While federal action on immigration faces an uncertain future, states, cities and suburban municipalities craft their own responses to immigration. Twenty-First-Century Gateways, focuses on the fastest-growing immigrant populations in metropolitan areas with previously low levels of immigrationplaces such as Atlanta, Austin, Charlotte, Dallas-Fort Worth, Minneapolis-St. Paul, Phoenix, Portland, Sacramento, and Washington, D.C. These places are typical of the newest, largest immigrant gateways to America, characterized by post-WWII growth, recent burgeoning immigrant populations, and predominantly suburban settlement.
More immigrants, both legal and undocumented, arrived in the United States during the 1990s than in any other decade on record. That growth has continued more slowly since the Great Recession; nonetheless the U.S. immigrant population has doubled since 1990. Many immigrants continued to move into traditional urban centers such as New York, Chicago, and Los Angeles, but burgeoning numbers were attracted by the economic and housing opportunities of fast-growing metropolitan areas and their largely suburban settings. The pace of change in this new geography of immigration has presented many local areas with challengessocial, fiscal, and political.
Edited by Audrey Singer, Susan W. Hardwick, and Caroline B. Brettell, Twenty-First-Century Gateways provides in-depth, comparative analysis of immigration trends and local policy responses in America's newest gateways. The case examples by a group of leading multidisciplinary immigration scholars explore the challenges of integrating newcomers in the specific gateways, as well as their impact on suburban infrastructure such as housing, transportation, schools, health care, economic development, and public safety.
The changes and trends dissected in this book present a critically important understanding of the reshaping of the United States today and the future impact of immigration, vital as the nation and metropolitan areas face changes to immigration policy.
|Publisher:||Brookings Institution Press|
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About the Author
Audrey Singer is a senior fellow in Metropolitan Policy at the Brookings Institution. Susan W. Hardwick is a professor of geography at the University of Oregon and senior research fellow at the Vancouver Metropolis Center. Caroline B. Brettell is the Dedman Family Distinguished Professor in the department of anthropology at Southern Methodist University and Dean ad Interim of Dedman College.
Table of ContentsForeword Henry Cisneros vii
The New Metropolitan Geography of Immigration
Twenty-First-Century Gateways: An Introduction Audrey Singer 3
Toward a Suburban Immigrant Nation Susan W. Hardwick 31
Emerging Gateways: The Leading Edge of Change
"Big D": Incorporating New Immigrants in a Sunbelt Suburban Metropolis Caroline B. Brettell 53
Diverging Trajectories: Asian and Latino Immigration in Metropolitan Phoenix Alex Oberle Wei Li 87
Unsettled in the Suburbs: Latino Immigration and Ethnic Diversity in Metro Atlanta Mary E. Odem 105
Edge Gateways: Immigrants, Suburbs, and the Politics of Reception in Metropolitan Washington Marie Price Audrey Singer 137
Re-Emerging Gateways: Attracting Immigrants Again
Immigrant Space and Place in Suburban Sacramento Robin Datel Dennis Dingemans 171
Impediments to the Integration of Immigrants: A Case Study in the Twin Cities Katherine Fennelly Myron Orfield 200
"Placing" the Refugee Diaspora in Suburban Portland, Oregon Susan W. Hardwick James E. Meacham 225
Pre-Emerging Gateways: UnexpectedChange
Austin: Immigration and Transformation Deep in the Heart of Texas Emily Skop Tara Buentello 257
The "Nuevo South": Latino Place Making and Community Building in the Middle-Ring Suburbs of Charlotte Heather A. Smith Owen J. Furuseth 281
Afterword: Coming to Terms with Federal and Local Immigration Reform Audrey Singer Susan W. Hardwick Caroline B. Brettell 308
What People are Saying About This
"This important collection documents the growth of foreign-born populations in the suburbs of America's new gateway cities and will be a major contribution to the literature on emerging geographies of immigration."--(Mark Ellis, University of Washington)
"In their remarkable new book, Singer, Hardwick, and Brettell reveal the new countours of immigrant adaptation and reception in places with little experience of immigration within living memory. Through nine carefully chosen case studies, Twenty-first Century Gateways offers new insights into the promises and pitfalls of America's diverse, multi-ethnic future."--(Douglas S. Massey, Princeton University)
"This is an essential guidebook to the new geography of the United States, full of rich detail and broad conceptual frameworks that illuminate immigration's impact on cities and suburbs where the foreign-born were a scant presence not long ago."--(Roberto Suro, Annenberg School for Communication, University of Southern California)