In Tyranny of Consensus, Janne E. Nolan examines three cases—the Islamic Revolution in Iran, the proxy war with the Soviet Union in Afghanistan, and the 1998 embassy bombings in East Africa—to find the limitations of American policy-makers in understanding some of the important developments around the world. Assisted by a working group of senior practitioners and policy experts, Nolan finds that it is often the impulse to protect the already arrived at policy consensus that is to blame for failure. Without access to informed discourse or a functioning “marketplace of ideas,” policy-makers can find themselves unable or unwilling to seriously consider possible correctives even to obviously flawed strategies.
|Publisher:||The Century Foundation, Inc.|
|Sold by:||Barnes & Noble|
|File size:||572 KB|
About the Author
Her public service includes positions as a technology trade and arms control specialist in the Department of State, as senior representative to the Senate Armed Services Committee, and as the defense adviser to several presidential campaigns and transition teams. She served as an appointed member the White House Presidential Advisory Board on U.S. Arms and Technology Policy (chair), the National Defense Panel, the State Department’s Accountability Review Board (investigating terror attacks against U.S. embassies in East Africa), the Gates Panel to Assess the Ballistic Missile Threat to the U.S., and the Secretary of Defense’s Policy Board.
She is the author of seven books, including Guardians of the Arsenal: The Politics of Nuclear Strategy (Basic Books, 1990), Trappings of Power: Ballistic Missiles in the Third World (Brookings, 1991), and An Elusive Consensus: Nuclear Weapons and American Security after the Cold War (Brookings, 1999), and is editor (with Bernard I. Finel and Brian D. Finlay) of Ultimate Security: Combating Weapons of Mass Destruction (The Century Foundation Press, 2003). She has received major research awards from the Carnegie Corporation of New York, the John T. and Catherine D. MacArthur Foundation (five-time recipient), the Ford Foundation, and the Ploughshares Foundation, and serves on the board of the American Middle East Institute, the Arms Control Association, the Monterey Institute’s Non Proliferation Review, the Hewlett Foundation, and the Center for Climate and Security. She is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences Committee on International Security (second appointed term), the Aspen Strategy Group (Distinguished Emeritus), and the Cosmos Club.
Table of Contents
Foreword Janice Nittoli v
1 Introduction 1
2 Intelligence Failure or Policy Stalemate: The Case of Iran 17
3 The United States and Soviet Proxy War in Afghanistan, 1989 to 1992 41
4 The Terrorist Bombings of U.S. Embassies in East Africa 63
5 Findings and Recommendations 95
Appendix: Working Group Participants 119
About the Author 131
Most Helpful Customer Reviews
Excellent and original, essential reading for policy-makers/anyone interested in the governance of American security policy.