Urban low-income housing and development: A case study in Peninsular Malaysia / Edition 1 available in Hardcover
The research project of which the present study is the end result was initiated in late 1970, while I was affiliated with the Economisch Instituut voor de Bouwnijverheid (Economic Institute for the Construction Indus try), Amsterdam, the Netherlands. This institution, in association with the Urban Development Authority, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, also suppor ted fieldwork in Malaysia from early 1973 to spring 1975. This resulted in a report to the Malaysian government (Wegelin, 1975), which forms the basis of the present study. Improvement and extension of the earlier report to mould the study in its present shape has been made possible by the financial support of the Stichting Wetenschappelijk Onderwijs in Econo mische en Sociale Aspecten van Bouwproductie en Bouwnijverheid (Foun dation for University Education in Economic and Social Aspects of Construction), Amsterdam, the Netherlands. The support of the above institutions is gratefully acknowledged. The study owes much to the pioneering work on low-income housing in developing countries bij Charles Abrams and has further been stimul ated particularly by the contributions of Leland S. Bums and John F. C. Turner in this field. The recent development of comprehensive cost benefit appraisal methods for industrial projects in developing countries by Professor I. M. D. Little and J. A. Mirrlees (OECD) and A. K. Sen, P. Dasgupta and S. A. Marglin (UNIDO) provided a challenge to apply similar methods in the area of low-income housing.
Table of Contents1. Introduction.- 1.1. The changing interest for housing in development theory and policy.- 1.2. Appraisal of low-income housing.- 1.3. Scope and structure of the study.- 2. Malaysia.- 2.1 Location and climate.- 2.2. Historical perspective.- 2.3. Demographic trends.- 2.4. The Malaysian economy.- 2.5. The political background to development planning.- 2.6. Development planning in Malaysia.- 3. Housing in Peninsular Malaysia.- 3.1. Introduction.- 3.2. Housing as a goal: needs and supply in Peninsular Malaysia.- 3.3. Macroeconomic aspects of investment in housing.- 3.4. Squatter settlements.- 4. Evaluation of Squatter Rehousing.- 4.1. Cost-benefit analysis (CBA) of squatter rehousing.- 4.2. Methodological aspects.- 4.3. The case-study rehousing schemes.- 5. Estimation of National Parameters for Peninsular Malaysia.- 5.1. National goals and their relative importance.- 5.2. The social discount rate (SDR).- 5.3. Accounting ratios.- 5.4. Summary review of national parameters.- 6. Case-Study Analysis.- 6.1. Introduction.- 6.2. Rate of return analysis.- 6.3. Miscellaneous impacts.- 6.4. Summary results of case-study analysis.- 7. Main Conclusions.- 7.1. Summary review.- 7.2. Generalizations possibilities and suggestions for further research.- Appendix A. A survey of cost-benefit analysis.- Appendix B. Impact of squatter rehousing on selected social variables.- Appendix C. Estimates of costs and benefits for all schemes.- Appendix D. Tabulated results of sensitivity analysis.- Appendix E. Significance tests used.- References.- List of Abbreviations.- List of Symbols.