ISBN-10:
0072335408
ISBN-13:
9780072335408
Pub. Date:
12/28/1998
Publisher:
McGraw-Hill Higher Education
Understanding Psychology / Edition 5

Understanding Psychology / Edition 5

by Robert Feldman

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780072335408
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education
Publication date: 12/28/1998
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 496

About the Author

Robert S. Feldman still remembers those moments of being overwhelmed when he started college at Wesleyan University. “I wondered whether I was up to the challenges that faced me,” he recalls, “and--although I never would have admitted it at the time--I really had no idea what it took to be successful at college.”

That experience, along with his encounters with many students during his own teaching career, led to a life-long interest in helping students navigate the critical transition that they face at the start of their own college careers. Professor Feldman, who went on to receive a doctorate in psychology from the University of Wisconsin-Madison, teaches at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst, where he is Associate Dean of the College of Social and Behavioral Sciences and Professor of Psychology. He directs POWER Up for Student Success, the UMass first-year experience course for incoming students.Professor Feldman’s proudest professional accomplishment is winning the College Outstanding Teaching Award at UMass. He also has been named a Hewlett Teaching Fellow and was Senior Online Instruction Fellow. He has taught courses at Mount Holyoke College, Wesleyan University, and Virginia Commonwealth University.Professor Feldman is a Fellow of both the American Psychological Association and the Association for Psychological Science. He is a winner of a Fulbright Senior Research Scholar and Lecturer award and has written some 100 scientific articles, book chapters, and books. His books, some of which have been translated into Spanish, French, Portuguese, and Chinese, include Improving the First Year of College: Research and Practice,Understanding Psychology, 8/e, and Development Across the Life Span, 4/e. His research interests encompass the study of honesty and truthfulness in everyday life, development of nonverbal behavior in children, and the social psychology of education. His research has been supported by grants from the National Institute of Mental Health and the National Institute on Disabilities and Rehabilitation Research. With the last of his three children completing college, Professor Feldman occupies his spare time with serious cooking and earnest, but admittedly unpolished, piano playing. He also loves to travel. He lives with his wife, who is an educational psychologist, in a home overlooking the Holyoke mountain range in western Massachusetts.

Table of Contents


Introduction to Psychology     1
Psychologists at Work     2
A Science Evolves: Past, Present, and Future     10
Psychology's Key Issues and Controversies     15
Practice Tests     19
Answer Key     28
Psychological Research     35
The Scientific Method     36
Conducting Psychological Research     40
Critical Research Issues     49
Practice Tests     55
Answer Key     64
Neuroscience and Behavior     71
Neurons: The Basic Elements of Behavior     72
The Nervous System and the Endocrine System     78
The Brain     83
Practice Tests     94
Answer Key     102
Sensation and Perception     109
Sensing the World Around Us     110
Vision: Shedding Light on the Eyes     113
Hearing and Other Senses     117
Perceptual Organization: Constructing Our View of the World     124
Practice Tests     129
Answer Key     137
States of Consciousness     145
Sleep and Dreams     146
Hypnosis and Meditation     153
Drug Use: The Highs andLows of Consciousness     157
Practice Tests     163
Answer Key     170
Learning     177
Classical Conditioning     178
Operant Conditioning     183
Cognitive Approaches to Learning     188
Practice Tests     191
Answer Key     199
Memory     207
The Foundations of Memory     208
Recalling Long-Term Memories     217
Forgetting: When Memory Fails     224
Practice Tests     228
Answer Key     235
Cognition and Language     241
Thinking and Reasoning     242
Problem Solving     246
Language     251
Practice Tests     255
Answer Key     263
Intelligence     271
What is Intelligence?     272
Variations in Intellectual Ability     278
Group Differences in Intelligence     281
Practice Tests     284
Answer Key     292
Motivation and Emotion     299
Explaining Emotion     300
Human Needs and Motivation     305
Understanding Emotional Experiences      311
Nonverbal Behavior and Expressions of Emotions     317
Practice Tests     320
Answer Key     328
Sexuality and Gender     335
Gender and Sex     336
Understanding Human Sexual Response     340
The Diversity of Sexual Behavior     343
Sexual Difficulties: When Sex Goes Wrong     347
Practice Tests     350
Answer Key     358
Development     365
Nature and Nuture     366
Prenatal Development: From Birth to Conception     370
Infancy and Childhood     374
Adolescence: Becoming an Adult     382
Adulthood     389
Practice Tests     396
Answer Key     406
Personality     415
Psychodynamic Approaches to Personality     416
Trait, Learning, Biological, Evolutionary, Humanistic Approaches to Personality     422
Assessing Personality     428
Practice Tests     433
Answer Keys     441
Health Psychology     449
Stress and Coping     450
Psychological Aspects of Illness and Well-Being     455
Promoting Health and Wellness      459
Practice Tests     463
Answer Key     471
Psychological Disorders     479
Normal versus Abnormal: Making the Distinction     480
The Major Psychological Disorders     486
Psychological Disorders in Perspective     494
Practice Tests     497
Answer Key     505
Treatment of Psychological Disorders     513
Psychotherapy: Psychodynamic, Behavioral, and Cognitive Approaches to Treatment     514
Psychotherapy: Humanistic, Interpersonal, and Group Approaches to Treatment     520
Biomedical Therapy: Biological Approaches to Treatment     526
Practice Tests     531
Answer Key     539
Social Psychology     547
Attitudes and Social Cognition     548
Social Influence     554
Prejudice and Dicrimination     559
Positive and Negative Social Behavior     563
Practice Tests     569
Answer Key     576
Going by the Numbers: Statistics in Psychology     583
Practice Tests     590

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