ISBN-10:
1444332120
ISBN-13:
9781444332124
Pub. Date:
09/07/2010
Publisher:
Wiley
Unsaturated Soils: A fundamental interpretation of soil behaviour / Edition 1

Unsaturated Soils: A fundamental interpretation of soil behaviour / Edition 1

by E. J. Murray, V. Sivakumar

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781444332124
Publisher: Wiley
Publication date: 09/07/2010
Pages: 304
Product dimensions: 6.80(w) x 9.50(h) x 0.80(d)

About the Author

Edward J. Murray is Director of Murray Rix Geotechnical, UK

Vinayagamoothy Sivakumar is Senior Lecturer at Queen's University Belfast, UK

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Table of Contents

Preface viii

Acknowledgments x

Introduction xi

Symbols xiii

1 Properties of Unsaturated Soils 1

1.1 Nature and genesis of unsaturated soils 1

1.2 Soil variables 3

1.3 Particle properties 7

1.4 Phase properties and interactions 9

1.5 Soil structure 22

1.6 Experimental techniques for examining pore size distribution 23

1.7 Pore size distribution 25

1.8 Conclusions 32

2 Suction Measurement and Control 34

2.1 Introduction 34

2.2 Techniques for measurement of suction 35

2.3 Control of suction in laboratory tests 52

2.4 Conclusions 56

3 Laboratory Techniques 57

3.1 Introduction 57

3.2 Material selection and specimen preparation 58

3.3 Experimental techniques for volume change and strength measurements 64

3.4 Essential measurements 69

3.5 Further details of triaxial and stress path testing techniques 71

3.6 Conclusions 85

4 Background to the Stresses, Strains, Strength, Volume Change and Modelling of Unsaturated Soil 87

4.1 Introduction 87

4.2 Stresses in soils 88

4.3 Strains in soils 90

4.4 Constitutive modelling 92

4.5 Critical state framework for saturated soils 98

4.6 The constitutive Barcelona Basic Model for unsaturated soils 107

4.7 Extended constitutive and elasto-plastic critical state frameworks for unsaturated soils 112

4.8 Concluding remarks 123

5 Thermodynamics of Soil Systems 127

5.1 Introduction 127

5.2 Outline of thermodynamic principles and systems 128

5.3 Introduction to equilibrium and meta-stable equilibrium 129

5.4 Variables of state 130

5.5 Extensive and intensive variables 131

5.6 The laws of thermodynamics 131

5.7 Thermodynamic potentials 135

5.8 Thermodynamic potentials in practice 138

5.9 Conjugate thermodynamic pairings 142

5.10 Influence of a gravitational field 144

5.11 Concluding remarks 145

6 Equilibrium Analysis and Assumptions in Triaxial Testing 147

6.1 Introduction 147

6.2 The minimum principles for the potentials 147

6.3 Isotropic loading conditions 149

6.4 Anisotropic loading conditions 152

6.5 Work input and the thermodynamic potential 155

6.6 The thermodynamic potential and axis translation 156

6.7 The thermodynamic potential and an aggregated soil structure 157

6.8 Conclusions 158

7 Enthalpy and Equilibrium Stress Conditions in Unsaturated Soils 160

7.1 Introduction 160

7.2 Role of enthalpy 160

7.3 Enthalpy and Terzaghi's effective stress for saturated soils 162

7.4 Enthalpy of unsaturated soils 163

7.5 The significance of α 167

7.6 Stress state in unsaturated soils 171

7.7 Alternative equilibrium analysis 172

7.8 Graphical representation of stress state in unsaturated soils 173

7.9 Stress state variables and conjugate volumetric variables 174

7.10 Hysteresis, collapse and discontinuities in soil behaviour 176

7.11 Conclusions 179

8 Shear Strength and Compression Characteristics of Unsaturated Soils 180

8.1 Introduction 180

8.2 Shear strength and critical state characteristics of unsaturated soils 181

8.3 Equivalent strength parameters 200

8.4 Compression and critical state characteristics of unsaturated kaolin 200

8.5 Modelling of unsaturated kaolin 206

8.6 Structure, variables and parameters 208

8.7 Conclusions 210

9 Work Input, Conjugate Variables and Load-Deformation Behaviour of Unsaturated Soils 213

9.1 Introduction 213

9.2 Work input under triaxial stress conditions 213

9.3 Components of the deviator stress 218

9.4 Work input to unsaturated soils 218

9.5 Analysis of the mobilised stress ratios 220

9.6 Continuity relationship between strain-increments 221

9.7 Stress state variables and conjugate volumetric and strain-increment variables 223

9.8 The meaning and interpretation of stresses and strains 224

9.9 Analysis of triaxial experimental data on kaolin 232

9.10 Conclusions 251

References 254

Index 273

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