The variety of approaches to the concept of trust in philosophy reflects the fact that our worries are diverse, from the Hobbesian concern for the possibility of rational cooperation to Wittgenstein's treatment of the place of trust in knowledge. To speak of trust is not only to describe human action but also to take a perspective on it and to engage with it.
Olli Lagerspetz breathes new life into the philosophical debate by showing how questions about trust are at the centre of any in-depth analyses of the nature of human agency and human rationality and that these issues, in turban, lie at the heart of philosophical ethics.
Ideal for those grappling with these issues for the first time, Trust, Ethics and Human Reason provides a thorough and impassioned assessment of the concept of trust in moral philosophy.
About the Author
Olli Lagerspetz is Senior Lecturer in Philosophy at Åbo Academy, Finland.
Table of Contents
1 Trust and our worries with it
Trust and reason: Friends or foes?
On how to write about what trust 'is'
The need for reflexivity
Trust and reliance
Normative and non-normative conceptions of trust
What happens next?
2 Trust and Hobbesian reason
The Hobbesian dilemma
Trust as risk management
A game-theoretic solution
Critique of game theory: The need for a social framework
Trustworthiness and encapsulated interests
Is this trust? – A caveat
Trust and strategic reason, and where to go from here
The metaphysics of interests
3 Vulnerability and entrusting
Baier's ambiguous critique of rationalism
The theory of trust as entrusting
Entrusting and simple trust
Factual and ethical vulnerability
The notion of possibility
A Novel from the 21st Century
Trusting and being trusted
4 The time dimension
Prisoners' Dilemma revisited
Timelessness in non-formal treatments of trust
Trust as an interpretative activity
Normality in ongoing interaction
Methodological timelessness and methodological individualism
5 'Trust' as an organizing tool
Is trust a psychological state?
The 'dys-appearance' of trust
First- and third-person perspectives
The need for challenge
6 Communication, truthfulness, trust
Communication as manipulation and mindreading
The testimony debate
The norm of truthfulness
Løgstrup: Trust in conversation
'Image' vs real presence
The place of 'trust' in different ideas of language
7 Basic trust
Trust as a response to scepticism
A self-deception theory of basic trust
Paranoia and scepticism
'The substratum of all my enquiring and asserting'
Meeting the other in trust: Weil and Løgstrup
Ideas of basic trust in context