cognitive Functioning Related to Neural Changes 35

Threats to Successful Remodeling 41

Implications for Educational Reform 44

Conclusion 45

4 Re-Traumatization on the Streets 46

Types of Adolescent Victimization 46

From Victim to Offender 49

Trauma as a Gateway Drug 52

Implications for Educational Reform 55

Conclusion 56

5 The Neurobiology of Interdependence 57

Attachment, Individuation, and Trauma 57

Attachment and Behavior 62

Attachment and Social Interdependence 65

Adult Patterns of Attachment 68

Implications for Educational Reform 70

Conclusion 72

6 The Teacher's Role in Trauma-Sensitive Schools 74

Designing Trauma-Sensitive Instruction 74

Implementation of a Tiered System of Support 79

The Value of Collaborative Partnerships with Students 83

Implications for Educational Reform 85

Conclusion 87

7 Trauma and Resilience 88

Fostering a Culture of Connection 88

Facilitating Positive Peer Interactions 91

Resilience and Adversarial Growth 94

Implications for Educational Reform 96

Conclusion 98

8 The Effects of Secondary Trauma on Teachers' Lives 99

Sources of Teacher Stress 99

The Buffering Effects of Training 101

Promoting Teacher Resilience 104

Implications for Educational Reform 107

Conclusion 109

9 Next Steps: Managing the Necessary Changes to School Policies and Practices 110

Changing the Culture of Secondary Schools 110

Targeted and Necessary Administrative Leadership and Support 113

Creating an Action Plan for Implementation 115

Implications for School Reform 118

Conclusion 120

Appendix A Resources for Professional Development 121

Appendix B Finding Your ACE Score 126

References 128

Index 145

About the Author 158

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