Tropospheric Ozone: Human Health and Agricultural Impacts
Tropospheric ozone has long been recognized as a major environmental concern. Levels of ozone concentration have grown dramatically and the effects of ozone exposure have been examined in virtually thousands of studies worldwide. This timely new reference presents the state of the art in ozone regulation, human health effects, agricultural implications, and the economics of ozone reduction. Tropospheric Ozone guides you through the history of air pollution legislation and cites government initiatives to reduce ozone emissions. Ozone concentration data is supplied for a variety of geographic regions in examining the causes of ozone concentration and its potential effects on human populations, crops, and forests. Important issues such as crop yield, plant growth, and crop losses due to exposure are addressed, which will help develop an understanding of the economic implications of agricultural damage. New information is presented regarding risk assessment and human monitoring studies. EPA guidelines are reviewed, and potential health problems associated with ozone exposure are discussed in a practical, informative format. This valuable reference will benefit air pollution engineers, environmental consultants, government agency employees, regulators, industry professionals, health professionals, crop and soil scientists, environmental health and safety professionals, risk assessment professionals, and students in the environmental sciences.
Ozone Effects, Exposure, Risk, and Regulation: Introduction and Background of the Ozone Problem (D.J. McKee). Concentrations of Ozone in the Lower Troposphere (T.R. McCurdy). Acute and Cronic Health Effects of Ozone (S.M. Horvath and D.J. McKee). Human Exposure to Ambient Ozone (T.R. McCurdy). Health Risk Assessment of Ozone (R.G. Whitfield, H.M. Richmond, S.R. Hayes, A.S. Roserbaum, T.S. Wallsten, R.L. Winkler, M.L.G. Absil, and P. Narducci). Effects of Ozone on Crops (D.T. Tingey, D.M. Olszyk, A.A. Herstrom, and E.H. Lee). Perspectives on Tropospheric Ozone Pollution: The Clean Air Act Amendments...EPAs Role in Abating Ozone Air Pollution (G.T. Helms, A. Nikbakht, and W.P. Beal). The Effects of Photochemical Air Pollution on People (D.V. Bates). A Local Programs Initiatives to Reduce Ozone Levels (R.P. Stewart). Costs of Attaining Ozone Ambient Air Quality Standards (F.L. Bunyard). The Federal Enforcement Role in Controlling Ozone (D.S. Jacobs). Ozone Health Effects-A Public Health Perspective (R.H. White). Ozone Policy from a Petroleum Industry Perspective: Lessons Learned, Future Directions (T. Yosie, H. Feldman, T. Hogan, and W. Ollison).