The study of the Egyptian civilization has drastically renewed itself in recent years thanks to the contribution of historians, linguists and African Egyptologists whose work focuses on the indisputably African origin of this civilization. The famous Cairo Symposium of 1974 (UNESCO) is seen as the starting point of the recovery of this African heritage. However, it is clear that the African academic institutions are quite slow to include Egyptology as a field of study in university and elementary school curricula. If such action is undertaken, it will have the advantage of educating international opinion in general and African opinion in particular on the scientific achievements made in this discipline. Not only Africa is the indisputable "Cradle of Humankind", as evidenced by facts, but this Continent also reflects the emergence of the most brilliant civilization the world has ever known: the Egyptian civilization. Maat, the concept to which this essay is devoted, is the idea behind this civilization.