Urban areas are increasingly contributing to climate change while also suffering many of its impacts. Moreover, many cities, particularly in developing countries, continue to struggle to provide services, infrastructure and socio-economic opportunities. How do we achieve the global goals on climate change and also make room for allowing global urban development? Increasing levels of awareness and engagement on climate change at the local level, coupled with recent global agreements on climate and development goals, as well as the New Urban Agenda emerging from Habitat III, present an unprecedented opportunity to radically rethink how we develop and manage our cities.
Urbanization and Climate Co-Benefits examines the main opportunities and challenges to the implementation of a co-benefits approach in urban areas. Drawing on the results of empirical research carried out in Brazil, China, Indonesia, South Africa, India and Japan, the book is divided into two parts. The first part uses a common framework to analyse co-benefits across the urban sectors. The second part examines the tools and legal and governance perspectives at the local and international level that can help in planning for co-benefits.
This book will be of great interest to students, practitioners and scholars of urban studies, climate/development policy and environmental studies.
About the Author
Christopher N.H. Doll is a research fellow at the United Nations University Institute for the Advanced Study of Sustainability in Tokyo, Japan. He is active across many areas of sustainability research including urban development, biodiversity governance and the diffusion of low carbon technologies. He holds a Masters and PhD in remote sensing from the University of London.
Jose A. Puppim de Oliveira is a faculty member at the Getulio Vargas Foundation (FGV/EAESP and FGV/EBAPE), Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (COPPEAD-UFRJ) and Fudan University (Shanghai). He is also a researcher affiliated to the United Nations University (UNU-IIGH) in Kuala Lumpur and MIT Joint Program on Science and Policy of Global Change, Cambridge (USA).
Table of Contents
1. Introduction Jose A. Puppim de Oliveira and Christopher N.H. Doll
2. Transport Christopher N.H. Doll
a. Delhi, India: Governance-Related Opportunities and Barriers towards Effectiveness of Co-Benefits Policies: The Case of Delhi Metro Project Osman Balaban
b. Curitiba: The intended/unintended co-benefits of investing in public transport Fábio Duarte, Tatiana Gadda
c. Yogyakarta, Indonesia: Technological change and market reform for sustainable urban transport Puspita Dirgahayani
d. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: The Bus Rapid System Flavia Carloni, Tomás Bredariol and Emilio La Rovere
3. Land-use Osman Balaban
a. eThekwini Municipality (Durban), South Africa: Greenspace Planning for Climate Co-benefits Wan-yu Shih
b. Yogyakarta, Indonesia: Inter-governmental Cooperation and Land Use Coordination by Joint-Secretariat Kartamantul Norihisa Shima
4. Buildings Ping Jiang
a. Shanghai, China & Yokohama, Japan: Energy Efficiency at the Building and District Scale Ping Jiang
b. Tokyo, Japan: Low-carbon policy for buildings Hitomi Roppongi
5. Energy Hooman Farzaneh
a. Kawasaki, Japan: - Revealing co-benefits of energy from environmental policies Tsuyoshi Fujita, Huijuan Dong, Momoe Kanada
b. Megaurban China: Air pollution co-benefits of carbon mitigation in four Chinese cities Huijuan Dong, Tsuyoshi Fujita
c. Baoshan District (Shanghai), China: Co-benefits in the industry sector Wenbo Dong
d. Teixi District (Shenyang), China Bing Xue, Yong Geng, Zhixiao Ma
6. Waste Mehrnoosh Dashti
a. Yogyakarta, Indonesia: Potential Co-benefits of Community Based Solid Waste Management Retno WD Pramono & Leksono P Subanu
b. Suzhou, China: Generation and Distribution of Waste Management Co-benefits Wanxin Li, Eric Zusman, Jining Chen, Nirmala Menikpura
c. Surat, India: Urban Innovation and Climate Co-benefits in Municipal Sewage Management Amit Chatterjee, Manmohan Kapshe, Paulose N Kuriakose
7. Recognizing and Rewarding Urban Co-benefits: A Survey of International Climate Mechanisms and Informal Networks Eric Zusman, So-Young Lee, Kaoru Akahoshi, and Andreas Jaeger
8. Law for Climate Co-benefits Magali Dreyfus
9. Quantitative Tools for assessing co-benefits Christopher N.H. Doll, Hooman Farzaneh, Mehrnoosh Dashti
10. Decision-support Tools for Climate Co-benefits Governance Csaba Pusztai and Aki Suwa
11. A systems approach for health/environment/climate co-benefits in cities Jose A. Puppim de Oliveira, Christopher N.H. Doll, José Siri, Magali Dreyfus, Hooman Farzaneh, Anthony Capon