The United Nations and Nuclear Orders

The United Nations and Nuclear Orders


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Recent tensions surrounding the nuclear ambitions of North Korea and Iran, as well as shocking revelations about A. Q. Khan's atomic bazaar, have drawn attention to the role of the United Nations in addressing a host of nuclear challenges. Yet the world organization's role has largely been absent from both scholarly and policy research. The United Nationsand Nuclear Orders fills this void by shedding light on the past, present, and future roles of the UN in respondingto the threats and challenges posed by nuclear weapons.

This book examines UN actors, tools, and issues associated with the changing nature of the environment in which it operates; the ways in which it has and might respond to technological and political problems; and the questions and difficulties that arise for the world organization. Issues covered in the book include doctrinal questions on the use of force, the regional dynamics of nuclear proliferation, and growing concern that the nuclear order established by the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty may collapse or simply be overtaken by events

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9789280811674
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
Publication date: 06/15/2009
Pages: 300
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.20(h) x 0.70(d)

About the Author

Jane Boulden holds a Canada Research Chair in international relations and security studies at the Royal Military College of Canada. Ramesh Thakur, former UN assistant secretary-general, is foundation director of the Balsillie School of International Affairs and distinguished fellow of the Centre for International Governance Innovation in Waterloo, Canada. Thomas G.Weiss is Presidential Professor of political science at the Graduate Center of the City University of NewYork and director of the Ralph Bunche Institute for International Studies.

Table of Contents

Tables vii

Contributors viii

Foreword Jayantha Dhanapala xiii

Acknowledgements xvi

Abbreviations xviii|2 1 The United Nations and nuclear orders: Context, foundations, actors, tools, and future prospects Jane Boulden Ramesh Thakur Thomas G. Weiss 1

Part I Actors 29

2 The Security Council and nuclear disarmament Ernie Regehr 31

3 General Assembly majorities on the preferred nuclear order M. J. Peterson 52

4 The Secretary-General and the Secretariat Randy Rydell 73

Part II Actual and potential tools 109

5 United Nations sanctions and nuclear weapons George A. Lopez David Cortright 111

6 The use of force Ian Johnstone 132

7 Verification and compliance Harald Muller 151

8 Codification and legal issues Lori Fisler Damrosch 170

Part III Looming threats, new challenges 189

9 Technology proliferation, globalization, and the role of the United Nations Brian Finlay Rita Grossman-Vermaas 191

10 Dealing with extra-NPT actors and non-state actors Waheguru Pal Singh Sidhu 210

11 The international nuclear trade: Harnessing peaceful use while preventing proliferation Nicole C. Evans 230

12 Nuclear proliferation and regional security orders: Comparing North Korea and Iran Amitav Acharya 248

13 NPT regime change: Has the good become the enemy of the best? Ramesh Thakur 273

Index 298

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