Urban Design Ecologies: AD Reader / Edition 1 available in Hardcover
- Pub. Date:
The discipline of urban design is undergoing a rapid expansion and realignment. It is experiencing a shift from a profession dominated by architects and planners, directed at urban development, to a more expansive set of practices engaging new forms of social and environmental ecologies, as cities worldwide adapt to economic restructuring, mass migrations and climate change. Bringing together classic and new texts from the last 40 years, this AD Reader focuses attention on the critical tools needed to understand how cities have been designed and constructed and then changed over time. This enables new ways of envisioning how cities must be conceived and adapted in the future to the dual conditions of rapid urbanisation and economic restructuring, coupled with unpredictable environmental conditions due to climate change.
With its emphasis on both urban design and the ecological, this book brings together key articles that point the way forward for reconciling the often conflicting concerns of urbanism and environmentalism. Twenty-three texts are organised into four distinct sections, covering metropolitan architecture, the sprawling megalopolis, the megacity and the recently emerging metacity. These are broadly chronological and highlight the recent thinking behind some of the key urban developments, ranging from the art of traditional city-making covered by European architects and historians in the late 20th century to contemporary Tokyo described by Atelier Bow-Wow.
- Features original texts from: Reyner Banham, Rem Koolhaas, Aldo Rossi, Colin Rowe, David Grahame Shane, Bernard Tschumi, Oswald Mathias Ungers, and Robert Venturi, Denise Scott Brown and Steven Izenour.
- Contains newly commissioned texts from: Mary Cadenasso, Sharon Haar and Victoria Marshall, Carlos Leite, Steward TA Pickett and Albert Pope.
- Includes new translations of important essays by Vittorio Gregotti and Paola Viganò.
- Topics range from the European historic city to the Las Vegas Strip and the megacity of São Paulo, taking in the global sustainable city.
About the Author
Brian McGrath is an Associate Professor of Urban Design at Parsons The New School for Design in New York. He taught at Columbia University in the Urban Design Studios for 15 years in a programme that grew 500% in student population between 1991 and 2005. He was a Senior Fulbright Scholar in Thailand in 1998/99. He is currently a co-investigator on an interdisciplinary team on the Baltimore Ecosystem Study, a Long Term Ecological Research project where he coordinates a working group linking science research, public policy and design. McGrath has authored and contributed to many books and journals, he also teaches and lectures internationally.
Table of Contents
Introduction 8 Brian McGrath
FROM THE ARCHITECTURE OF THE CITY TO METROPOLITAN ARCHITECTURE
The Architecture of the City 16 Aldo Rossi
Collage City 27 Colin Rowe and Fred Koetter
Cities Within the City 36 Oswald Mathias Ungers
Chicago à la Carte 48 Alvin Boyarsky
Life in the Metropolis or The Culture of Congestion 60 Rem Koolhaas
The Making of Hong Kong 72 Barrie Shelton, Justyna Karakiewicz and Thomas Kvan
MEGALOPOLIS: THE NATURE OF SPRAWL
The Territory of Architecture 86 Vittorio Gregotti
Los Angeles: The Architecture of Four Ecologies 98 Reyner Banham
Learning From Las Vegas 108 Steven Izenour, Denise Scott Brown, Robert Venturi
An Urbanism of Reform 122 Albert Pope
Mega Urban Ecologies 146 Sharon Haar and Victoria Marshall
Ecology of the City: A Perspective from Science 162 Steward TA Pickett
People as Infrastructure: Intersecting Fragments in Johannesburg 174 AbdouMaliq Simone
Bangkok: The Architecture of Three Ecologies 184 Brian McGrath
Sustainable Megacity Visions from São Paulo 196 Carlos Leite
Frugality and Urban Life 212 May Joseph
Design, Sustainability and the Global City 220 Christian Hubert and Ioanna Theocharopoulou
Situationist Space 238 Tom McDonough
The Manhattan Transcripts 248 Bernard Tschumi
The Fragmented Metropolis 260 David Grahame Shane
Designing Ecological Heterogeneity 272 ML Cadenasso
The Elementary City 282 Paola Viganò
Made in Tokyo 300 Momoyo Kaijima, Junzo Kuroda, Yoshiharu Tsunamoro