Unmaking the Bomb: A Fissile Material Approach to Nuclear Disarmament and Nonproliferation

Unmaking the Bomb: A Fissile Material Approach to Nuclear Disarmament and Nonproliferation

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Overview

Unmaking the Bomb: A Fissile Material Approach to Nuclear Disarmament and Nonproliferation by Harold A. Feiveson, Alexander Glaser, Zia Mian, Frank N. von Hippel

A new approach to nuclear disarmament, nonproliferation, and the prevention of nuclear terrorism that focuses on controlling the production and stockpiling of nuclear materials.

Achieving nuclear disarmament, stopping nuclear proliferation, and preventing nuclear terrorism are among the most critical challenges facing the world today. Unmaking the Bomb proposes a new approach to reaching these long-held goals. Rather than considering them as separate issues, the authors—physicists and experts on nuclear security—argue that all three of these goals can be understood and realized together if we focus on the production, stockpiling, and disposal of plutonium and highly enriched uranium—the fissile materials that are the key ingredients used to make nuclear weapons.

The authors describe the history, production, national stockpiles, and current military and civilian uses of plutonium and highly enriched uranium, and propose policies aimed at reducing and eventually eliminating these fissile materials worldwide. These include an end to the production of highly enriched uranium and plutonium for weapons, an end to their use as reactor fuels, and the verified elimination of all national stockpiles.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780262027748
Publisher: MIT Press
Publication date: 08/29/2014
Series: The MIT Press
Pages: 296
Product dimensions: 9.10(w) x 6.10(h) x 0.90(d)
Age Range: 18 Years

About the Author


Harold A. Feiveson is Senior Research Policy Scientist at the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University.


Alexander Glaser is Assistant Professor in the Woodrow Wilson School and in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at Princeton University.


Zia Mian is Research Scientist and Director of the Project on Peace and Security in South Asia at the Woodrow Wilson School.


Frank N. von Hippel is Senior Research Physicist and Professor of Public and International Affairs Emeritus at the Woodrow Wilson School.

Table of Contents

Preface ix

Map of Enrichment and Reprocessing Facilities Worldwide xii

1 Introduction 1

I How the Nuclear World Emerged 19

2 Production, Uses, and Stocks of Fissile Materials 21

3 The History of Fissile Material Production for Weapons 43

4 The Global Stockpile of Fissile Material 69

II Breaking the Nuclear Energy-Weapons Link 85

5 Fissile Materials, Nuclear Power, and Nuclear Proliferation 87

6 Ending the Separation of Plutonium 107

7 Ending the Use of HEU as a Reactor Fuel 125

III Eliminating Fissile Materials 141

8 Ending Production of Fissile Materials for Weapons 143

9 Disposal of Fissile Materials 159

10 Conclusion: Unmaking the Bomb 173

Appendix 1 Enrichment Plants 185

Appendix 2 Reprocessing Plants 187

Notes 189

Glossary 233

Bibliography 243

Index 263

What People are Saying About This

Paolo Cotta-Ramusino

This is a comprehensive text on fissile material, with a much-needed historical perspective and a detailed analysis of the present situation. It is invaluable for all those who teach a university course in nuclear weapons, nuclear disarmament, and nonproliferation and for those who are thinking of ways to eliminate nuclear weapons altogether.

Scott Sagan

Fissile materials pose a 'perpetual menace to human security,' Niels Bohr famously argued in 1944. This book both highlights the continuing truth of that observation and importantly outlines policies that can reduce the risks. It will be an invaluable guide to the subject for students of international relations, security studies, and nuclear engineering.

Hu Side

Achieving a nuclear-free world is a common ideal of the international community. The authors of this book have been long involved in the study of nuclear materials. Based on their abundant research achievements, they have made four specific suggestions for the gradual reduction and eventual elimination of worldwide fissile materials, providing an opportunity for the international community to have a more extensive and in-depth discussion in this regard.

Alexey Arbatov

Unmaking the Bomb is the most up-to-date encyclopedia of the history and present state of nuclear weapons and peaceful nuclear energy—their overlap and contradictions. The book is also valuable since it is designed not only for professional nuclear physicists, military strategists, and arms controllers, but also for the interested public and journalists.

George Perkovich

To address the challenges of nuclear disarmament and nonproliferation, the Princeton team persuasively details why and how it is necessary to go beyond nuclear weapons as the units of account. They show that accounting for, verifying, and ultimately eliminating stockpiles of fissile materials will be vital to international security and can be done.

Mohamed ElBaradei

Nearly seventy years after the world's first atomic explosion, stocks of weapon-usable material sufficient for more than 100,000 nuclear warheads continue to pose one of the gravest threats to our very survival. This book by some of the world's leading experts provides sober technical and policy assessments that should be required reading for all of us yearning for a world free from nuclear weapons. Elimination of these nuclear materials is not only key but also possible. This valuable and timely book shows us how.

Endorsement

Among the toxic and threatening legacies of the nuclear arms race are thousands of warheads, and stockpiles of plutonium and enriched uranium. How can these best be safeguarded and disposed of? The distinguished authors have had a sustained involvement in the science and the politics of these issues. This cogent and authoritative book deserves to have wide influence among policymakers worldwide.—Martin Rees, Cambridge University, former President of the U.K. Royal Society (2005-2010)

From the Publisher

Nearly seventy years after the world's first atomic explosion, stocks of weapon-usable material sufficient for more than 100,000 nuclear warheads continue to pose one of the gravest threats to our very survival. This book by some of the world's leading experts provides sober technical and policy assessments that should be required reading for all of us yearning for a world free from nuclear weapons. Elimination of these nuclear materials is not only key but also possible. This valuable and timely book shows us how.

Mohamed ElBaradei, Director-General of the International Atomic Energy Agency, 1997-2009

This is a comprehensive text on fissile material, with a much-needed historical perspective and a detailed analysis of the present situation. It is invaluable for all those who teach a university course in nuclear weapons, nuclear disarmament, and nonproliferation and for those who are thinking of ways to eliminate nuclear weapons altogether.

Paolo Cotta-Ramusino, Secretary General of the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs

Unmaking the Bomb is the most up-to-date encyclopedia of the history and present state of nuclear weapons and peaceful nuclear energy—their overlap and contradictions. The book is also valuable since it is designed not only for professional nuclear physicists, military strategists, and arms controllers, but also for the interested public and journalists.

Alexey Arbatov, Director of the Center on International Security, Russian Academy of Sciences

Achieving a nuclear-free world is a common ideal of the international community. The authors of this book have been long involved in the study of nuclear materials. Based on their abundant research achievements, they have made four specific suggestions for the gradual reduction and eventual elimination of worldwide fissile materials, providing an opportunity for the international community to have a more extensive and in-depth discussion in this regard.

Hu Side, former President of the China Academy of Engineering Physics

To address the challenges of nuclear disarmament and nonproliferation, the Princeton team persuasively details why and how it is necessary to go beyond nuclear weapons as the units of account. They show that accounting for, verifying, and ultimately eliminating stockpiles of fissile materials will be vital to international security and can be done.

George Perkovich, Director of the Nuclear Policy Program, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Washington, DC

Fissile materials pose a 'perpetual menace to human security,' Niels Bohr famously argued in 1944. This book both highlights the continuing truth of that observation and importantly outlines policies that can reduce the risks. It will be an invaluable guide to the subject for students of international relations, security studies, and nuclear engineering.

Scott Sagan, Center for International Security and Cooperation, Stanford University

Among the toxic and threatening legacies of the nuclear arms race are thousands of warheads, and stockpiles of plutonium and enriched uranium. How can these best be safeguarded and disposed of? The distinguished authors have had a sustained involvement in the science and the politics of these issues. This cogent and authoritative book deserves to have wide influence among policymakers worldwide.

Martin Rees, Cambridge University, former President of the U.K. Royal Society (2005-2010)

Martin Rees

Among the toxic and threatening legacies of the nuclear arms race are thousands of warheads, and stockpiles of plutonium and enriched uranium. How can these best be safeguarded and disposed of? The distinguished authors have had a sustained involvement in the science and the politics of these issues. This cogent and authoritative book deserves to have wide influence among policymakers worldwide.

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