Urolithiasis and Related Clinical Research

Urolithiasis and Related Clinical Research

Paperback(Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1985)

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781468472745
Publisher: Springer US
Publication date: 01/10/2014
Edition description: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1985
Pages: 997
Product dimensions: 7.01(w) x 10.00(h) x 0.08(d)

Table of Contents

I. General Aspects.- Genetics.- Inborn Errors of Metabolism Complicated by Urolithiasis — Examples from Purine Metabolism.- Urolithiasis in a Large Kindred Deficient in Adenine Phosphoribosyltransferase (APRT).- Urolithiasis in Hereditary Renal Hypouricemia.- Familial Xanthinuria in a Large Kindred: Purine Metabolites in Plasma and Urine of Xanthinurics, Siblings and Normal Subjects.- Heredity, Serum Phosphate and Urinary Calcium in Calcium Urolithiasis.- The Significance of the Sexual Dependency of Lithogenic and Inhibitory Substances in Urine.- Epidemiology.- Incidence of Renal Stones in Western Countries.- Urolithiasis — Epidemiological Data from the South of Portugal.- Epidemiological Aspects of Urolithiasis in a German County.- Epidemiology of Urolithiasis and Calcium Metabolism in Human Diabetes Mellitus.- Nutrition.- Urinary Calcium Excretion and Net Acid Excretion: Effects of Dietary Protein, Carbohydrate and Calories.- Dietary Factors Important in Calcium Stone-Formation.- Dietary Factors as Causes of the So-Called Renal Leak of Calcium in Idiopathic Stone Formers.- Dietary History and Dietary Records in Renal Stone Patients and Controls.- Urolithiasis in Southern Rajasthan: Contribution of Dietary Oxalate to Urinary Oxalate.- Nutrition and Calcium Oxalate Urolithiasis.- The Effect of an Increased Intake of Various Constituents of a High Animal Protein Diet on the Risk of Calcium Oxalate Stone Formation in Men.- Calculogenic Potential of the Diet — A New Concept.- Tea Drinking — A Risk Factor for Urolithiasis?.- Environment.- Influence of Water Quality on Urolithiasis.- Drinking Water Quality and Urolithiasis.- II. Gastrointestinal Physiology and Pathophysiology.- Intestinal Absorption of Calcium: Basic Aspects.- Nephrolithiasis Associated with Intestinal Disease.- Intestinal Absorption of Calcium, Magnesium, Phosphate and Oxalate: Deviation from Normal in Idiopathic Urolithiasis.- Kinetic Study of the Intestinal Calcium-Binding Protein in Absorptive Hypercalciuria.- Intestinal Flora and Oxalate Excretion in Patients with Enteric Hyperoxaluria.- Renal Tubular Function in Patients Following Intestinal By-pass Operations.- Mechanism of Sodium Glycolate Absorption in Rat Intestine.- Intestinal Absorption of Oxalate in Gonadectomized Rats.- Effect of Maleic Acid on the Intestinal Uptake of Calcium and Oxalate in Pyridoxine-Deficient Rats.- III. Renal Physiology and Pathophysiology.- The Renal Handling of Magnesium.- Influence of Bicarbonate on the Renal Handling of Magnesium.- Urinary Excretion of Citrate — Influence of Metabolism and Acid-Base Conditions.- The Renal Handling of Citrate.- Effects of Metabolic Acidosis and Alkalosis on the Renal Brush Border Membrane Transport of Citrate.- Renal Handling of Oxalate.- Relation of Severity of Renal Impairment to Tissue Calcium Concentration in the Human Kidney.- Calcification Sites in Human Kidneys — A REM Study.- The Influence of Glucose and Insulin on Calcium Excretion in the Urine.- The Effect of Indomethacin and Flurbiprofen on Calcium Excretion and Glomerular Filtration Rate in the Anaesthetized Rat.- IV. Metabolism.- Studies on the Endogenous Production of Oxalate in Man.- Red Blood Cell Transmembrane Oxalate Flux in Idiopathic Calcium Oxalate Nephrolithiasis.- The Effect of Ingestion of Megadoses of Ascorbic Acid on Urinary Oxalate Excretion in Normal Subjects and Stone Formers.- Interactions of Steroid Hormones and Pyridoxine in the Regulation of Oxalate Metabolism in Rats.- Glyoxylate Oxidation and Enzymes of Oxalate Biosynthesis in Thiamine-Deficient Rats.- Effect of Pyruvate on Oxalate-Synthesizing Enzymes in Liver and Kidney of Glycolate-fed Rats.- Is Magnesium Metabolism Related to Calcium Urolithiasis?.- Low Urinary Magnesium/Calcium Ratio Due to Increased Urinary Calcium Excretion in Essential Hypertension.- A Study of Factors Affecting Urinary Citrate Levels.- Relation Between Hypercalciuria and Vitamin D3-Status in Renal Stone Formers.- V. Clinical Urolithiasis.- Institution and Management of a Stone Clinic.- Temporal Changes in Urinary Risk Factors Following Renal Colic.- Anatomical Localization of Urinary Risk Factors of Calcium Oxalate S tone Formation.- An Ambulatory Metabolic Study of Calcium Urolithiasis in Venezuela.- Hyperuricosuric Calcium Stoneformers: Effect on Fasting and Calcium Hyperabsorption.- Calcium Oxalate (CaOx) Urine Supersaturation in Calcium Stone Formers (CSF): Hypercalciuria Versus Hyperoxaluria.- The Origin of Metabolic Abnormalities in Primary Calcium Stone Disease — Natural or Unnatural Selection?.- Studies on Urine Composition in Patients with Calcium Oxalate Stone Disease.- Alterations in Kidney Location with Changes in Patient Position: Implications for Percutaneous Renal Procedures.- In Vitro Determination of Optimal Conditions for Coagulum Pyelolithotomy.- A One Day Cellulose Phosphate (CP) Test Discriminates Non-Absorptive From Absorptive Hypercalciuria.- Serum Parathormone and Urinary and Nephrogenous Cyclic AMP in Idiopathic Hypercalciuria and in Primary Hyperparathyroidism.- Hypercalciuria in Patients with Normocalcemic Hyperparathyroidism and Stone Disease.- Vitamin D Metabolism in Hypercalciuric Patients.- Proximal Tubule Sodium Handling in Calcium S tone Formers.- Evidence for Magnesium Depletion in Idiopathic Hypercalciuria.- Magnesium Excretion in Recurrent Calcium Urolithiasis.- The Diagnostic Value of Renal Tubular Reabsorption of Magnesium Calculations in Calcium-Containing Kidney Stone Formers.- Some Stone Promoting and Inhibiting Factors in Fasting and Postprandial Urines of Stone Patients and Controls — Preliminary Results.- Urinary and Serum Sulfate in Idiopathic Recurrent Calcium Urolithiasis (RCU).- Urine and Serum Potassium in Patients with Recurrent Calcium Urolithiasis (RCU) — Results of a Pilot Study.- Activity of Adenine Phosphoribosyltransferase (APRT) in Patients with Renal Failure and Urolithiasis.- The Significance of Hyperuricemia and Hyperuricosuria in Calcium Oxalate Stone Formers.- Urinary Excretion Pattern of Main Glycosaminoglycans in Stone Formers and Controls.- The Connection Between Amino Acids, Urinary Enzymes and S tone Formation.- Urinary Isocitrate Excretion in Normal Individuals and in Stone Patients.- Urinary Citrate Excretion in Normals and Patients with Idiopathic Calcium Urolithiasis.- Drug Nephrolithiasis:An Unrecognized and Underestimated Pathology.- Triamterene Solubility and Metabolism are not Causative Factors of Triamterene Nephrolithiasis.- The Effect of a High Intake of Tartaric Acid on Urinary and Plasma Oxalate.- Role of Fluoride in Formation of Calcium Oxalate Stones.- Transient Hypercalciuria During Acute Pyelonephritis and Active S tone Formation.- Ureaplasma Urealyticum and Renal Stones.- Infection Concrements Induced by Ureaplasma Urealyticum.- Stone Analysis and Urinary Tract Infection in Renal Stone Patients.- Vesical Calculi in Patients with Neurogenic Urinary Bladder Dysfunction B. Suryaprakash.- Biochemical Studies in Paraplegic Renal S tone Patients.- The Effectiveness of Hemodialysis and Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis (CAPD) in Controlling Plasma Oxalate Concentrations.- Round Table Discussion on Secondary Lithiasis.- VI. Treatment.- Dietary Therapy.- The Effect of “High Fibre Biscuits” on Urinary Risk Factors for Stone Formation.- Is Salt Restriction Necessary to Reduce the Risk of Stone Formation?.- Restricted Calcium Diet and Calcium Oxalate Urolithiasis.- Pyrophosphate Excretion in Various Groups of Calcium Stone-Formers: Effect of a Calcium-Restricted Diet.- The Use of Wheat Bran to Decrease Calcium Excretion and to Treat Calcium Oxalate Stone Disease.- Critical Role of Oxalate Restriction in Association with Calcium Restriction to Decrease the Probability of Being a Stone Former: Insufficient Effect in Idiopathic Hypercalciuria.- Dietary Treatment of Hyperoxaluria Following Jejunoileal Bypass.- The Stone Clinic Effect in Patients with Idiopathic Calcium Urolithiasis.- Do Stone Formers Accept Dietary Advice?.- Drug Treatment.- The Prevention of Calcium Stones with Thiazides.- Experience with Long-Term Thiazide Treatment in Calcium Oxalate Stone Disease.- Thiazide Prophylaxis of Urolithiasis: A Double Blind Study in General Practice.- Appraisal of Methodology in Studies of Either Thiazide or Orthophosphate Therapy for Recurrent Calcium Urolithiasis.- The Effects of Orthophosphates and Ion Binders.- Effect of Orthophosphate Treatment on Urine Composition in Idiopathic Calcium Urolithiasis.- Phosphate Treatment of Calcium Urolithiasis B. Wikström.- The Role of Urate and Allopurinol in Stone Disease: A Review.- Allopurinol Treatment in Urolithiasis.- Further Reduction of Oxalate Excretion by Allopurinol in Stone Formers on Low Purine Diet.- The Effect of Long-Term Treatment with Allopurinol on Stone Recurrence in Calcium Urolithiasis.- A Placebo Controlled Double-Blind Study of Allopurinol in Severe Recurrent Idiopathic Renal Lithiasis. Preliminary Results.- Drugs Against Kidney Stones: Effects of Magnesium and Alkali.- Urine Composition in Calcium Oxalate Stone Formers During Treatment with Alkali.- The Effect of Alkalinizing Agents and Chelating Agents on the Dissolution of Calcium Oxalate Kidney Stones.- The Effect of Alkalinizing Agents on Calcium Oxalate Stone Formation in a Rat Model.- A Multicentre Trial to Evaluate Three Treatments for Recurrent Idiopathic Calcium Stone Disease — A Preliminary Report.- Prophylaxis of Calcium Oxalate S tones: Clinical Trials of Allopurinol, Magnesium Hydroxide and Chlorthalidone.- The Effectiveness of Long-Term Treatment for Recurrent Kidney Stones Using the DI Method.- Calcium Oxalate Stone Formers Five Years Later.- The Relationship Between Clinical Outcome and Urine Biochemistry During Various Forms of Therapy for Idiopathic Calcium Stone Disease.- Biochemical Alterations in Urinary Stone Patients on Chemoprophy laxis.- Five-Year Treatment in Hyperoxaluric Stone Formers.- The Influence of Flurbiprofen on Calcium Excretion and Vitamin D3 in Recurrent Calcium Lithiasis — A Double Blind Study.- The Inhibition of Experimental Nephrocalcinosis with a Prostaglandin Synthetase Inhibitor.- Clinical Manipulation of Urinary GAGS — A new method of Stone Prevention(?).- Treatment of Hyperoxaluria in Patients with Jejunoileal Bypass: Effects of Calcium, Aluminum, Magnesium, and Cholestyramine.- Relative Merit of Various Nonsurgical Treatments of Infection Stones in Dogs.- Efficacy and Safety of Non-steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs in Ureteral Colic: A Double-Blind Controlled Trial.- Methods and Results of Conservative Expulsion of Urinary Calculi.- Surgical Treatment.- Modern Strategies in Stone Surgery, with Special Emphasis on Prevention of Stone Recurrence.- Operative Ureterorenoscopy for Endoscopic Removal of Ureteric Calculi.- Renal Autotransplantation with Direct Pyelocystostomy in Patients with Recurrent Renal Calculi.- Three-Dimensional Inter-operative Renal Radiography by Means of a Combination of Polaroid Films and Intensifier Screens.- Dissolution of Phosphate Stones by Percutaneous Nephrostomy and Local Irrigation.- A Direct Comparison of the Litholytic Capacity of Renacidin and Some New Calcium Oxalate and/or Phosphate Dissolving Irrigation Systems.- Postoperative Recurrence of Idiopathic Calcium Urolithiasis.- VII. Analytical Methods.- Urine and Plasma Analysis.- Advances in Analysis of Urinary Oxalate: The Ascorbate Problem Solved.- A Comparison of Three Methods for Measuring Urinary Oxalate — With a Note on Ascorbic Acid Interference.- The Effect of Ascorbic Acid on Urine Oxalate Measurement.- Spontaneous In Vitro Generation of Oxalate from L-Ascorbate in Some Assays for Urinary Oxalate and its Prevention.- Enzymatic Assay of Oxalate Using Oxalate Oxidase from Sorghum Leaves.- Determination of Urinary Oxalate by Reversed-Phase Ion-Pair “High-Performance” Liquid Chromatography.- Human Plasma Oxalate Concentration Re-Examined.- The Measurement of Oxalate and Glycolate with Immobilized Enzyme Systems.- The Value of Oxalate Determination by High-Performance Liquid Chromatography in Clinical Practice.- Enzymatic Determination of Oxalate in Urine.- A New Rapid Spectrophotometric Method for Detection of Xanthinuria.- Combined Enzymatic Degradation with Chondroitinases and Alcian Blue Precipitation in Determination of Urinary Chondroitin Sulphates.- On the Preservation of Urines for the Determination of Citrate.- Stone Analysis.- A New Method for Quantitative Wet-Chemical Analysis of Urinary Calculi and the Principles for Calculation of Results and Mass Recovery by an Algorithm.- Analysis of Urinary Calculi by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectroscopy: New Insight into Stone Structure.- Hardness Testing of Urinary Calculi.- Scanning Electron Microscopy Studies on Infection-Induced Urinary Concrements.- Matrix-Mineral Configuration in Whewellite Kidney Stones: Ultrastructural Analysis.- Clinical-Chemical Study of Urinary Stones in Saudi Arabia — I. Uric Acid Stones.- Struvite Stones Analysis by Infrared Spectrophotometry in Adults and Children.- Composition and Structure of Infected Stones.- Urinary Calculi in Children — Epidemiological and Mineralogical Aspects.- A Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) Study of the Bladder Mucosa in Paediatric Patients with Idiopathic Calculus Disease.- Childhood Urolithiasis in Iran: A Study of Urinary Calculi Using X-Ray Diffraction, Polarizing Microscopy and Chemical Analysis.- Stone Analysis — in the Doctor’s Office or in a Specialized Laboratory?.- Computed Tomographic Analysis of the Composition of Renal Calculi.- VIII. Physical Chemistry.- Crystal Formation.- Urine Supersaturation: The Nucleation, Growth and Dissolution of S tones.- Dissolution Kinetics of Calcium Oxalate Calculi.- A Whole Urine System for Studying Nucleation, Growth and Aggregation of Calcium Oxalate Crystals.- Crystallization Characteristics of Synthetic Urine in a Fast Evaporator.- A Comparison of the Tiselius Risk Index (RI) and Relative Saturation (RS) of Calcium Oxalate (CaOx) in Stone Formers.- Equations Defining Urinary Crystallization Conditions with Respect to Stone-Forming Calcium Salts.- Calculation of Complex Chemical Equilibria in Urine: Estimation of the Risk of Stone-formation and Derivation of Prophylactic Measures.- Epitaxial Growth of Calcium Oxalate on Uric Acid.- The Conditions for Precipitation of Uric Acid and Sodium Acid Urate.- The Oxalate-Tolerance-Value: A Diagnostic Tool for the Recognition of Stone Forming Patients.- The Crystallization of Magnesium Ammonium Phosphate (Struvite) in Acidic Sterile Urine.- In Vitro Investigations of Stone Growth Inhibition and Dissolution.- Inhibitors and Promoters.- Inhibitors of the Precipitation of Stone-Forming Urinary-Constituents: Are the Established Inhibitors Effective in Preventing Stone Formation and Growth or is a Moss-Covered Stone Inevitable?.- The Relative Importance of Calcium Phosphate Urinary Inhibitors.- Natural Inhibitors of Formation and Dissolution of S tone Minerals.- Urinary Inhibitors of Hydroxyapatite Crystal Growth: A Constant Composition Approach.- Gel Filtration of Concentrated Urine: The Relation Between Calcium Oxalate Crystal Growth Inhibition and Glycosaminoglycan Chromatograms.- Effect of Additives and Whole Urine on Calcium Oxalate Dihydrate Formation.- Crystal Inhibition: Binding of Heparin and Chondroitin Sulphate to Calcium Oxalate, Sodium Urate and Uric Acid Crystals.- Studies on the Mode of Action of Polyanionic Inhibitors of Calcium Oxalate Crystallization in Urine.- The Relative Inhibitory Potential of Urinary Macromolecular Fractions on CaOx Precipitation.- Adsorption of RNA onto Aged Calcium Oxalate Monohydrate (COM).- The Additive Effects of Magnesium and Tartrate Upon Inhibition of Calcium Oxalate Crystal Formation in Whole Urine.- Calcium Oxalate Crystal Growth: Investigations on Inhibitory Activity of Model Compounds and Urine Samples.- The Effect of Uric Acid on the Inhibitory Activity of Glycosaminoglycans and Urine.- Hyperuricosuria and Calcium Oxalate Stone Formation.- Further Studies on the Possible Lithogenetic Role of Uric Acid in Calcium Oxalate Stone Disease.- Does the Bladder Mucosa Contribute to Urinary Inhibitory Activity?.- The Contribution of the Bladder to Calcium Oxalate Crystal Growth Inhibition in Voided Urine X. Martin.- Effects of Human Urine on Aggregation of Calcium Oxalate Crystals: Normal Persons Versus S tone-Formers.- Determination of Stone Forming Risk by Measuring Crystallization Inhibitor Activity in Urine with a Gel Model.- Macromolecules in Whole Urine that Promote Calcium Oxalate and Phosphate Crystal Formation.- The Inhibition of Calcium Oxalate Crystal Growth by Chondroitin Sulphates, Heparin, Pentosan Polysulphate and Tamm-Horsfall Glycoprotein.- N-Sulpho-2-Amino Tricarballylate, a New Analog of Phosphocitrate: Metabolism and Inhibitory Effects on Renal Calcification.- The Effect of Sodium Sulfopentosan on the Crystallization of Calcium Oxalate.- Magnesium and Citric Acid in the Dissolution of Struvite and Hydroxyapatite.- Round Table Discussion on the Comparison of Models for the Study of Inhibitory Activity in Urine.- Matrix.- Urinary Stone Matrix and Urinary Macromolecules.- Alternating Crystallization — A Proposed Mechanism for Lamellar Structure Formation in Renal Stones.- A Microscopic Study of the Matrix of Some Calcium Oxalate Renal S tones.- Chemical Models.- Comment on the Round Table Discussion on Theoretical Models Related to Urolithiasis.- IX. Animal Models.- Microstructure of Calcium Oxalate Foreign Body Stones Produced in Rat Bladder.- Urine and Serum Biochemistry Relative to the Risk of Lithogenesis in Rats on an Atherogenic Diet.- Histopathological Changes in the Kidney of the Rat on an Atherogenic Diet.- 14C-Calcium Oxalate (CaOx) Adherence in the Rat Bladder.- Dissolution of Crystalline Calcium Oxalate.- Induction and Inhibition of Struvite Bladder S tones in Rats.- List of Participants.

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