ISBN-10:
0534369650
ISBN-13:
9780534369651
Pub. Date:
04/14/1999
Publisher:
Cengage Learning
University Physics, Volume 2 (Non-InfoTrac Version) / Edition 1

University Physics, Volume 2 (Non-InfoTrac Version) / Edition 1

by Ronald Lane Reese

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780534369651
Publisher: Cengage Learning
Publication date: 04/14/1999
Pages: 656
Product dimensions: 6.50(w) x 1.50(h) x 9.50(d)

About the Author


Ph. D. from Johns Hopkins in 1971

Table of Contents


16. ELECTRIC CHARGES, ELECTRICAL FORCES, AND THE ELECTRIC FIELD The Discovery of Electrification / Polarization and Induction / Coulomb''s Force Law for Pointlike Charges: The Quantification of Charge / Charge Quantization / The Electric Field of Static Charges / The Electric Field of a Pointlike Charge Distributions / A Way to Visualize the Electric Field: Electric Field Lines / A Common Molecular Charge Distribution: The Electric Dipole / The Electric Field of Continuous Distributions of Charge / Motion of a Charged Particle in a Uniform Electric Field: An Electrical Projectile / Gauss''s Law for Electric Fields / Calculating the Magnitude of the Electric Field Using Gauss''s Law / Conductors / Other Electrical Materials / Chapter Summary / Summary of Problem-Solving Tactics / Questions / Problems / Investigative Projects 17. ELECTRIC POTENTIAL ENERGY AND THE ELECTRIC POTENTIAL Electrical Potential Energy and the Electric Potential / The Electric Potential of a Pointlike Charge / The Electrical Potential of a Collection of Pointlike Charges / The Electric Potential of Continuous Charge Distributions of Finite Size / Equipotential Volumes and Surfaces / The Relationship Between the Electric Potential and the Electric Field / Acceleration of Charged Particles Under the Influence of Electrical Forces / A New Energy Unit: The Electron-Volt / An Electric Dipole in an External Electric Field Revisited / The Electric Potential and Electric Field of a Dipole / The Potential Energy of a Distribution of Pointlike Charges / Lightning Rods / Chapter Summary / Summary of Problem-Solving Tactics / Questions / Problems / Investigative Projects 18. CIRCUIT ELEMENTS, INDEPENDENT VOLTAGE SOURCES, AND CAPACITORS Terminology, Notation, and Conventions / Circuit Elements / An Independent Voltage Source: A Source of Emf / Connections of Circuit Elements / Independent Voltage Sources in Series and Parallel / Capacitors / Series and Parallel Combinations of Capacitors / Energy Stored in a Capacitor / Electrostatics in Insulating Material Media / Capacitors and Dielectrics / Dielectric Breakdown (Optional) / Chapter Summary / Summary of Problem-Solving Tactics / Questions / Problems / Investigative Projects 19. ELECTRIC CURRENT, RESISTANCE, AND DC CIRCUIT ANALYSIS The Concept of Electric Current / Electric Current / The Pièce de Resistance: Resistance and Ohm''s Law / Resistance Thermometers / Characteristic Curves / Series and Parallel Connections Revisited / Resistors in Series and Parallel / Electric Power / Electrical Networks and Circuits / Electronics / Kirchoff''s Laws for Circuit Analysis / Electric Shock Hazards / A Model for a Real Battery / Maximum Power Transfer Theorem / Basic Electronic Instruments: Voltmeters, Ammeters, and Ohmmeters / An Introduction to Transients in Circuits: A Series RC Circuit / Chapter Summary / Summary of Problem-Solving Tactics / Questions / Problems / Investigative Projects 20. MAGNETIC FORCES AND THE MAGNETIC FIELD The Magnetic Field / Applications / Magnetic Forces on Currents / Work Done by Magnetic Forces / Torque on a Current Loop in a Magnetic Field / The Biot-Savart Law / Forces of Parallel Currents on Each Other and the Definition of the Ampere / Gauss''s Law for the Magnetic Field / Magnetic Poles and Current Loops / Ampere''s Law / The Displacement Current and the Ampere-Maxwell Law / Magnetic Materials / The Magnetic Field of the Earth / Chapter Summary / Summary of Problem-Solving Tactics / Questions / Problems / Investigative Projects 21. FARADAY''S LAW OF ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION Faraday''s Law of Electromagnetic Induction / Lenz''s Law / An AC Generator / Summary of Maxwell''s Equations of Electromagnetism / Electromagnetic Waves / Self-Inductance / Series and Parallel Combinations of Inductors / A Series LR Circuit / Energy Stored in a Magnetic Field / A Parallel LC Circuit / Mutual Inductance / An Ideal Transformer / Chapter Summary / Summary of Problem-Solving Tactics / Questions / Problems / Investigative Projects 22. SINUSOIDAL AC CIRCUIT ANALYSIS Representations of a Complex Variable / Arithmetic Operations with Complex Variables / Complex Potential Differences and Currents: Phasors / The Potential Difference and Current Phasors for Resistors, Inductors, and Capacitors / Series and Parallel Combinations of Impedances / Complex Independent ac Voltage Sources / Power Absorbed by Circuit Elements in ac Circuits / A Filter Circuit / A Series RLC Circuit / Chapter Summary / Summary of Problem-Solving Tactics / Questions / Problems / Investigative Projects 23. GEOMETRIC OPTICS The Domains of Optics / The Inverse Square Law for Light / The Law of Reflection / The Law of Refraction / Total Internal Reflection / Dispersion / Rainbows / Objects and Images / The Cartesian Sign Convention / Image Formation by Spherical and Plane Mirrors / Ray Diagrams for Mirrors / Refraction at a Single Spherical Surface / Thin Lenses / Ray Diagrams for Thin Lenses / Optical Instruments / Chapter Summary / Summary of Problem-Solving Tactics / Questions / Problems / Investigative Projects 24. PHYSICAL OPTICS Existence of Light Waves / Interference / Young''s Double Slit Experiment / Single Slit Diffraction / Diffraction by a Circular Aperture / Resolution / The Double Slit Revisited / Multiple Slits: The Diffraction Grating / Resolution and Angular Dispersion of a Diffraction Grating / The Index of Refraction and the Speed of Light / Thin-Film Interference / Polarized Light / Polarization by Absorption / Malus''s Law / Polarization by Reflection: Brewster''s Law / Polarization by Double Refraction / Polarization by Scattering / Rayleigh and Mie Scattering / Optical Activity / Chapter Summary / Summary of Problem-Solving Tactics / Questions / Problems / Investigative Projects 25. THE SPECIAL THEORY OF RELATIVITY Reference Frames / Classical Galilean Relativity / The Need for Change and the Postulates of the Special Theory / Time Dilation / Lengths Perpendicular to the Direction of Motion / Lengths Oriented Along the Direction of Motion: Length Contraction / The Lorentz Transformation Equations / The Relativity of Simultaneity / A Relativistic Centipede / A Relativistic Paradox and Its Resolution / Relativistic Velocity Addition / Cosmic Jets and the Optical Illusion of Superluminal Speeds / The Longitudinal Doppler Effect / The Transverse Doppler Effect / A General Equation for the Relativistic Doppler Effect / Relativistic Momentum / The CWE Theorem Revisited / Implications of the Equivalence Between Mass and Energy / Space-Time Diagrams / Electromagnetic Implications of the Special Theory / The General Theory of Relativity / Chapter Summary / Summary of Problem-Solving Tactics / Questions / Problems / Investigative Projects 26. AN APERITIF: MODERN PHYSICS The Discovery of the Electron / The Discovery of X-Rays / The Discovery of Radioactivity / The Appearance of Planck''s Constant h / The Photoelectric Effect / The Quest for an Atomic Model: Plum Pudding / The Bohr Model of a Hydrogenic Atom / The Bohr Correspondence Principle / A Bohr Model of the Solar System? / Problems with the Bohr Model / Radioactivity Revisited / Carbon Dating / Radiation Units, Dose, and Exposure / The Momentum of a Photon / The de Broglie Hypothesis / Chapter Summary / Summary of Problem-Solving Tactics / Questions / Problems / Investigative Projects 27. AN INTRODUCTION TO QUANTUM MECHANICS The Heisenberg Uncertainty Principles / Implications of the Position-Momentum Uncertainty Principle / Implications of the Energy-Time Uncertainty Principle / Observation and Measurement / Particle-Waves and the Wavefunction / Operators / The Schrödinger Equation / Chapter Summary / Questions / Problems / Investigative Projects / EPILOGUE / APPENDIX A: PROOFS OF THE GRAVITATIONAL SHELL THEOREMS / A Mass Within A Uniform Spherical Shell / A Mass Outside a Uniform Spherical Shell / ANSWERS TO PROBLEMS / QUOTATIONS INDEX / REFERENCE INDEX / GENERAL INDEX / CREDITS

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