Turkish accession to the European Union is an important but controversial item on the agenda of the European Union. By focusing on the various domestic sources that drive Turkish politics, this comprehensive study of both classic and new topics supported by fresh, new insights fills a void in the current literature on Turkey-EU relations.
This volume is a comprehensive, state of the art study of domestic politics and policies and their role in Turkey’s EU accession. Contributions are obtained from established scholars, acknowledged for their expertise in their respective fields. The content is structured along issues, dynamics, actors and policies that drive Turkish politics and it provides an integrated assessment of the dynamics in Turkey-EU relations to general readers, students and specialists in EU Enlargement and Turkish politics alike.
Original contributions to ‘classic’ topics such as the customs union, human rights, military, civil society, public and elite opinion, political parties and the Kurdish issue are made by assessing the domestic sources of recent developments during the negotiations period. In addition, ‘new’ topics are included that previously have not been covered or analyzed in volumes on Turkish-EU relations such as the Alevi issue, European Turks, corruption in Turkey, and Turkish parliamentary elite opinion on Turkey and the EU.
This book was published as a special issue of South European Society and Politics.
About the Author
Gamze Avcı is a lecturer at University College Utrecht at Utrecht University in the Netherlands. She received her MA, PhD, at the University of Georgia in the US and her MSc from the London School of Economics. Her areas of research are primarily Turkey’s relationship with the European Union and Turkish immigration to Western Europe.
Ali Çarkoğlu is a professor of political science at the College of Administrative Sciences and Economics at Koç University, Istanbul, Turkey. He received his Ph.D. at State University of New York-Binghamton in 1994. His areas of research interest are comparative politics, voting behavior, public opinion and party politics in Turkey.
Table of Contents
Part 1: Historical Perspectives 1. Introduction: Taking Stock of the Dynamics that Shape EU Reforms in Turkey Gamze Avcı and Ali Çarkoğlu 2. Speeding up or Slowing down? Lessons from the Last Enlargement on the Dynamics of Enlargement-Driven Reform Antoaneta L. Dimitrova 3. The EU – Turkey Customs Union Fifteen Years Later: Better, Yet not the Best Alternative Kamil Yılmaz 4. Challenges of Triangular Relations: The US, the EU, and Turkish Accession Sabri Sayarı Part 2: Political Change through EU Reforms 5. The Turkish – EU Odyssey and Political Regime Change in Turkey Ersin Kalaycıoğlu 6. Turkish Foreign Policy, its Domestic Determinants and the Role of the European Union Meltem Müftüler-Baç 7. The Impact of EU-Driven Reforms on the Political Autonomy of the Turkish Military Yaprak Gürsoy 8. Is Corruption a Drawback to Turkey’s Accession to the European Union? Fikret Adaman Part 3: Human Rights and Minorities 9. Human Rights and Turkey’s EU Accession Process: Internal and External Dynamics, 2005-10 William Hale 10. The Kurdish Issue in Turkey: Limits of European Union Reform Kemal Kirisçi 11. A Precarious Relationship: The Alevi Minority, the Turkish State and the EU Ali Çarkoğlu and Nazlı Çağın Bilgili Part IV: Mass Public Opinion, Elites and Civil Society 12. Diagnosing Trends and Determinants in Public Support for Turkey’s EU Membership Ali Çarkoğlu and Çiğem Kentmen 13. Interacting Actors: The EU and Civil Society in Turkey Ahmet İçduygu 14. The Turkish Parliamentary Elite and the EU: Mapping Attitudes towards the European Union Sait Akşit, Özgehan Şenyuva and Işık Gürleyen Part V: Political Parties 15. The Justice and Development Party and the EU: Political Pragmatism in a Changing Environment Gamze Avcı 16. The Republican People’s Party and Turkey’s EU Membership Ödül Celep 17. The Nationalist Movement Party’s Euroscepticism: Party Ideology Meets Strategy Gamze Avcı Part VI: The European Response 18. Between Reason and Emotion: Popular Discourses on Turkey’s Membership of the EU Bernard Steunenberg, Simay Petek and Christiane Rüth 19. Turkish Accession and Defining the Boundaries of Nationalism and Supranationalism: Discourses in the European Commission Senem Aydın Düzgit and Semin Suvarierol 20. Turcoscepticism and Threat Perception: European Public and Elite Opinion on Turkey’s Protracted EU Membership Ebru Ş. Canan-Sokullu 21. Euro-Turks as a Force in EU – Turkey Relations Ayhan Kaya