Understanding Abnormal Child Psychology / Edition 2

Understanding Abnormal Child Psychology / Edition 2

by Vicky Phares, Phares
ISBN-10:
0471724114
ISBN-13:
9780471724117
Pub. Date:
04/20/2007
Publisher:
Wiley
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Overview

Understanding Abnormal Child Psychology / Edition 2

Understanding Abnormal Child Psychology, 3rd edition emphasizes developmental psychopathology as a means for understanding and treating abnormal behavior in children. The text emphasizes strengths and healthy outcomes as a means for designing effective therapies to help children and families, as well as focusing on prevention as a cornerstone of managing child behavior. Throughout this book, special attention is given to issues of diversity, inclusion, and understanding. The text also examines the relationships between children and their fathers as well as with other primary figures within families (i.e., siblings, step-parents, care-taking grandparents, foster parents, etc.). The Third Edition has been updated to include DSM-5.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780471724117
Publisher: Wiley
Publication date: 04/20/2007
Edition description: REV
Pages: 566
Product dimensions: 8.10(w) x 10.00(h) x 1.10(d)

Table of Contents


Preface     xiii
Acknowledgments     xvii
Foundations
Conceptualizations of Normality and Abnormality in Children and Adolescents     1
Normality and Abnormality in Children and Adolescents     1
History of Understanding Abnormal Child Behavior     4
More Recent Diagnostic Classification Systems     6
Reliability and Validity of Diagnostic Categories     12
Children in the School System     12
Disorders in the Future of DSM     15
Advantages and Disadvantages of DSM-IV     17
Differences between Categorical and Dimensional Understanding of Behavior     19
Prevalence of Children's and Adolescents' Problem Behavior     22
Epidemiological Rates Based on the Categorical Approach     23
Epidemiological Rates Based on the Dimensional Approach     25
How Children's Environments Influence Their Behavior     26
Different Perspectives on Problems     27
Troubled Families Rather Than Troubled Children     29
Summary and Key Concepts     29
Key Terms     30
Suggested Readings     31
Suggested Viewings     31
Theories of Normality and Abnormality in Children and Adolescents     32
TheImportance of Theory     33
Psychodynamic Theory     35
Genetic and Biological Theories of Developmental Psychopathology     38
Behavioral Genetics     41
Behavioral Theories and Developmental Psychopathology     43
Cognitive-Behavioral Theories and Developmental Psychopathology     43
Theories of Family Functioning and Abnormal Behavior in Children and Adolescents     45
The Influence of Social Context on the Development and Maintenance of Problem Behavior     46
The Overarching Theory of Developmental Psychopathology     51
Summary and Key Concepts     53
Key Terms     54
Suggested Readings     55
Suggested Viewings     55
Research Methods in the Study of Developmental Psychopathology     56
Research Methodologies That Are Utilized in the Study of Developmental Psychopathology     58
Experimental Designs     58
Quasi-Experimental Designs     60
Correlational Designs     61
Case Studies and Single-Subject Designs     62
High-Risk Designs     62
Behavioral Genetics Designs     63
Time Frame of the Research Study     63
Cross-Sectional Research     64
Prospective Longitudinal Research     64
Accelerated Longitudinal Research     64
The Actual Process of Research     65
Choosing a Research Topic and Identifying Hypotheses     65
Choosing a Sample     67
Choosing Psychometrically Sound Measures     68
Collecting Data     69
Data Analyses     70
Writing Up, Presenting, and Publishing the Results     70
Continuing the Research Process     71
Choosing Appropriate Samples of Participants     72
Locations of Research on Developmental Psychopathology     73
School-Based Research     73
Hospital-Based and Clinic-Based Research     73
Community-Based Research     74
Laboratory-Based Research     74
Research Sites in the Future     75
Quantitative Research and Qualitative Research     76
Areas in Need of Further Study in Developmental Psychopathology     76
Ethics of Conducting Research     75
Summary and Key Concepts     80
Key Terms     81
Suggested Readings     81
Suggested Viewings     81
Assessment and Therapeutic Interventions with Children, Adolescents, and Families      82
Assessments     82
Multiaxial Assessment of Children and Adolescents     84
Interviews with Children and Their Parents     84
Unstructured Interviews     85
Semistructured Interviews     87
Structured Interviews     87
Behavioral Assessment     89
Behavioral Observation     89
Functional Assessment     91
Self-Monitoring     91
Checklists and Rating Scales     91
Broad Measures     92
Measures of Competence and Adaptive Functioning     94
Personality Assessment     95
Personality Inventories     95
Projective Measures     95
Family Assessment     97
Assessing Intellectual Functioning and Academic Achievement     100
Educational Assessment     101
Neuropsychological Assessment     102
Therapeutic Interventions     103
Settings Where Interventions Are Conducted     104
Psychodynamic Therapies     106
Behavioral Therapies     107
Child-Oriented Interventions     107
Parent-Oriented Interventions     109
Cognitive-Behavioral Therapies     110
Family Systems Therapies     112
Psychopharmacological Interventions     114
Effectiveness of Therapeutic Interventions     118
Prevention Programs That Work     121
Professional Ethics in Assessment and Interventions     123
Competence     123
Multiple Relationships     124
Informed Consent     125
Confidentiality     126
Summary and Key Concepts     128
Key Terms     130
Suggested Readings     130
Suggested Viewings     130
Risk and Protective Factors
Risk Factors and Issues of Prevention     131
Temperament and Attachment     132
Genetic Predisposition     133
Parental Psychopathology     133
Parental Loss Due to Death     136
Interparental Conflict     137
Child Physical Abuse     142
Child Sexual Abuse     146
Child Psychological Maltreatment     143
Family Dysfunction     150
Inadequate Educational Resources     151
Poverty and Low Socioeconomic Status     151
Violence within the Community     155
Summary and Key Concepts     157
Key Terms      158
Suggested Readings     158
Suggested Viewings     158
Protective Factors and Issues of Prevention 158
Characteristics within the Child     160
Adaptable Temperament     160
Good Cognitive Abilities     160
Effective Emotional and Behavioral Regulation Strategies     162
Positive View of Self (Self-Confidence, High Self-Esteem, Self-Efficacy)     163
Other Protective Characteristics within the Child     165
Characteristics within the Family     166
Stable and Supportive Home Environment     166
Faith and Religious Affiliations     169
Other Protective Characteristics within the Family     169
Characteristics within the Community     170
Connections to Caring Adult Mentors and Prosocial Peers     170
High Neighborhood Quality     172
Effective Schools     173
Other Protective Factors within the Community     175
Characteristics within the Culture or Society     176
Summary and Key Concepts     177
Key Terms     177
Suggested Readings     177
Suggested Viewings     177
Internalizing Problems
Mood Disorders, Depressive Syndromes, and Depressive Moods      178
Anaclitic Depression and Failure to Thrive in Infancy     178
Masked Depression     179
Major Depressive Disorder     179
Prevalence Rates     181
Comorbidity     183
Course of the Disorder     184
Etiology     184
Treatment     188
Prevention     191
Child and Adolescent Suicide     193
Dysthymic Disorder     199
Bipolar Disorder and Cyclothymic Disorder     200
Depression Conceptualized in a Dimensional Manner     203
Risk Factors     205
Protective Factors     207
Summary and Key Concepts     208
Key Terms     209
Suggested Readings     209
Suggested Viewings     209
Anxiety Disorders and Problems with Anxiety     210
Separation Anxiety Disorder     211
Prevalence Rates     212
Specific Phobias     213
Prevalence Rates     214
Social Phobia     215
Prevalence Rates     217
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder     217
Prevalence Rates     218
Generalized Anxiety Disorder      221
Prevalence Rates     223
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder     224
Prevalence Rates     225
Selective Mutism     225
Prevalence Rates     226
All Anxiety Disorders of Childhood and Adolescence     226
Comorbidity     228
Course of the Disorder     228
Etiology     231
Treatment     234
Prevention     237
Anxiety Conceptualized in a Dimensional Manner     239
Risk Factors     240
Protective Factors     241
Summary and Key Concepts     242
Key Terms     243
Suggested Readings     243
Suggested Viewings     243
Externalizing Problems
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Related Problems     244
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder     244
Prevalence Rates     250
Comorbidity     253
Course of the Disorder     256
Etiology     259
Treatment     263
Prevention     271
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Conceptualized in a Dimensional Manner     271
Risk Factors     272
Protective Factors      274
Summary and Key Concepts     274
Key Terms     275
Suggested Readings     275
Suggested Viewings     275
Disruptive Disorders, Oppositional Problems, and Conduct Problems     276
Oppositional Defiant Disorder     276
Prevalence Rates     278
Conduct Disorder     279
Prevalence Rates     283
Antisocial Personalty Disorder     283
Oppositional Defiant Disorder and Conduct Disorder     285
Comorbidity     286
Courses of the Disorders     286
Etiology     288
Treatment     293
Prevention     300
Oppositional Problems and Conduct Problems Conceptualized in a Dimensional Manner     302
Risk Factors     304
Protective Factors     306
Summary and Key Concepts     307
Key Terms     307
Suggested Readings     308
Suggested Viewings     308
Alcohol and Substance Use, Abuse, and Dependence     309
Alcohol Abuse, Alcohol Dependence, Substance Abuse, and Substance Dependence     309
Prevalence Rates     312
Comorbidity     315
Course of the Disorder      316
Etiology     317
Treatment     321
Prevention     325
Alcohol and Substance Use and Abuse Conceptualized in a Dimensional Manner     328
Risk Factors     330
Protective Factors     333
Nicotine     334
Summary and Key Concepts     336
Key Terms     337
Suggested Readings     337
Suggested Viewings     337
Other Problems
Pervasive Developmental Disorders and Schizophrenia in Childhood and Adolescence     338
Pervasive Developmental Disorders     338
Autistic Disorder     338
Prevalence Rates     339
Comorbidity     340
Course of the Disorder     342
Etiology     343
Treatment     344
Prevention     345
Asperger's Disorder     347
Other Pervasive Developmental Disorders     350
Pervasive Developmental Disorders Conceptualized in a Dimensional Manner     352
Risk Factors     352
Protective Factors     353
Schizophrenia     353
Prevalence Rates     353
Comorbidity     354
Course of the Disorder      354
Etiology     355
Treatment     356
Prevention     357
Schizophrenia Conceptualized in a Dimensional Manner     357
Risk Factors     357
Protective Factors     358
Summary and Key Concepts     358
Key Terms     359
Suggested Readings     359
Suggested Viewings     359
Learning Disorders and Developmental Disabilities     360
Learning Disorders     361
Prevalence Rates     364
Comorbidity     365
Course of the Disorder     367
Etiology     368
Treatment     370
Prevention     375
Learning Disorders and Learning Problems Conceptualized in a Dimensional Manner     376
Risk Factors     377
Protective Factors     379
Developmental Disabilities     380
Prevalence Rates     383
Comorbidity     384
Course of the Disorder     385
Etiology     388
Treatment     389
Prevention     391
Developmental Disabilities Conceptualized in a Dimensional Manner     392
Risk Factors      392
Protective Factors     394
Summary and Key Concepts     394
Key Terms     395
Suggested Readings     395
Suggested Viewings     395
Pediatric Psychology and Health Psychology for Children and Adolescents     396
Pediatric Psychology     396
Eating Disorders and Obesity     397
Anorexia Nervosa     398
Prevalence Rates     398
Bulimia Nervosa     399
Prevalence Rates     399
Comorbidity of Eating Disorders     400
Course of the Disorders     402
Etiology of Eating Disorders     402
Treatment of Eating Disorders     402
Prevention of Eating Disorders     403
Dimensional Conceptualizations of Body Image Problems     403
Obesity     405
Feeding Disorders     407
Elimination Disorders     408
Enuresis     408
Prevalence Rates     409
Other Characteristics of Enuresis     409
Encopresis     411
Prevalence Rates     411
Other Characteristics of Encopresis     411
Dimensional Conceptualizations of Elimination Disorders      412
Somatoform Disorders and Factitious Disorders     412
Dimensional Conceptualizations of Somatoform and Factitious Disorders     415
Genetic Chromosomal Disorders     415
Other Disorders     416
Sleep Disorders     416
Tic Disorders     417
Chronic Illness in Children and Children's Well-Being     417
Juvenile Onset Diabetes     418
Sickle Cell Disease     419
Childhood Cancer     421
HIV and AIDS in Children and Adolescents     423
Chronic Illness in Parents and Children's Well-Being     426
Parental Cancer     426
Parental AIDS     427
Treatment Issues in Pediatric Psychology     427
Prevention Issues in Pediatric Psychology     427
Summary and Key Concepts     429
Key Terms     430
Suggested Readings     431
Suggested Viewings     431
Applying What You've Learned
Ways to Help Children     432
How Nonprofessionals and Paraprofessionals Can Help Children     432
Transitioning from a Paraprofessional to a Professional     434
How Having a Career in Psychology Can Help Children     436
Ph.D. or Master's in Clinical Psychology     437
Psy.D. in Clinical Psychology     444
Ph.D. in Experimental Psychopathology     444
Ph.D., Ed.D. or Master's in Counseling Psychology     445
Ph.D. or Master's in Developmental Psychology     445
How Having a Career in Social Work Can Help Children     446
Bachelor's of Social Work     446
Master's of Social Work     446
Doctorate of Social Work     447
How Having a Career in Education Can Help Children     447
Teachers     448
Special Education Teachers     448
Guidance Counselors     448
School Psychologists and Educational Specialists     448
Other Professionals     448
How Having a Career in Medicine Can Help Children     449
Psychiatric Nurses     449
Psychiatrists     449
Developmental Pediatricians     450
Other Professionals     450
How Having a Career in the Judicial Justice System Can Help Children     451
School Resource Officers     451
Criminologists     451
Forensic Psychologists     451
Attorneys and Judges     452
How Having a Career in Prevention Can Help Children      453
Summary and Key Concepts     453
Key Terms     454
Suggested Readings     454
Suggested Viewings     454
References     455
Index     555

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