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Ancient peoples created myths to help explain the world around them-creation, death and the underworld, seasons and agriculture, natural disasters, class structure in society, and commerce. Myths Understood features important myths from different ancient cultures and describes the roles and relationships of the gods that were the foundation of their religions.
Understanding Indian Myths explores the roles and relationships of the heroes and gods of ancient India. Several ancient myths, including "Brahma Creates the Universe," "The Story of Rama and Sita," and "The Three Cities in the Sky," are retold, describing how these stories helped people in ancient India interpret their world.
Table of Contents
What are Myths? 4
What are myths and what types of myths developed in Ancient India? How the beliefs of early Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism influenced Indian myths.
Ancient India 6
The ancient civilization of India and its many creation and morality myths. The gods Vishnu and Shiva and myths about circular time and reincarnation.
Religion and Gods 10
The gods and goddesses of Ancient India and myths about the creation of the world and its people. The story of Rama and Sita and myths about marriage and daily life.
The Natural World 18
The natural world of Ancient India and myths about rivers, droughts, harvests, and the cycles of life.
Daily Life 24
The caste system of Ancient Indian societies, myths about a person's duties in life, and customs and myths related to death.
Trade and Warfare 34
The importance of trade in Ancient India and myths about the struggle between royal families for possession of riches and territory.
Indian Legacy 40
How Ancient Indian myths have shaped our modern ideas about architecture, sculpture, society, music, food, and culture.
Time chart 45
Learning More 47