Underwriting Democracy: Encouraging Free Enterprise and Democratic Reform among the Soviets and in Eastern Europe

Underwriting Democracy: Encouraging Free Enterprise and Democratic Reform among the Soviets and in Eastern Europe

by George Soros




George Soros has done more for open societies than any other private citizen in the world. In Underwriting Democracy he describes his experiences helping to bring about democratic change in Eastern Europe—experiences that are especially relevant now that our country has begun to intervene (though in an entirely different way than Soros) to create functioning democracies. Throughout the 1980s George Soros worked to identify and fund the growing political movements that caused the downfall of Eastern Europe's Communist governments. He established foundations, first in his native Hungary, and then in eight other countries, and used them to finance everything from the installation of previously forbidden copying machines in public libraries to the creation of experimental schools, clubs, and workshops for the support of dissidents. This unprecedented, and brilliant, financial and logistical support helped to bring down the communist regimes in peaceful revolutions across the continent. These are thrilling stories about facing down—and getting past—the Communist party powers in order to change these nations from the inside out.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780029302859
Publisher: Free Press
Publication date: 02/01/1991
Pages: 220

About the Author

George Soros heads Soros Fund Management and is the founder of a global network of foundations dedicated to supporting open societies. Known throughout the world both for his financial acumen and for his political engagement, Soros is the author of several bestselling books including The Alchemy of Finance and The Crisis of Global Capitalism. PublicAffairs will publish his new book, The Bubble of American Supremacy, in January 2004.

Table of Contents

Part 1The Revolution of 1989
1Cracking the Communist Structure3
2The Collapse of the Soviet System34
3Europe as an Open System62
4America at the Crossroads84
Part 2The Unfolding Crisis
5The Shatalin Plan99
6The Outlook for Eastern Europe118
7The Foundation Network128
8A Personal Account139
Part 3A Theoretical Framework
9Philosophical Foundations147
10A Reflexive Theory of History165
11Open and Closed Societies175
12The Boom-Bust Pattern222

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