Ultrasonic Communication by Animals

Ultrasonic Communication by Animals

by G. Sales

Paperback(1974)

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9789401169035
Publisher: Springer Netherlands
Publication date: 06/24/2012
Edition description: 1974
Pages: 281
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.03(d)

Table of Contents

1. What is ultrasound?.- The discovery of animal ultrasound.- The properties of ultrasound.- 2. Methods of detection and analysis.- Ultrasonic microphones.- Cathode-ray oscilloscopes.- Tape-recording and analysis.- Bat detectors.- 3. Bats.- The biology of bats.- The echo-location signals of bats.- Short-pulse echo-location in Megachiroptera.- Frequency sweep pulses in Microchiroptera.- Constant frequencies in Microchiroptera.- Mixed signals in Microchiroptera.- Sound production and emission in Microchiroptera.- Frequency-sweep bats.- Constant frequency bats.- Nose-leaves.- Hearing in the Microchiroptera.- Other senses and social use of ultrasound in Microchiroptera.- 4. Countermeasures by insects.- Noctuidae.- The evasive behaviour of noctuid moths.- Acoustic sensitivity of the tympanic organ.- Directionality.- Central co-ordination.- Arctiidae, Notodontidae and Ctenuchidae.- Pyralididae.- Sphingidae.- Geometridae.- Neuroptera.- Evolution.- 5. The songs of bush crickets (Tettigoniidae).- The physics of strigilation in general.- The mechanism of sound production in tettigoniids.- The ultrasonic songs of tettigoniids.- The acoustic behaviour of tettigoniids.- The ability of tettigoniids to hear ultrasonic sounds.- Some further considerations.- 6. Other insects.- Gryllidae, crickets.- Gryllotalpidae, mole crickets.- Acrididae, grasshoppers and locusts.- Insects of other groups.- 7. Ultrasound in rodents.- The ultrasonic calls of infant rodents.- The physical characteristics of the calls.- The motivation for the emission of ultrasonic calls by infant rodents.- The role of infant distress calls in adult-young relationships.- Ultrasound and aggressive behaviour.- Rats.- Other myomorph rodents.- Social significance.- Ultrasound and mating behaviour.- Mice.- Rats.- Other myomorph rodents.- Social significance.- Other situations involving ultrasound emission in rodents.- The mechanism of ultrasound production in rodents.- The ability of rodents to hear high frequency sounds.- 8. Other vertebrate groups.- Birds.- Cetacea.- The sounds of odontocetes.- The site of sound production.- The ear of odontocetes.- Hearing in odontocetes.- Evidence for echo-location in odontocetes.- Other marine mammals.- Insectivora.- 9. Review and speculations.- Appendix Some formulae summarizing the rules of echo-location.- References.- Indexes.

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